|Princess Maha Chakri|
Princess Sirindhorn in 2009
|House||House of Mahidol
|Father||King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)|
2 April 1955 |
|Thai Royal Family|
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (Thai: มหาจักรีสิรินธร, Thai pronunciation: [má.hǎː .ʨàk.krīː.sì.rīn.tʰɔːn]; RTGS: Maha Chakkri Sirinthon; born 2 April 1955) is the second daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
Her full ceremonial title is Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari  (สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; RTGS: Somdet Phra Theppha Rat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Rattha Sima Khuna Kon Piya Chat Sayam Boromma Ratcha Kumari), which was bestowed upon her on 5 December 1977. Thais commonly refer to her by reducing such title to “Phra Thep”, meaning "princess angel". Her title in Thai is the female equivalent of the title held by her brother, Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. The Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession, thus making her eligible for the throne.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Education
- 3 Works and interests
- 4 Awards
- 5 Honors
- 6 Scholarship
- 7 Place names
- 8 Fauna
- 9 Titles and styles
- 10 Thai royal decorations
- 11 Foreign decorations
- 12 Ancestry
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Sirindhorn was born on 2 April 1955, the third child of King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit. As the royal couple has only one son, the Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession. This made Sirindhorn second-in-line to the throne (after Vajiralongkorn) until the birth of Princess Bajrakitiyabha in 1978. Air Chief Marshall Siddhi Savetsila, a member of the privy council, told a former U.S. ambassador in early 2010 that Sirindhorn could be named successor in the event of Vajiralongkorn's death, i.e. the crown prince's children, including Prince Dipangkorn, might be passed over. The privy council will submit the name of a successor when the throne becomes vacant.
In December 2012, Sirindhorn was briefly hospitalised to remove calcium deposits.
Sirindhorn attended kindergarten to upper secondary levels at Chitralada School. She ranked first [clarification needed] in the National School Examinations in the primary level (grade 7) in 1967, first in upper secondary level (grade 12) in 1972 and fourth in the National University Entrance Examination.
She earned a Bachelor of Arts in History (First Class Honor, Gold Medal) from Chulalongkorn University in 1976, and a Master of Arts in Oriental Epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian) from Silpakorn University in 1978 for her thesis, The Inscriptions Found at Prasad Bnam Run (Prasat Phnom Rung). She earned a Master of Arts in Pali and Sanskrit from Chulalongkorn University in 1980 for her thesis, Dasapāramī in Theravada Buddhism.
She was awarded a PhD in educational development from Srinakharinwirot University in 1986 for her thesis, Development of an Innovative Design for the Instruction of Thai Language at the Upper Secondary School Level.
Works and interests
Aside from her passion for technology, she holds degrees in history and a doctorate in educational development. She teaches at the history department of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, where she is the nominal head of the department. In addition to Thai, she speaks fluent English, French, and Chinese and is currently studying German and Latin.
Royal and state orders received
Orders of Kingdom of Thailand
- Dame of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- Dame of the Order of the Nine Gems
- Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of the White Elephant
- Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of the Crown of Thailand
- Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- Member of the Order of Symbolic Propitiousness Ramkeerati
- Freemen Safeguarding Medal (First Class)
- Dushdi Mala Medal (Civilian – Humanities)
- Border Service Medal
- Chakra Mala Medal
- King Rama IX Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- King Rama IX Rajaruchi Medal (Golden Medal)
- Red Cross Medal of Appreciation
Orders of other nations
- Grand Gwanghwa Medal of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit (South Korea)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)
- Member of the Most Glorious Order of Ojaswi Rajanya (Nepal)
- Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spain)
- Commander of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques (France)
- Grand Cross of the Most Esteemed Royal Family Order Seri Utama (Brunei)
- Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown (Japan)
- Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (Sweden)
- National Gold Medal (Laos)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog (Denmark)
- Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (United Kingdom)
- Grand Collar of the Royal Order of Pouono (Tonga)
- Order of the Crown of the Realm (Malaysia)
- Grand Decoration of Merit in Gold with Sash (Austria)
- Order of the Polar Star (Mongolia)
