Sir William Dawes, 3rd Baronet
|The Most Revd and Rt Hon
Sir William Dawes
|Archbishop of York|
|Province||Province of York|
|Diocese||Diocese of York|
|In office||1714–1724 (death)|
|Other posts||Bishop of Chester (1708–1714)
Dean of Bocking (1698–?)
Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge (1697–1714)
12 September 1671|
Bocking, Essex, England
|Died||30 April 1724
Westminster, Middlesex, Great Britain
|Buried||St Cat's chapel|
|Nationality||English (later British)|
|Parents||Sir John Dawes, 1st Baronet & Christian née Lyons, Lady Dawes|
|Spouse||Frances d'Arcy, 1692 (married)–1705 (her death)|
|Children||five sons and two daughters|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Oxford
St Catharine's College, Cambridge
|Ordination history of Sir William Dawes|
|Date of consecration||8 February 1708|
From the age of nine, William Dawes studied at the Merchant Taylors' School in London. He already excelled in Hebrew by the age of 15. He was barely 18 when he wrote his work in verse: The Anatomy of Atheisme, and his eminent The Duties of the Closet in prose.
In 1687, William matriculated at St John’s College in Oxford, the college he also became a fellow of, then migrated to St Catharine's College, Cambridge in 1689. He received his MA degree from St Cat's in 1695 on royal decree (per lit. reg.) due to his young age. In 1696 he graduated in theology (DD).
He was elected pastor in the village of Bocking near to his estates in Essex. Here he introduced the innovative custom of taking Holy Communion not only on the three great feasts, but once every month.
From February 1708 he was consecrated Bishop of Chester. He was Archbishop of York from 1714 until his death in 1724 and a Privy Counsellor. He owed his advancement largely to his predecessor, John Sharp, who had a great regard for him: it was Sharp's dying request that Dawes succeed him at York. He restored the Archbishop's palace in York, the Bishopthorpe.
He died on 30 April 1724. He was buried in the chapel of St Catharine's together with his wife. He was the most outstanding preacher of his period, a representative of the ideal of aristocratic prelate, high and authoritative personality.
- "Dawes, Sir William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7336. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Dawes, William (DWS695W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- The London Gazette: . 28 September 1714.
- A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies ... by John Burke
- Stuart Handley, Dawes, Sir William, third baronet (1671–1724), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets [self-published source][better source needed]
- The whole works of ... Sir William Dawes, in 3 volumes, with a preface, giving some account of the life ... of the author. London, 1732, 1733.
|Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge
|Church of England titles|
|Bishop of Chester
|Archbishop of York
|Baronetage of England|