Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Harburn

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Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Harburn
Born 1 January 1743
Harburn,[1] Warwickshire
Died 31 October 1802(1802-10-31) (aged 59)
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held North American Station
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Admiral Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet (1 January 1743 – 31 October 1802), was a British naval commander.

Naval career[edit]

Parker's father, Augustine Parker, had been mayor of Queenborough and a commander of one of the king's yachts.[2] William Parker entered the navy about 1756 and in 1758 was on HMS Centurion during the capture of Louisbourg and the capture of Quebec the following year.[2] He was promoted to lieutenant in 1762.[2] For a time he served off the coast of Newfoundland and was promoted to commander in 1763.[2] In 1777 he went to the West Indies where he served under Byron.[2] He served aboard various ships and as commodore and commander-in-chief on the Leeward Islands station.[2] During the 1790s he served under Admiral Lord Howe.[2] In 1794 he commanded HMS Audacious at the Battle of The Glorious First of June and was promoted to Rear-Admiral.[2] After service in Jamaica, in 1797 he took part under Sir John Jervis in the Battle of Cape St Vincent, where he damaged the 112-gun ship San Josef so badly that Commodore Horatio Nelson was able to board and capture her with little opposition.[2] The following year Parker, on blockade duty off Cadiz, bitterly resented that Nelson, junior to himself, was given an independent command in the Mediterranean, but his letters to the Admiralty had no effect.[2] He ended his career as Commander-in-Chief in North America at Halifax from 1800, and was recalled for disobeying orders.[2] He was not related to his namesake, the second Admiral Sir William Parker.

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
George Vandeput
Commander-in-Chief, North American Station
1800–1802
Succeeded by
Sir Andrew Mitchell
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Harburn)
1797–1802
Succeeded by
William George Parker