Sira, India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sira, India
Sira
town
Sira, India is located in Karnataka
Sira, India
Sira, India
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°44′42″N 76°54′32″E / 13.745°N 76.909°E / 13.745; 76.909Coordinates: 13°44′42″N 76°54′32″E / 13.745°N 76.909°E / 13.745; 76.909
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Tumkur district
Area
 • Total 17.47 km2 (6.75 sq mi)
Elevation 661 m (2,169 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 105,012
 • Density 2,867.09/km2 (7,425.7/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 572 137
Telephone code 08135
Vehicle registration KA-06

Sira (Kannada: ಶಿರಾ) is a town and taluk headquarters of Sira Taluk of Tumkur district in the state of Karnataka, India. It lies on the National Highway NH-4 (Mumbai - Chennai) and NH-234 (Mangalore - Villupuram).

Geography[edit]

Sira is located at 13°45′N 76°55′E / 13.75°N 76.91°E / 13.75; 76.91.[1] It has an average elevation of 662 metres (2171 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Sira had a population of 50,056. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sira has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 62%. In Sira, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

Sira Town was one of south India's strategically important places prior to the British Raj.

The foundation of the town and the fort is attributed to Rangappa Nayaka, a chief of Ratnagiri. The previous name of the town was Siriya.The beautiful fort is named after the 'Nayaka' ruler. It is symbolic of the hold the Nayaka community rulers once had on Sira.we can still see the remains of beautiful fort which is situated adjacent to Doddakere.

It was ruled by the Bijapur Kings from 1638 to 1687. It was the capital of the erstwhile Suba or Province of Sira of the Mughal Empire that lasted from 1687 to 1757. The Marathas wrested the province from Mughals and held it from 1757 to 1759, when the Mughals regained it. Haidar Ali declared himself the Nawab of the province in 1761 only to lose it to the Marathas from 1766 until 1774 when his son Tipu Sultan, captured it for him.[3]

Historical places in Sira Town[edit]

Like most other places of historical importance in India, Sira also has structures built by its erstwhile rulers. Among them are the Sira fort, Eidgah, Juma Masjid and the dargah or tomb over the grave of Mallik Rehan, who was the Subahdar of Sira. The Jumma Masjid and the tomb of Malik Rihan (1651 A.D) are fine structures built in the Mughal style of architecture.

  • Kasturi Rangappa Nayaka Fort: This beautiful fort is named after the 'Nayaka' ruler. It is symbolic of the hold the Nayaka community rulers once had on Sira. The fort is also a good structure of stone with a moat all round. The ruins of a large quarter, to which tradition assigns the name of Latapura can still be seen to the north-west of the fort. The main image of the Gopalakrishna temple here has been removed to the newly built Narayana temple and a good figure of Hanuman, brought from some other place has been set up instead. The object of worship in the Durga temple is an ant hill.
  • Khan Bagh:A fine garden called the Khan Bagh was founded here by Dilavar Khan, an officer under the Mughuls. This was kept up by Haider and might have suggested the Lalbagh garden at Bangalore.[4]
  • Ibrahim Rauza: It contains many tombs and is a fine example of Muslim architecture.
  • Mallik Rehan 'dargah' : This is mausoleum over the erstwhile Sira province's governor Mallik Rehan's grave. Mallik Rehan was the Subahdar or Governor of Sira from 1638 to 1650. Some locals revere Mallik Rehan as a pious man and call him Hazrath Mallik Rehan Rahmatullah Alai. This monument is protected by Archeological Survey of India (ASI).
  • The Mughal-era Juma Masjid in Sira town
    Juma or Jamia Masjid: This was constructed during the period of Mallik Rehan. This monument is also protected by ASI.
    The tomb of Mallik Rehan, Sira town
  • Bada (the big) Eidgah
  • Seebi: Formerly known as Sibur and Harihararayapura, the Seebi village is midway (24 km) between Tumkur town and Sira Towns along the Bangalore-Mumbai National Highway. It has a big stone temple of Narasimhaswamy. The image of Narasimha in the temple is in the form of a saligrama. The ten avataras of Vishnu, the leelas (sports) of Shiva and the scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata are painted on the beams and ceilings of the temple. These paintings appear to be of the latter part of the 18th century A.D. caused to be drawn by one Nallappa, an officer under Tipu Sultan. They are contemporaneous to the paintings at Srirangapattana. (Source: Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983)

Road[edit]

Sira is well connected to all nearby district headquarters.

Rail[edit]

Still no railway station here, but soon it may have the sophisticated railway link to Davanagere to Blore via Sira to Tumkur :)

Air[edit]

Nearby airport is Bangalore International Airport, Devanahalli

Gallery[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary schools

  • Al Ameen educational trust
  • Ar Rehan Educational Trust
  • Vasavi school
  • Sri Madhava Vidhya Mandira
  • ST.Annes school sira
  • Presidency school of education Presidency school, Amarapura road,sira

Higher Education[edit]

  • Government high school
  • Ranganatha pu college
  • Presidency pu college

Nearest Engineering college @ tumkur

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sira
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ [Mysore: A Gazetteer Compiled for the Government, Volume I, Mysore In General]
  4. ^ "TUMKUR DISTRICT TOURIST PLACES". 
  • [1] Benjamin Rice, Lewis, Mysore: A Gazetteer Compiled for the Government, Volume I, Mysore In General, 1897a, Westminster: Archibald Constable and Company. Pp. xix, 834
  • [2] Archeological Survey of India, Bangalore circle, List showing protected monuments (For Sira, see Sl. No: 198 & 199)
  • [3] Plea to protect fort in Sira (Story in Deccan Herald, Bangalore, May 19, 2008)