Sisig

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Sizzling Sisig
Sisig (32623486).jpg
Sizzling sisig
Alternative name(s) Sisig
Type Main course, snack
Place of origin Philippines
Region or state Pampanga
Creator(s) Lucia Cunanan
Serving temperature Hot
Main ingredient(s) Pork jowls, ears and liver
Food energy (per serving) 293[1] kcal

Sisig is a Kapampangan term which means "to snack on something sour". It usually refers to fruits, often unripe or half-ripe, sometimes dipped in salt and vinegar. It also refers to a method of preparing fish and meat, especially pork, which is marinated in a sour liquid such as lemon juice or vinegar, then seasoned with salt, pepper and other spices.[2]

Sisig also refers to Sizzling sisig, a Filipino dish made from parts of pig’s head and liver, usually seasoned with calamansi and chili peppers.

Origin[edit]

The dish is said to have originated from local residents who bought unused pig heads from the commissaries of Clark Air Base in Angeles City, Pampanga. Pig heads were purchased cheap since they were not used in preparing meals for the U.S. Air Force personnel stationed there.[3] An alternate explanation of its origin is that it is but an innovative variation on an older recipe, which is pork ears and jowl, boiled, chopped then marinated in a spicy broth-soy-vinegar sauce.

Sisig queen[edit]

Lucia Cunanan of Angeles City has been credited with inventing sisig.[4] The Philippine Department of Tourism has acknowledged that her "Aling Lucing's" restaurant had established Angeles City as the "Sisig Capital of the Philippines" in 1974.[5] Cunanan's trademark sisig was developed in mid-1974 when she served a concoction of boiled and chopped pig ears and cheeks seasoned with vinegar, calamansi juice, chopped onions and chicken liver and served in hot plates. Today, varieties include sisig ala pizzailo, pork combination, green mussels or tahong, mixed seafood, ostrich sisig, spicy python, frog sisig and tokwa't pitoy, among others.[4]

Preparation[edit]

Preparing sisig comes in three phases: boiling, broiling and finally grilling.[6] A pig's head is first boiled to remove hairs and to tenderize it. Portions of it are then chopped and grilled or broiled. Finally, coarsely chopped onions are added and served on a sizzling plate. Variations of sisig may add any of the following: eggs, ox brains, chicharon (pork cracklings), pork or chicken liver, and even mayonnaise. Recently, local chefs have experimented with ingredients other than pork such as chicken, squid, tuna, and tofu.

Annual Sisig Festival[edit]

The annual "Sisig Festival" (Sadsaran Qng Angeles) is held every year during the month of December in Angeles City, Pampanga, celebrating the Kapampangan dish. It was made an annual festival by Mayor Carmelo Lazatin on December 2004 to promote the city's culinary prowess.[7] The festival also features a contest where chefs compete in making dishes, primarily sisig. Congo Grille, a restaurant chain in the country, was a winner in 2006.[8]

Sisig Fusions[edit]

Sisig has found its way into numerous fusion recipes. Greenwich Pizza of the Philippines has created a Sisig Pizza. Senor Sisig of San Francisco, USA has developed Sisig Tacos.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sisig Recipe - Calorie Count". Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  2. ^ "The Pilgrim's Pots and Pans". Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  3. ^ Carlo Osi (26 March 2009). "Filipino cuisine on US television". Mind Feeds. Inquirer Company. Retrieved 18 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "RP's sisig queen found dead in Pampanga home". GMANews.TV. 2008-04-16. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  5. ^ "Festivals and Events: Pampanga". The Ultimate Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide For Tourists. Department of Tourism. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  6. ^ Nora, Villanueva Daza; Michaela Fenix (1992). A Culinary Life: Personal Recipe Collection. Anvil Publishing. p. 14. ISBN 971-27-0212-X. 
  7. ^ Fabian, Dante M. (2004-12-13). "Sisig Fest eyed as annual tourism event". Sun.Star Pampanga. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. ^ Reynaldo G. Navales (December 9, 2006). "Kapampangans show cooking skills at Sisig festival". Sun.Star Pampanga. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  9. ^ Kidera, Evan. "About Senor Sisig". Retrieved 31 January 2012.