Sirohi

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Sirohi district.
Sirohi
Hirohi
Devnagri
city
Sirohi is located in Rajasthan
Sirohi
Sirohi
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.885°N 72.8625°E / 24.885; 72.8625Coordinates: 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.885°N 72.8625°E / 24.885; 72.8625
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sirohi
Founded aft. 1450
Founded by Gulab Singh
Area
 • Total 5,179 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Elevation 321 m (1,053 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 851,107
 • Density 164/km2 (420/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Local Marwadi, Godwari
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 307001
Telephone code 02972
Vehicle registration RJ 24
Website http://sirohi.nic.in/

Sirohi (Rajasthani: सिरोही) is a city in southern Rajasthan state in western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sirohi District and was formerly the capital of the princely state of the same name ruled by Deora Chauhan Rajput. It has five Tehsils (Administrative Divisions): Abu Road, Sheoganj, Reodar, Pindwara, and Sirohi itself. It is also known as Devnagari, due to a chain of 14 Jain temples. The nearest railway station to Sirohi is Sirohi Road. The main station is Abu Road railway station. Otaram Rebari from Rabari community is the MLA of Sirohi.

Geography[edit]

Sirohi is located at 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.885°N 72.8625°E / 24.885; 72.8625.[1] It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft).

History[edit]

Main article: Sirohi State

The Name Sirohi had been derived by "Siranwa" hills on the Western Slope of which it stands. Colonel Tod in his book "Travels in Western India" has suggested that the names of the territory might have derived from its position at the head (Sir) of the desert (Rohi), Sirohi also named as "Sword" and this had led some people to believe that this State of brave Deora Chauhans received it present name due to its widespread fame of its Swords i.e. Sirohi means " Self Respect is most important even if head may be detached " in other words "A Rajput of Sirohi may die for Self Respect." Sirohi, is said to have taken its name from Sirohi from Siranwa hill, on the western slope at which it stands. Colonel Tod had suggested the name at the territory might have been derived from its position at the head (Sir) of the desert (Rohi).

In 1405, Rao Sobhaji founded the town of Shivpuri on the eastern slope of Siranwa Hill. Shivpuri today lies in ruins. In 1425, his son and successor, Sehastramal (or Sahastramal, Sehastramal), founded a fortress on the eastern slope of the same hill, which became his capital and grew into the present-day town of Sirohi.

After Independence an agreement was signed between Central Government and minor ruler of Sirohi State, with this the State Administration of the Sirohi State was taken over by Bombay Government from 5 January 1949 to 25 January 1950. The first administrator representing a bombay state was Prema Bhai Patel. After final merger with Rajasthan in 1950, an area of 787 km2 consisting of Aburoad and Delwara tehsils of Sirohi district was renamed with the Bombay State on 1 November 1956, after the recommendation of the State organisation Commission, which forms the present position of the district.

Demographics[edit]

In 1901, the population of Sirohi was 5,651.[2]

As of 2012, Sirohi had a population of 851,107. The urban population is 150,890. Males constitute 53% of the population, and females constitute 47%. Sirohi has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 54.3%; male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 37%. In Sirohi, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. The Sirohi royal family has disbanded and emigrated to various parts of North America mainly Toronto and Ajax Ontario.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]