Sir William Pearce, 1st Baronet

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For other people named William Pearce, see William Pearce (disambiguation).
Statue of Sir William Pearce outside the Pearce Institute at Govan Cross.
Sir William Pearce.
The Pearce Lodge at Glasgow University. The building was part of the original city centre campus and in 1870 was salvaged and brought to the new Gilmorehill campus in the west end due to the philanthropy of Sir William Pearce.

Sir William Pearce, 1st Baronet (8 January 1833 – 18 December 1888)[1][2] was a British shipbuilder, under whose management the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company in Govan on the River Clyde became the leading shipbuilding company in the world.[3] He was later a Conservative Party politician.

Career[edit]

Pearce was born near Chatham in Kent, where he trained as a shipwright and naval architect at the Chatham Dockyard. After supervising the construction of HMS Achilles, the first ironclad warship built in Chatham, he moved in 1863 to Scotland to take up the post of surveyor to the Lloyd's Register on the Clyde.[4]

His career then developed rapidly. A year after arriving on Clydeside, he became general manager of R. Napier and Sons, where he designed innovative fast, transatlantic liners for the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. In 1869 he became a partner in John Elder & Co, and after the retirement of the other partners he became the firm's sole owner in 1878. In 1886, spending more time on his political career in London, he converted the business to a limited company, the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company.[5] Pearce remained as chairman.[6]

Fairfield became a world leader in ship design and marine engineering, and was most famous for the development of the triple expansion engine. The shipyard and offices in Govan occupied a site of over 70 acres (28 ha), and employed up to 5000 workers. It built ships for the major shipping lines, including the Pacific Steam Navigation Company, the New Zealand Shipping Company, and the British and Africa Steam Navigation Company. Pearce was a major shareholder in the first of these clients, and was also chairman of the Guion Steamship Company, and of the Scottish Oriental Steamship Company.

Politics[edit]

As one of Govan's leading businessmen, Pearce took up public office as a Commissioner (councillor) for the Burgh of Govan.[6] He unsuccessfully contested the Glasgow constituency at the 1880 general election,[7] but after the redistribution of seats he was elected at the 1885 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for the new Govan constituency.[2] His victory was narrow, with a majority of only 155 votes over his Liberal Party opponent.[8]

Pearce was re-elected at the 1886 election with a slightly increased majority of 362 votes,[8] and on 21 July 1887 he was made a Baronet, of Cardell in the County of Renfrew.[1][9]

Death and legacy[edit]

Pearce died suddenly at the age of 55 in his home on Piccadilly in London,[4] on 18 December 1888.[1][2] He was survived by his wife Dinah Elizabeth Socoter, who was originally from Gravesend in Kent. Their only child was William George Pearce, who succeeded to the baronetcy.

His estate was valued for probate purposes at £1,069,669.[4] His statue still stands at Govan Cross near the Pearce Institute, a building containing a public hall, library and other rooms, which was given to Govan by his widow.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Baronetage: P". Leigh Rayment's Baronetage pages. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c "House of Commons constituencies beginning with "G"". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  3. ^ Peter Lester Payne, ed. (1967). "Entrepreneurship in the Scottish Heavy Industries 1870–1900, by T. J. Byres". Studies in Scottish Business History. Routledge. pp. 279–280. ISBN 0-7146-1349-5. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Anthony Slaven. "Pearce, Sir William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Biography of Sir William Pearce 1st Baronet". University of Glasgow website. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "William Pearce". The Govan story. Retrieved 29 March 2009. [dead link]
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  8. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  9. ^ "The London Gazette" (PDF). Gazettes Online. 26 July 1887. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Govan
18851888
Succeeded by
John Wilson
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Cardell)
1887–1888
Succeeded by
William Pearce