Sri Mohapatra in 2015
17 September 1937 |
Mahanga, Cuttack, Odisha
|Occupation||poet, literary critic, bureaucrat|
|Notable work||Sabdar Akash (The Sky of Words) (1971)
Sitakant Mahapatra (born 17 September 1937) is a notable Indian poet and literary critic in Oriya as well as English. He has also been in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) since 1961 until retiring in 1995, and has since held ex officio posts such as the Chairman of National Book Trust, New Delhi.
He has published over 15 poetry collection, 5 essay collections, a travelogue, over 30 contemplative works, apart from numerous translations. His poetry collection have been published in several Indian languages. His notable works are, Sabdar Akash (1971) (The Sky of Words), Samudra (1977) and Anek Sharat (1981).
He was awarded the 1974 Sahitya Akademi Award in Oriya for his poetry collection, Sabdar Akash (The Sky of Words). He was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1993 "for outstanding contribution to Indian literature" and in its citation the Bharatiya Jnanpith noted, "Deeply steeped in western literature his pen has the rare rapturous fragrance of native soil"; he was also awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2002 and Padma Vibhushan in 2011 for literature apart from winning the Soviet Land Nehru Award, Kabeer Samman and several other prestigious awards.
Early life and education
Born in 1937 in village Mahanga, situated on the banks of Chitrotpala, a tributary of the great Mahanadi, Sitakant Mahapatra grew up reciting a chapter of Oriya version of Bhagwad Gita in a traditional household. After his schooling from Korua government high school, he chose to join Ravenshaw College, Cuttack (then affiliated with Utkal University), where he did his B.A. in History Honours 1957, this was followed by Master's degree in Political Science from Allahabad University in 1959. During that time, he was the editor of the university journal. It was here that he started writing both in English and Oriya, though later he decided to write poetry solely in his native, Oriya realising that "a poet can express himself only in the language in which he dreams", his scholastic works however are in English.
Subsequently, in 1988 he spent a year in Harvard University as a participant in the Ford Foundation fellowship programme.
He joined the IAS in 1961 as the first Oriya to top the statewide examination, and went on to hold several key post, including Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Government of India, and President, UNESCO's World Decade for Cultural Development (1994–1996). . He has held many other ex officio positions including those of Senior Fellow of Harvard University; Honorary Fellow of International Academy of Poets, Cambridge University, and Chairman of the National Book Trust, New Delhi. He is the recipient of many awards including the Orissa Sahitya Academy Award, 1971 and 1984; Sahitya Akademi Award, 1974; Sarala Award, 1985; culminating in India's highest literary honour the Jnanpith Award in 1993.
His first collection of poetry in Oriya, Dipti O Dyuti was published in 1963, his second anthology, Ashtapadi came out in 1967, and won him the Orissa Sahitya Academy award, while his third and most celebrated anthology, Sara Akash (1971), got him the Sahitya Akademi Award, given by Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters. Since then he has published over 350 poems in Oriya and about 30 publications in English on literary criticism and culture. He spent two years studying tribals of Eastern India on a Homi Bhabha Fellowship (1975–1977). He has also two books on social anthropology published by the Oxford University Press, these books deal with the ambivalent relationship between the old ritual based society and state-sponsored development, and explores the reason behind developmental programmes failing in tribal areas despite state efforts. Close ties with the tribals, and his fluency with the Santal tribal culture and the Santali language has led to the publication of nine anthologies of oral poetry of the tribals, which he not only collected, but also translated.
Among notable works are: Ashtapadi, 1963, Shabdara akasha, 1971, Ara drushya, 1981, Shrestha kavita, 1994, (all poetry); Sabda, Svapna O nirvikata, 1990 (essays), Aneka sarata, 1981 (travelogue); Ushavilasa, 1996 (palm leaf manuscript); In English: The ruined Temple and other poems, 1996 (poetry, translation); and Unending Rhythms (Oral poetry of Indian Tribals in translation).
Awards and recognition
He is the recipient of many awards including the Orissa Sahitya Academy Award, 1971 and 1984; the Sahitya Akademi Award, 1974; Sarala Award, 1985; culminating in India's highest literary honour the Jnanpith Award in 1993. In 2002, he was honoured by the Government of India with a Padma Bhushan. In 2011, he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award of India.
- Quiet violence. Writers Workshop, Kolkatta 1970. ISBN 0-89253-605-5.
- The Empty distance carries ...: Oraon & Mundari tribal songs transcreated, with an introduction by Edward Tuite Dalton. Writers Workshop, Kolkatta 1972.
- The other silence'. Writers Workshop, Kolkatta 1973.
- The Wooden sword. Utkal Sahitya Bikash, 1973.
- Old man in summer and other poems. United Writers, 1975.
- Staying is nowhere: an anthology of Kondh and Paraja poetry. Ind-U. S. Incorporated, 1976.
- The Curve of meaning: studies in Oriya literature. Image Publications, 1978.
