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Sitapur is a town and a municipal board in Sitapur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is in the Lucknow Division. The town is by the river Sarayan, halfway between Lucknow and Shahjahanpur on the Lucknow-Delhi National Highway No. 24 and on the Lucknow-Bareilly Railway, 89 km northwest from the state capital, Lucknow. In British India it was spelled as Citapore and was a cantonment, garrisoned by a portion of a British regiment. The traditional origin for the name is said to be by the King Vikramāditya from Lord Ram's wife Sita.
- 1 History and legend
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Administration
- 5 Agriculture
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Health care
- 8 Education
- 9 Kabira Manav Seva Samiti Uttar Pradesh Sitapur
- 10 Parks and picnic spots
- 11 Historical places
- 12 Notable people
- 13 References
- 14 External links
History and legend
Little is known about the history of Sitapur. Legends connect many places in episodes in Mahabharata and Ramayana.There is a usual tradition of a raid by a general of Saiyid Salar, The rise of Rajput Power according to tradition of great clan which held the district was somewhat later than in Southern Oudh (Avadh). The influx continued till the reign of Aurangzeb. The Rajputs generally found the soil occupied by the Pasis, whom they crushed or drove away. Under the early kings of Muhammadan Kings of Delhi, the country was normally ruled by the Governor of Bahraich, but little authority was exercised. In the fifteenth century, the district was included in the new kingdom of Jaunpur. About 1527, Humayun occupied Khairabad, then the chief town; but it was not until the accession of Akbar that the Afgans were driven out of the neighborhood. Under Akbar, the present district formed the part of four Sarkars - Khairabad, Bahraich, Oudh, and Lucknow - all located in the Subah of Oudh. Khairabad was held for sometime by the rebels of Oudh in 1567 but throughout the Mughal period and the rule of Nawabs and Kings of Oudh the district is seldom referred to by the native historians.
Early in nineteenth century, it was governed by Hakim Mahdi Ali Khan, a capable minister of Naseerundden Haider, and some years later Sleeman noted that it was unusually quiet as far as great landholders were concerned.
At annexation in 1856, Sitapur was selected as headquarters of one district and Mallnpur (currently a village in Tambaur Development Block of District Sitapur. It is the same place where Sharda and Ghaghra river meet.) as the headquarters of another, which lay between Chauka and Ghaghra rivers. Sitapur fighured prominently in the First War of Independence, 1857. In that year, three regiments of native infantry and a regiment of military police were quartered in Sitapur Cantonment. The troops rose on the morning of June 3, fired on their officers, many of whom were killed, as were also several military and civil officers with their wives and children in the attempt to escape. Ultimately many of the fugitives succeeded in reaching Lucknow, while others obtained the protection of loyal zamindars. On April 13, 1858, Sir Hope Grant inflicted a severe defeat on the rebels near Biswan. Order was completely restored before the end of that year.
It is a land of seers and sufis and dalits. According to Hindu mythology, purans were written by Rishi Ved Vyas (Vyas Gaddi) on the ancient location called Naimisharanya. Sitapur is one of the five sacred places the Hindus have to visit in their Panch Dham Yatra journey. Misrikh, near Naimisharanya, holds its religious significance due to the belief that Maharshi Dadhichi donated his bones to Devatas for making Vajras. Dargah of Hazrat Maqdoom Shaikh Shaduddin (Bada Maqdoom) at Khairabad and Hazrat Gulzar Shah are the symbols of communal harmony. According to Abdul Fazal's Aina Akbari this place was called Chatyapur or Chitiapur during the reign of Akbar. Sitapur as the name depicts, was established by the king Vikarmaditya after the name of Lord Ram's wife Sita. This place is concerned with ancient, medieval and modern history.
The contribution of Sitapur can not be avoided in social, historical, political and literary field in the country. Many freedom fighters gave their life to free India from British rule. Capt. Manoj Pandey sacrificed his life in the Kargil War and honored his birthplace with Param Veer Chakra.
Sitapur was established by the king Vikarmaditya after the name of Lord Ram's wife Sita. This place is concerned with ancient, medieval and modern history. This is a land of seer and sufis. Purans were written by Rishi Ved Vyas on this holi land. According to Hindu mythology the 'Panch Dham Yatra' journey of five main religious Hindu places will not be completed without visiting the Neemsar or Namisharanya,a religious ancient place in Sitapur. Dargah of Hazrat Makhdoom sb. at Khairabad and Hazrat Gulzar Shah are the symbols of communal harmony. The City is situated on the river bank of 'Sarayan', at Lucknow-Delhi National Highway No-24, 89 km. from state capital Lucknow, and on meter gauge Railway line from Lucknow to Bareilly via Lakhimpur and Pilibhit. Sitapur is also connected on broad gauge train network connecting Gorakhpur and Delhi via Gonda,Burhwal bypassing Lucknow and Hardoi. Whole district is divided into six tehsils - Sitapur, Biswan, Mishrikh, Laharpur, Mahmoodabad and Sidhauli. There are 19 blocks, two parliamentary constituencies (Sitapur, Mishrikh (SC)) and nine assembly constituencies (Behta, Biswan, Mahmoodabad, Sidhauli(SC), Laharpur, Sitapur, Hargaon(SC), Mishrikh and Machhrehta(SC)). Total population of the district is 36,19,661 and the area is 5743 km2.
