|city and municipal council|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of 2001[update] India census, Sirhind-Fategarh had a population of 50,788. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Sirhind-Fatehgarh has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 67%. In Sirhind-Fatehgarh, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
According to popular notion, the present name of the city, Sirhind, comes from 'Sar-i hind', meaning the Frontier of Hind, as Mughal invaders saw it as the 'gateway to Hindustan'. However, a 5th-century AD tribe 'Sairindhas Aryans, which inhabited this area, might have also led to its present name.
Sirhind has been known as a small township from the beginning of the Christian era. Varahamihira (505 – 587) in his Sanskrit treatise, Brihat Samhita, mentions the city as 'Satudar Desh', later it was inhabited by a tribe of 'Sairindhas Aryans, leading to its present name.
In 1012, it became the capital of the 'Hindushahi' dynasty and remained so till the end of the 12th century, when it was taken over by the Chauhans. Later during the rule of Prithvi Raj Chauhan (1168–1192), the Hindu Rajput ruler of Delhi, it became his military outpost.
It further rose in glory during the Mughal Empire, when it became its provincial capital, controlling the Lahore-Delhi Highway, the Grand Trunk Road. During the Mughal era, Sirhind was the name for Malwa, since it was the area's capital city. Sirhind was the headquarters or the Mughal administration in Eastern Punjab. Many European travellers describe its splendours, and it also developed into a center of cultural activity.
Sirhind was known for the dozens of saints, scholars, poets, historians, calligraphers and scribes who lived there. A large number of buildings survive from this period, including the fort named 'Aam Khas Bagh'; it is said that in its heyday, the city had 360 mosques, gardens, tombs, caravansarais and wells. It has also been home to 16th-century saint of the Naqshbandi order, 'Ahmad Sirhindi' (c1564-1624), whose mausoleum, the Rauza Sharif is situated in Sirhind.
Beginning with the first decade of the eighteenth century, with the Mughal hegemony on the wane, Sirhind was plundered repeatedly by the Sikhs, Marathas and Afghans. An important event in the history of the city, was the live entombment of the two sons of the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 12 December 1705, by the Governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan, the place is today commemorated by Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, 5 km. north of the Sirhind. This action further soured relations between the Sikhs and the Mughals and the city faced many attacks.
- Subhash Parihar, History and Architectural Remains of Sirhind, 2006, Aryan Books International. ISBN 81-7305-311-1.
Subhash Parihar, "Medieval Sirhind and its Monuments", Marg (Mumbai), vol. 55, no. 4, June 2004, pp. 42–57. Subhash Parihar,“Historic Mosques of Sirhind”. Islamic Studies, 43(3)(2004): 481-510. Subhash Parihar,"Arabic and Persian Inscriptions from Sirhind". Islamic Studies, 38(2)(1999): 255-74.
A separate place called 'Brahmin Majra', situated near the railway line, is believed to have held a Brahmin community living there since early times.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Memories of a town known as Sirhind The Sunday Tribune, April 15, 2007.
- Sirhind Town(Sahrind) The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 20.
- District at a glance Sirhind at fatehgarhsahib.nic.in.
-  - Punjab Government Website
- Subhash Parihar. Sirhind : The Greatest Mughal City on Delhi-Lahore Highway. ISBN 81-7305-311-1.
- Sirhind Tourist Circuits & Cities of Punjab at punjabgovt.nic.in.
-  - Sikh Tourism Website
- Battle_of_Sirhind Battle of Sirhind at Sikhstudies.org