- Hilal-e-Pakistan (Pakistan)
As part of the royal family, she received many awards and recognition, most of which are honorary, including:
|1991||The Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service|
|2000||Chinese Language and Culture Friendship Award|
|2001||Understanding and Friendship International Literature Award||Chinese Literature Foundation of Chinese Writers Association|
|2004||Indira Gandhi Prize|
|2004||International Education Leadership Award||The Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania|
|1981||Thai||Chiang Mai University|
|1989||Geography||Chiang Mai University|
|1991||Chinese Studies of Humane Letters||Thammasat University|
|1991||Agriculture||Prince of Songkla University|
|1991||Agriculture||Khon Kaen University|
|1997||Botany||Chiang Mai University|
|2001||Information Technology||Burapha University|
|2002||Doctor of Letters (DLitt)||The University of Hong Kong|
|2002||Rural Technology||Thammasat University|
|2002||Public Health||Burapha University|
|2004||Humane Letters||Bay Path College|
|2004||Regional Development Strategies||Ubon Ratchathani University|
|2005||Doctor of Humane Letters (L.H.D.)||Johns Hopkins University|
|2005||Environmental Science||Thammasat University|
|2007||Veterinary Medicine||Chulalongkorn University|
|2009||Physics||Suranaree University of Technology|
|2009||Laws||University of the Philippines Los Baños|
|2010||Humane Letters||Indiana University|
HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn has accepted the UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador title for the "Empowerment of Minority Children through Education and through the Preservation of Their Intangible Cultural Heritage." UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura conferred this title on 24 March 2005.
Because of her interest in foreign cultures, technology, conservation and education, there are a number of academic and research institutions in Thailand which have been granted permission to use her name, such as
- Princess Sirindhorn's College, Mueang Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Pathom Province
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre (Public Organization), established 1991
- Mahachakri Sirindhorn Building and Boromrajkumari Building, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University.
- Somdech Phra Debaratana Medical Center, Ramathibodi Hospital
- HRH Princess Mahachakri Sirindhorn Music Library, Mahidol University, opened in 1991
- Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University, established as International Institute of Technology (IIT) in 1994, renamed SIIT in 1996.
- Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, the Natural History Museum in Commemorative on 50th Birthday Anniversary of Princess Maha Chakri (PSU Natural History Museum), Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai Campus, Hat Yai, Songkhla Province, established as Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum in 2007.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Chiang Mai University, Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Province
- Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor, a Galactic cosmic ray detector at Thailand's highest mountain, Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University, Onkarak Campus, Nakhon Nayok Province
The University of Liverpool introduced a prestigious new scholarship in honour of Sirindhorn. One full scholarship will be awarded annually to enable a Thai student to study at Liverpool to complete a one-year taught Masters programme. The scholarship is open to all subjects offered a one-year taught Masters programme, however priority will be given to those students who wish to study in a subject area associated with HRH Princess Sirindhorn such as science, information technology, medicine, the arts, geography, history and languages. To be eligible for the scholarship, applicants must be a Thai national and already hold an offer to study a one-year taught Masters programme at the University of Liverpool.
- Amphoe Sirindhorn of Ubon Ratchathani Province
- Sirindhorn Dam stops the Dom Noi River in Sirindhorn, Ubon Ratchathani Province.
- Sirindhorn Museum (Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Museum), Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Research Center in Sahatsakhan, Kalasin Province.
Several fauna species are named after her, including:
- Eurochelidon sirintarae (Princess Sirindhorn bird or White-eyed River Martin), a critically endangered swallow first described in 1968.
- Phricotelphusa sirindhorn (Panda crab). It was described in Crustaceana in 1989.
- Phuwiangosaurus sirindhornae (Sauropod, herbivore dinosaur) from the early Cretaceous period. It was described in 1994.
- Acanthosquilla sirindhorn (Panda mantis shrimp). It was described in Crustaceana in 1995.
- Streptocephalus sirindhornae (Anostraca, freshwater fairy shrimp). It was described in Journal of Crustacean Biology in 2000.
- Macrobrachium sirindhorn (freshwater prawn). It was described in Crustaceana in 2001.
- Trigona sirindhornae (Apidae, bee)
- Sirindhorn thailandiensis (Princess moth).