- Barefoot into reality. United Writers, 1978.
- Forgive the words: the poetry in the life of the Kondhs in Orissa. United Writers, 1978.
- Bākhen: ritual invocation songs of a primitive community. Prachi Prakashan, 1979.
- The jester and other poems. Writers Workshop, Kolkatta 1979.
- Gestures of intimacy. United Writers, 1979.
- The song of Kubja and other poems. Samkaleen Prakashan, 1980.
- Men, patterns of dust. Bookland International, 1981.
- Bhima Bhoi (Makers of Indian literature). Sahitya Akademi, 1983.
- Primitive poetry as love and prayer. Prasārānga, University of Mysore, 1983.
- The Awakened wind: the oral poetry of the Indian tribes. Vikas, 1983. ISBN 0-7069-2153-4.
- An anthology of modern Oriya poetry. Vikas Publishing House, 1984. ISBN 978-0-7069-2583-8.
- Selected poems. Prachi Prakashan, 1986.
- Modernization and ritual: identity and change in Santal society. Oxford University Press, 1986.
- Tradition and the modern artist. Sterling Publishers, 1987.
- Jagannatha Das (Makers of Indian literature). Sahitya Akademi, 1989.
- Tribal wall paintings of Orissa. Orissa Lalit Kala Akademi, 1991.
- Death of Krishna and other poems. Rupa & Co., 1992. ISBN 8171670741.
- Reaching the other shore: the world of Gopinath Mohanty's fiction. B.R. Pub. Corp., 1992. ISBN 81-7018-746-X.
- Unending rhythms: oral poetry of the Indian tribes. Inter-India Publications, 1992. ISBN 812100277X.
- The Realm of the sacred: verbal symbolism and ritual structures. Oxford University Press, 1992.
- The Tangled web: tribal life and culture of Orissa. Orissa Sahitya Academy, 1993.
- Discovering the inscape: essays in literature. B.R. Pub. Corp., 1993. ISBN 81-7018-768-0.
- Beyond the word: the multiple gestures of tradition. Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1993. ISBN 81-208-1108-9.
- The Ruined temple and other poems. HarperCollins Publishers India, 1996. ISBN 81-7223-222-5.
- The Sky of words and other poems. Sahitya Akademi, 1996. ISBN 81-7201-816-9.
- The role of tradition in literature. Vikas Pub. House, 1997. ISBN 8125902465.
- A child even in arms of stone. Sahitya Akademi, 2000. ISBN 81-260-0769-9.
- Beyond narcissism and other essays. UBS Publishers', 2001. ISBN 8174763643.
- Let Your Journey be Long. Rupa and Co., 2001. ISBN 81-7167-520-4.
- They sing life: anthology of oral poetry of the primitive tribes of India. UNESCO. Inter-India Publications, 2002. ISBN 81-210-0407-1.
- The alphabet of birds: hymns for the lord of the blue mountain. National Book Trust, 2003. ISBN 81-237-4098-0.
- Anek sharat: (travelogue). Bhartiya Jnanpith, 2003. ISBN 8126309431.
- A screen from sadness. Current Books, 2004. ISBN 812401390X.
- The rainbow of rhythms: folk art tradition of Orissa. Prafulla, 2005. ISBN 81-901589-8-8.
- Ethnicity and the state: Raghunath Murmu and emergence of Jharkhand. UBS Publishers', 2008. ISBN 8174766138.
- Memories Of Time : Selected Poems. Pratiksha Publishers', 2011. ISBN 978-0-557-66656-0 (http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004Z1JE98).
- Texts And Their Worlds, by Anna Kurian. 7. Election – poem by Srikant Mahapatra Foundation Books, 2006. ISBN 81-7596-300-X. p. 142
- "Deceptive simplicity". The Hindu. 1 December 2002.
- Keki N. Daruwalla (25 September 1996). "The Mahapatra Muse: Two deeply vivid volumes of poems from the oriya masters". The Outlook.
- Jnanpith, p. 18
- "Ayyappa Paniker commemoration today". Ebuzz – Indian Express News Service. 20 September 2009.
- "Unveiling of a poet". The Financial Express. 3 March 2002.
- Sahitya Akademi Award winners in Oriya Sahitya Akademi
- Jnanpith, p. 19
- "Universal appeal". The Hindu. 1 January 2006.
- Dr. Sitakant Mahapatra Mumbai MTNL
- Jnanpith, p. 20
- Jnanpith, Bhartiya (1994). The text and the context: an encounter with Jnanpith laureates. Bhartiya Jnanpith.
- Sitakant Mahapatra Biography and works at Library of Congress
- Sitakanta Mahapatra: In Conversation with Manu Dash
- Dr. Sitakant Mahapatra Mumbai MTNL
- Rath, Arnapurna. Review of Sitakant Mahapatra's Rotations of Unending Time Trans. Sura P. Rath and Mark Halperin at Journal of Ecocriticism