Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Baronet

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For other people named William Wyndham, see William Wyndham (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
Sir William Wyndham
Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Bt by Jonathan Richardson.jpg
Sir William Wyndham by Jonathon Richardson
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
1713–1714
Preceded by Sir Robert Benson
Succeeded by Sir Richard Onslow
Secretary at War
In office
1712–1713
Preceded by George Granville
Succeeded by Francis Gwyn
Arms of Wyndham: Azure, a chevron between three lion's heads erased or

Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Baronet (c.1688 – 17 June 1740),[1] of Orchard Wyndham, Somerset, was an English Tory statesman, who served as Secretary at War in 1712 and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713. He was leader of the Tory opposition in the House of Commons during the reign of King George I (1714-1727) and during the early years of King George II (1727-1760).

Origins[edit]

He was the son and heir of Sir Edward Wyndham, 2nd Baronet (c.1667-1695) of Orchard Wyndham, thrice Member of Parliament for Ilchester, Somerset, by his wife Katherine Leveson-Gower, eldest daughter of Sir William Leveson-Gower, 4th Baronet.

Career[edit]

He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford and entered parliament in 1710. He became Secretary at War in the Tory ministry in 1712 and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713. He was closely associated with Lord Bolingbroke and was privy to the attempts made to bring about a Jacobite restoration on the death of Queen Anne (1702-1714). On the failure of the plot he was dismissed from office[2] and in 1714 was briefly imprisoned. Under King George I (1714-1727) and during the early years of King George II (1727-1760) Wyndham was the leader of the Tory opposition in the House of Commons and fought for his High Church and Tory principles against Sir Robert Walpole. He was in constant communication with the exiled Bolingbroke and after 1723 was actively associated with him in abortive plans for the overthrow of Walpole.[2]

Despite these various enmities, Wyndham was a respected participant of public life in London. He was, for example, a founding governor of the Foundling Hospital, as recorded in that charity's royal charter of 1739. This institution was then London's most fashionable charity and Wyndham served as a governor with such notables as the Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave, Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, Henry Pelham, Arthur Onslow, Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton and even Sir Robert Walpole himself.[2]

Marriages & progeny[edit]

Wyndham married twice:

Death & burial[edit]

He died at Wells, Somerset, on 17 June 1740.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stephen W. Baskerville, ‘Wyndham, Sir William, third baronet (c.1688–1740)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Debretts peerage, 1968, p.411, Baron Leconfield and Egremont
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Seymour Portman
John Prowse
Member of Parliament for Somerset
1710–1740
With: Henry Seymour Portman 1710
Sir Thomas Wroth 1710–13
Thomas Hormer, 1713–15
William Helyar 1715–1722
Edward Phelips 1722–27
Thomas Horner 1727–40
Succeeded by
Thomas Horner
Thomas Prowse
Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Chetwynd
Master of the Buckhounds
1711–1712
Succeeded by
The Earl of Cardigan
Preceded by
Sir Robert Benson
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1713–1714
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Onslow
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Francis Warre
Vice-Admiral of Somerset
1709–1715
Succeeded by
George Dodington
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Edward Wyndham
Baronet
(of Orchard, Somerset)
1695–1740
Succeeded by
Charles Wyndham