Sisymbrium officinale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hedge-mustard
Gewone raket R0011613.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Sisymbrium
Species: S. officinale
Binomial name
Sisymbrium officinale
(L.) Scop.

Hedge mustard (Sisymbrium officinale) is a plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is found on roadsides and wasteland, and as a weed of arable land. A native of Europe and North Africa, it is now well-established throughout the world.

It is distinct from the mustard plants which belong to the genus Brassica.

The Hedge-mustard is food for the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, such as the small white (Pieris rapae).

Uses[edit]

In food[edit]

This plant is widely cultivated across Europe for its edible leaves and seeds. It is widely used as a condiment in Northern Europe (particularly Denmark, Norway and Germany).

The leaves have a bitter cabbage-like flavour and they are used either in salads or cooked as a pot herb (in cultivar versions). The seeds have been used to make mustard pastes in Europe.[1]

Traditional medicine[edit]

The Greeks believed it was an antidote to all poisons.[citation needed] In folk medicine, it was used to soothe sore throats - indeed one name for it is singer's plant. Herbalists use the juice and flowers for bronchitis and stomach ailments, among other uses, and as a revitalizer.[clarification needed][2] In Tibetan medicine it is used to repress the symptoms of food poisoning.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Plants for A Future Database - Sisymbrium officinale". Plants for a Future database. Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
  2. ^ Howard, Michael. Traditional Folk Remedies (Century, 1987), p.153
  3. ^ Medical Thangka

External links[edit]