Sirdaryo Province

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Coordinates: 40°25′N 68°40′E / 40.417°N 68.667°E / 40.417; 68.667

Sirdaryo Province
Sirdaryo viloyati
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Guliston
Area 5,100 km2 (1,969 sq mi)
Population 648,100 (2005)
Density 127 / km2 (329 / sq mi)
Timezone GMT +5
ISO 3166-2 UZ-SI

Sirdarya Province (Uzbek: Sirdaryo viloyati, Сирдарё вилояти) is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan, located in the center of the country on the left bank of Syr Darya River. It borders with (Kazahstan), Tajikistan, Toshkent Province and Jizzakh Province. It covers an area of 5,100 km², and is mostly desert, with the Starving Steppe taking up a significant part of the province's area. The population is estimated to be around 648,100.


Syrdaryo Province is divided into 9 administrative districts. The capital is the city of Guliston (pop. est. 54,000 inhabitants). Other cities and towns include Baxt, Boyovut, Farhod, Qahramon, Sayhun, Sirdaryo, Shirin and Yangiyer.


The climate is a typically arid continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.


The economy is based on cotton and cereal crops, with strong reliance on irrigation and on cattle breeding. Minor crops include forage plants, vegetables, melons, gourds, potatoes, maize, a variety of fruit and grapes. Industry consists of construction materials, irrigation equipment and raw-cotton processing.

Srydarya contains one of Uzbekistan's largest hydroelectric power plants, which generates one third of the country's electricity.