Sirohi district

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Sirohi District in Rajasthan

Sirohi District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. The town of Sirohi is the district headquarters. Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi District.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Rajasthan (out of 33), after Jaisalmer and Pratapgarh.[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sirohi district has a population of 1,037,185,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[2] or the US state of Rhode Island.[3] This gives it a ranking of 437rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 202 inhabitants per square kilometre (520 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.86%.[1] Sirohi has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 56.02%.[1]

History[edit]

In 1948, Sirohi was taken over by Bombay State from 5 January 1949 to 25 January 1950.[4] In 1950, Sirohi was given to Rajasthan. At that time an area of 787 km2. consisting of Abu Road tehsil and a part of Delwara tehsil was merged with then Bombay state,[5] but it was returned to Sirohi district of Rajasthan State on November 1, 1956.[6]

Sirohi is also called as "Dev Nagari" since ancient times because of many temples and shrines in the district. Sirohi is also famous for manufacturing of double edged swords,[7][8] from the time of the Chouhan Deora rulers (15th century AD) until 1947.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The district has an area of 5136 km². It is bordered on the west by Jalor District, on the north by Pali District, on the east by Udaipur District, and on the south by Banas Kantha District of Gujarat.

It has an area of 5139 km (2009 sq. miles). Sirohi district is situated at the south-west part of Rajasthan between parallel of 24o 20' and 25o 17' North Latitude and 72o 16' and 73o 10' East Longitude.

Sirohi District is broken up by hills and rocky ranges. The granite massif of Mount Abu divides the district into two portions, running from north-east to south-west. The south and south-east part of the district, which lies between Mount Abu and the main spine of the Aravallis, is mountainous and rugged, and is drained by the West Banas River. Abu Road, a station on the main Delhi-Ahmedabad rail line, lies in the valley of the West Banas. Dry deciduous forest is common in this part of the district, and the higher elevations of Mount Abu are covered in conifer forests. Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi District. Sirohi district has least number of villages in Rajasthan.

The portion of the district west and north of Mount Abu is drier, lying in the rain shadow of the mountain, which blocks the southwest monsoon. The southwest corner of the district is drained by the Sukri river, an intermittent stream that drains the western slope of Mount Abu. The northwestern portion of the district is drained by tributaries of the Luni River. The Northwestern thorn scrub forests cover the western and northern portion of the district. Warada is the last village of Sirohi located on Sirohi-Siyana Road.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sirohi one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[9] It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[9]

Administrative setup[edit]

There are 3 Sub Divisions in the Sirohi district: Sirohi, Mount Abu and Reodar, while five tehsils as well as Panchayat Samitis are Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Reodar. Total 202 Gram Panchayts are there for 374 villages in the district and five Nagar Palikas (Municipalitys) are there for Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Mount Abu. There are three sub-tehsils- Bhavri in Pindwara, Kalandri in Sirohi and Mandar in Reodar tehsils respectively.


Places of interest[edit]

  • The Ancient Mirpur Jain Temple(18 K.M from Sirohi City)
  • Ambeshwar Mahadev Temple, kolargarh (6 km frm center),
  • Jabeshwar Mahadev Temple, Vasa
  • Kusuma
  • Moriya Baba Temple, Siloeya(16 km. away from sirohi city)
  • Baneshawari Mataji Temple, Siloeya (17 km. away from sirohi city)
  • Lakhav Mata Temple (40 km from Aburoad and 39 km from Sirohi)
  • Markundeshwar temple, Ajari
  • Mount Abu
  • Pavapuri Jain temple
  • Chandravati Temple, 6 km from Abu Road city ( A historical temple)
  • Saraneshwar Mahadev Temple, sirohi (2 km from center)
  • Shri Hanumanji Mandir, Varada श्री हनुमानजी मंदिर, वराड़ा

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est." 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Rhode Island 1,052,567" 
  4. ^ A V Pandya (1952). Abu in Bombay State: a scientific study of the problem. B.K. Patel. p. 88. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  5. ^ India. Directorate of Census Operations; Rajasthan. Census of India, 2001: Sirohi. Controller of Publications. p. 7. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  6. ^ K. S. Singh (1 January 1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-81-7154-766-1. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  7. ^ E. Jaiwant Paul (1 October 2005). Arms and Armour: Traditional Weapons of India. Roli Books Private Limited. pp. 54–. ISBN 978-81-7436-340-4. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  8. ^ East India Company; Edward Parry Thornton (1870). A gazetteer of the territories under the government of the East-India company and of the native states on the continent of India, by E. Thornton. pp. 874–. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
Shree Kanbeshwar Mahadev, Kana Kolar Village, Sheoganj.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.88500°N 72.86250°E / 24.88500; 72.86250