Sirdaryo Region

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Coordinates: 40°25′N 68°40′E / 40.417°N 68.667°E / 40.417; 68.667

Sirdaryo Region
Sirdaryo viloyati
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Guliston
Area 5,100 km2 (1,969 sq mi)
Population 648,100 (2005)
Density 127 / km2 (329 / sq mi)
Timezone GMT +5
ISO 3166-2 UZ-SI

Sirdarya Region (Uzbek: Sirdaryo viloyati, Сирдарё вилояти) is a viloyat (region) of Uzbekistan, located in the center of the country on the left bank of Syr Darya River. It borders with (Kazahstan), Tajikistan, Toshkent Region and Jizzakh Region. It covers an area of 5,100 km², and is mostly desert, with the Starving Steppe taking up a significant part of the region's area. The population is estimated to be around 648,100.


Syrdaryo Region is divided into 9 administrative districts. The capital is the city of Guliston (pop. est. 54,000 inhabitants). Other cities and towns include Baxt, Boyovut, Farhod, Qahramon, Sayhun, Sirdaryo, Shirin and Yangiyer.


Key District name District capital
1 Akaltyn District Sardoba
2 Bayaut District Bayaut
3 Gulistan District Dehkonobod
4 Khavast District Khavast
5 Mirzaabad District Navruz
6 Saikhunabad District Saikhun
7 Sharof Rashidov District Pakhtaabad
8 Sirdaryo District Sirdaryo
9 Mekhnatabad District Kakhraman


The climate is a typically arid continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.


The economy is based on cotton and cereal crops, with strong reliance on irrigation and on cattle breeding. Minor crops include forage plants, vegetables, melons, gourds, potatoes, maize, a variety of fruit and grapes. Industry consists of construction materials, irrigation equipment and raw-cotton processing.

Srydarya contains one of Uzbekistan's largest hydroelectric power plants, which generates one third of the country's electricity.