Sisymbrium officinale

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Hedge-mustard
Gewone raket R0011613.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Sisymbrium
Species: S. officinale
Binomial name
Sisymbrium officinale
(L.) Scop.

Hedge mustard (Sisymbrium officinale) is a plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is found on roadsides and wasteland, and as a weed of arable land. A native of Europe and North Africa, it is now well-established throughout the world.

It is distinct from the mustard plants which belong to the genus Brassica.

The Hedge-mustard is food for the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, such as the small white (Pieris rapae).

Uses[edit]

In food[edit]

This plant is widely cultivated across Europe for its edible leaves and seeds. It is widely used as a condiment in Northern Europe (particularly Denmark, Norway and Germany).

The leaves have a bitter cabbage-like flavour and they are used either in salads or cooked as a pot herb (in cultivar versions). The seeds have been used to make mustard pastes in Europe.[1]

Traditional medicine[edit]

The Greeks believed it was an antidote to all poisons. In folk medicine, it was used to soothe sore throats - indeed one name for it is singer's plant. This plant "grows by our roadsides and on waste ground, where it is a common weed, with a peculiar aptitude for collecting and retaining dust...it is named by the French the 'Singer's Plant,' it having been considered up to the time of Louis XIV an infallible remedy for loss of voice. Jean Racine, writing to Nicolas Boileau, recommends him to try the syrup...in order to be cured of voicelessness."[2] It is "good for all diseases of the chest and lungs, hoarseness of voice...the juice...made into a syrup with honey or sugar, is no less effectual...for all other coughs, wheezing and shortness of breath...the seed is held to be a special remedy against poison and venom."[3] It was "formerly used for hoarseness, weak lungs and to help the voice."[4] Herbalists use the juice and flowers for bronchitis and stomach ailments, among other uses, and as a revitalizer.[5] In Tibetan medicine it is used to repress the symptoms of food poisoning.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Plants for A Future Database - Sisymbrium officinale". Plants for a Future database. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  2. ^ M Greve & C F Leyel, A Modern Herbal, UK: Merchant Books, 1973, p.570
  3. ^ N Culpeper, The Complete Herbal, UK: Wordsworth Editions, 1995, p.177
  4. ^ R C Wren, Potter's New Cyclopedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, UK: C W Daniel Co, 1994, p.140
  5. ^ Howard, Michael. Traditional Folk Remedies (Century, 1987), p.153
  6. ^ Medical Thangka

External links[edit]