Sirikit Dam

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Sirikit Dam
Sirikitdam 01.jpg
The dam's power station at its base
Sirikit Dam is located in Thailand
Sirikit Dam
Location of Sirikit Dam
Official name Queen Sirikit Dam
Country Thailand
Location Uttaradit Province
Coordinates 17°45′50″N 100°33′48″E / 17.76389°N 100.56333°E / 17.76389; 100.56333Coordinates: 17°45′50″N 100°33′48″E / 17.76389°N 100.56333°E / 17.76389; 100.56333
Status In use
Construction began 1968
Opening date 1974
Owner(s) Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment
Impounds Nan River
Height 113.6 m (373 ft)
Length 800 m (2,625 ft)
Width (crest) 12 m (39 ft)
Width (base) 630 m (2,067 ft)
Spillway type Tunnel, service
Spillway capacity 3,250 m3/s (114,773 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Sirikit Reservoir
Total capacity 9,510,000,000 m3 (7,709,882 acre·ft)
Active capacity 6,668,000,000 m3 (5,405,836 acre·ft)
Catchment area 13,130 km2 (5,070 sq mi)
Surface area 259 km2 (100 sq mi)
Power station
Commission date 1974, 1995
Hydraulic head 75.4 m (247 ft) (rated
Turbines 4 x 125 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 500 MW

The Queen Sirikit Dam is an embankment dam on the Nan River, a tributary of the Chao Phraya River, in Uttaradit Province, Thailand. It is located at the southeastern edge of the Phi Pan Nam Range. The dam was built for the purpose of irrigation, flood control and hydroelectric power production. It is named after Queen Sirikit of Thailand.[1]

Background[edit]

The Sirikit Dam among others in the Chao Phraya basin were constructed beginning in the 1950s to exploit the agricultural and hydroelectric potential of the basin. Preliminary construction on the dam began in 1968 and it was finished in 1972. The power plant and first three units were commissioned in 1974, the fourth in 1995.[1][2] Previously in 1964, the Bhumibol Dam was completed on the Ping River, one of two major tributaries of the Chao Phraya including the Nan. The Bhumibol and Sirkit Dams control 22% of the Chao Phraya's annual runoff combined.[3] Both dams also help provide for the irrigation of 1,200,000 ha (4,633 sq mi) in the wet season and 480,000 ha (1,853 sq mi) in the dry season.[4]

Design[edit]

Panorama of the Sirikit Dam, with on the right, the reservoir of the Nan River

The dam is a 113.6 m (373 ft) high and 800 m (2,625 ft) long embankment dam that is 630 m (2,067 ft) wide at its base and 12 m (39 ft) wide at its crest. The dam withholds a reservoir of 9,510,000,000 m3 (7,709,882 acre·ft) of which 6,666,000,000 m3 (5,404,214 acre·ft) is active or "useful" storage. The reservoir has a surface area of 259 km2 (100 sq mi).[5] The dam's spillway consists of a tunnel controlled by two radial gates, it has a capacity of 3,250 m3/s (114,773 cu ft/s). The dam's power station contains 4 x 125 MW Francis turbines for an installed capacity of 500 MW.[1][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Thailand". Industcards. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Sirikit Dam History" (in Thai). Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Chao Phraya River Basin (Thailand)". UNESCO. p. 293. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Bhumibol Dam". Royal Irrigation Department - Thailand. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  5. ^ "Dam and power plant characteristics" (in Thai). Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Technical information" (in Thai). Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

  • Sirikit Dam at Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand