|Claim Descent From||Suryavansh|
|Branches (Gotras):||Gahlots, Bachals, Gohils|
|Ruled in||Delhi, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat|
|Princely states:||Ayodhya, Awadh, Koshal, Rajputana|
|Population Location:||India, Nepal and Pakistan|
|Languages:||Hindi, Rajasthani, Haryanvi, Braj Bhasa, Awadhi|
The Sisodia (also known as Sesodia, Shishodia, Shishodya, Sisodya, Sisodhya or Sisodiya) are Chattari rajputs of the Suryavanshi lineage who ruled over the kingdom of Mewar in Rajasthan.[page needed] Prior to Rana Hamir the clan was known as Gehlot or Guhilot.
In 1303 CE, Alla-ud-din Khilji attacked Chittor for the second time after 5 years. According to legend the events following up to the sack of Chittor, defeat of the Rajput was evident. Most fighting men had fallen during the first siege of Chittor. In an attempt to save face, all Rajput men went down fighting during the last stages and met certain death. Meanwhile Rani Padmini committed Jauhar or self-immolation with all Rajput women. Muslim invaders often captured women as war bounty. Young boys of the clan were not in the fort during the assault therefore the lineage survived. Amongst the survivors was Hammir who hailed from Sisoda village. Hamir's Queen, and daughter of Mal Dev Songira helped him recover Chittor. Ultimately Rana Hamir re-established rule over Chittor after 16 years of Muslim occupation. His clan was renamed Sisodia after their village of "Sisoda".[page needed]
The clan claims that they moved from Lahore — then known as Lohkot or Lavasthali — to Shiv Desh (Chittor) in V.S. 191. Bappa Rawal conquered Chittor, taking it from a ruler of the Mori dynasty, and established Mewar,
Sisodia lineage from Chittod which moved to Deccan
The royal Bhonsle Maratha clan, to which the Maratha Empire's founder Shivaji belonged, also claim descent from the Sisodia clan. According to this theory, Shivaji's ancestors migrated from Mewar to the Deccan. Pandit Gaga Bhatt of Varanasi presented a genealogy declaring that Shivaji's ancestors were Kshatriyas descended from the solar line of the Rajput Ranas of Mewar. Documents written in Farsi in the possession of the Ghorpade family of Mudhol claim that Bhonsle and Ghorpade are Sisodia Rajputs: these documents, which were translated in the 1930s, refer to Rana Ugrasena, father of Karna Singh and his younger brother Shubha Krishna, as common ancestors of both the Bhonsle and Ghorpade. The Ghorpade title was given to Karna Singh and his son, Bhimsen, in recognition of their capture of the fort of Khelna (presently, Vishalgad) in 1470 AD with the help of an Iguana, which is called Ghorpad in Marathi. These Farsi firmans given to ancestors of Ghorpade and Bhonsle by early Bahamani Sultans and then Adil Shahi Sultans link both the Bhonsle and Ghorpade families to Ugrasena who is considered a common ancestor by them.
The Sisodia flag
The Mewar flag depicts the image of a dagger and a flaming sun. On the top of the mast is the face of the Sun, embossed in gold. On the triangular Nishan (flag), the human face is embroidered in gold depicting the Sun. It has a gold tassle at the end. A Katar (a type of dagger) with silver threads on the Nishan completes this simple design. The Sun signifies that the Nishan is of the "Surya Vansi" (Sun Dynasty) Maharanas of Mewar. The Katar is the emblem of independence....the colour of the Nishan (flag) is Saffron and the mast is red.[full citation needed]
- Mountstuart Elphinstone, The history of India: the Hindú and Mahomedan periods
- Lokanātha Ghosha, The Modern History of the Indian Chiefs, Rajas, Zamindars, & C: The native.
- The Indian historical quarterly, Volume 26, Page 268
- Rajendra Sanjay, Bappa Rawal,page 10
- Shweth George E, Bappa Rawal, Page8
- Bhawan Singh Rana (2005). Chhatrapati Shivaji. A.H.W. Sameer series. Diamond Pocket Books. p. 9. ISBN 978-81-288-0826-5.
- H. S. Sardesai (2002). Shivaji, the great Maratha, Volume 2. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 428. ISBN 978-81-7755-284-3.
- The Bahmanis of the Deccan - Haroon Khan Sherwani - Google Books
- Shivaji, the last great fort architect - Rameśa Desāī, Maharashtra Information Centre - Google Books
- New Indian antiquary - Google Books
- Udaipur, Mewar - Indian Princely State
- Uma Prasad Thapliyal,The dhvaja, standards and flags of India: a study