- Loxosomatoides sirindhornae (freshwater kamptozoan). It was described in Hydrobiologia (Hydrobiologia) in 2005.
- Sirindhornia pulchella can only be seen in Doi Chiang Dao, blooming around April to June.
- Sirindhornia mirabilis can only be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province, blooming during May to June
- Sirindhornia monophyla can bee seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province from March to June, as well in Myanmar and China.
Other plant species includes
- Bauhinia sirindhorniae (Sam sip song pra dong – Leguminosae -Caesalpinioideae, vine). It was described in Nordic Journal of Botany in 1997.
- Magnolia sirindhorniae (Princess Sirindhorn's magnolia)
- Thepparatia thailandica Phuph. or Khruea Thepparat Malvaceae. Thepparat is her royal title. It was described in Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) in 2006.
- Impatiens sirindhorniae Triboun & Suksathan, 2009. It was described in Gardens' Bulletin Singapore.
Titles and styles
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand
|Reference style||Her Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 2 April 1955 – 5 December 1977: Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda
- 5 December 1977 – : Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
The Princess's style and title in full: Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari (สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; RTGS: Somdet Phra Theppha Rat Ratcha Suda, Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon, Ratta Sima Khunakon Piya Chat, Sayam Boromma Ratcha Kumari). 
Thai royal decorations
- The Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- The Ancient and Auspicious of Order of the Nine Gems
- Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Dame Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant
- Dame Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand
- Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of The Most Admirable Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- Freeman Safeguarding Medal (First Class)
- Dushdi Mala Medal in Humanities
- The Border Service Medal
- Chakra Mala Medal
- The Boy Scout Citation Medal (First Class)
- King Rama IX Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- King Rama IX Rajaruchi Medal (Gold Class)
- Red Cross Medal of Appreciation (First Class)
- South Korea : Grand Gwanghwa Medal (First Class) of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, 1981 
- Germany : Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1984
- Nepal : The Most Glorious Order of Ojaswi Rajanya, 1984
- Spain : Dame Grand Cross of The Order of Isabella the Catholic, 13 November 1987
- France : Commander of Ordre des Palmes Academiques, 1989
- Brunei : The Most Esteemed Royal Family Order Seri Utama of Brunei, 1990
- Laos : National Gold Medal, 1991
- Japan : Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown, 1991
- Denmark : Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog, 2001
- United Kingdom : Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 1996
- Austria : Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Second Class) for Services to the Republic of Austria (2004) 
- Sweden : Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim, 2003
- Netherlands : Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown, 2003
- Tonga : Grand Collar of the Royal Order of Pouono, 2006
- Mongolia : The Order of the Polar Star of Mongolia, 2009
- Malaysia : Grand Commander of The Most Esteemed Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia, 2009 (SSM, with title Tun)
- Pakistan : Hilal-e-Pakistan, 2012
|Ancestors of Sirindhorn|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.|
- Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn’s Personal Affairs Division
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn", at Kanchanapisek Network
- Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Thai Heritage Conservation
- The Forest Herbarium
- Scholarship Website Information
- "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn"
- Backman, Michael, "Thai riches hinged on wise king's prodigal son" The Age, 28 June 2006.
- Kershaw, Roger (2001), Monarchy in South East Asia: The faces of tradition in transition, Routledge, p. 153
- McCargo, Duncan (2010), "Thailand", Regional Oulook: Southeast Asia 2010-2011 (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies): 55
- Watkins, Mary, "P00144feabdc0.html#ixzz18VY4x1YT Cables breach taboo on Thai royal family" Financial Times, 16 December 2010.
- Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, Chapter2: Section 23 (Succession)
- "Princess Sirindhorn levaes hospital". Bangkok Post. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 20 Sep 2014.
- The 1991 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service
- "JHU Honorary Degrees Awarded". Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- The University of the Philippines conferred an honoris causa L.L.D. for her achievements as a global leader in sustaining rural and agricultural development and in promoting education and science to improve the lives of farming communities in Asia and the world.
- Sirindhorn Observatory
- THAI FOREST BULLETIN (BOTANY)
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 1124. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
SirindhornBorn: 2 April 1955
|Line of succession to the Thai throne
|Order of precedence|
The Crown Prince
|The Princess Royal