Sitapur is located at  It test has an average elevation of 138 metres (452 feet). The District of Sitapur has an area of 5743 km2. It is located on the gangetic plain, with elevations ranging from 150 m above sea level in the north-west to 100 m in the south-east. It is intersected by numerous streams and ravines and contains many shallow ponds and natural reservoirs, which overflow during the rainy seasons, but become dry in the hot season. Except in the eastern portion, which lies in the doabs between the Kewani and Chauka and the Ghaghra and Chauka rivers, the soil is dry. Even this moist tract is interspersed with patches of land covered with saline efflorescence called reh..
The monotony of featureless plain of upper Ganga valley is preserved throughout the district. At places this monotony is broken by Small River like Kathna, Sarain and Gomati. Sandy stretches are found along the rivers and locally known as ‘bhurs’. the region in general is a part of well integrated system of the river Ganga. Gomti the most important tributary flows in the eastern part of the district and engulfs above mentioned small rivers. Ghaghara River forms the eastern boundary of the district. There are five rivers flowing through the district of Sitapur: Gomti, Kathana, Pirai, Sarayan, Ghaghra and Sharda.
The gradual rise in temperature starts in the months of February and becomes more rapid by March and April unless checked by more humid easterlies. The local hot and gusty winds, locally known as ‘loo’; result in hot and scorching weather. The condition is aggravated further by presence of meager relative humidity (40%). The district of the study does not show much influence of Himalaya which otherwise tend to lower the temperatures in the places nearby as in the case of Meerut and Gonda.
The pre -monsoon showers are meagre and this along with low humidity accentuates the impact of loo which at times changes in to heat waves with exceptionally high temperature. The rainy season commences in the latter half of the June at different dates which are too difficult to be predicted. It brings relief to the people by lowering the temperatures up to 300c. The rainfall decreases southward and westward in the region. There is a dominance of Bay of Bengal currents. This season comes to an end by October with a sudden fall in temperature and amount of rainfall. Soon after the winter conditions settle in at times cold waves and westerly disturb the general monotony of the winters. The showers due to western depressions are very useful for the rabi crop in the region. The average rainfall in the study area varies between 80 cm to 110 cm.
As of 2011[update] India census, Sitapur had a population of 1,77,351. Males constitute 52.67% of the population and females 47.41%. Sitapur has an average literacy rate of 83.11%, higher than the national average of 74.04%.In Sitapur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.Sitapur has sex ratio of 899 females per 1000 males.
The district is divided into six tehsils: Sitapur, Biswan, Mishrikh, Laharpur, Mahmoodabad and Sidhauli. There are 19 blocks, two parliamentary constituencies (Sitapur, Mishrikh (SC)) and nine assembly constituencies (sewta, Biswan, Mahmoodabad, Sidhauli (SC), Laharpur, Sitapur, Hargaon (SC), Mishrikh and Maholi). Total population of the district is 28.57 lakh and the area is 5743 km2. There are 2348 census villages and 1329 Gram Panchayats in the district.
As of 1911, the annual rainfall averaged 38 inches. Agriculture is the primary activity, with wheat, rice, and urad being the staple crops with sugarcane, mustard and groundnuts as cash crops. The crop area of Peppermint is also rapidly increasing especially in eastern part of the district. Narrow tracts of sandy soils in the valley of rivers produce potato, groundnuts and gingelly.
Lucknow Delhi National Highway No. 24 is well-linked to Sitapur.
Sitapur District Hospital is the only hospital which has received a citation by the Chief Minister of U.P. In 2011. There are 19 Community Health Centers, 61 Primary Health Centers and 468 Health Sub Centers in the District. Additionally, there are many Government Homeopathic Hospitals and Government Unani Hospitals located in rural areas of the district.
Khan Rural Development Industrial Training Institute
KRDITI is a NGO, working in Sitapur since 1991 to provide training in trades (sewing, tailoring, tools and mould making, fibreglass and computer education) under Uttar Pradesh state government projects. The main motive of the organization is to provide free vocational and professional training to unemployed people of the district under state government schemes to lift the employment level.
- SkySail Technology & Consultancy, (www.skysail.in)
- BCM college of nursing
- Indian Institute of Building Designers Association (IIBD)
- Sitapur Eye Hospital
- Regional Institute of Ophthalmology (RIO) attached to Sitapur Eye Hospital
- Sarvjeet Computer Education [SCE], Naipalapur
- Institute of Computer Technology and Engineeg (ICTe)
- Lal Bahadur Shastri Training Institute 9451629035
Engineering and management colleges
- Regency Institute of Management and Technology (RIMT)
- Institute of Engineering & Technology
- Sacred Heart Institute of Management & Technology (SHIMT) www.shimt.org
- Women's institute of technology
- Institute of Engineering and Rural Technology
- Institute of Architecture and Town Planning
- Institute of Pharmacy
- Accurate Computers
- Government Degree College (GDC)
- Rashtriya Mahajani Pathshala (RMP)
- Hindu Kanya Mahavidyalaya (Girls College)
- Acharya Narendra Dev Teachers Training College (ANDTTC)
- Regency Teachers Training College (RTTC)
- Shri Gandhi Degree College, Sidhauli
- Bachhu lal Ram Dulari Degree College
- Sacred Heart Degree College (SHDC)http://www.shdcstp.org/
- Sri D. P. Verma Memorial Degree College
- Sitapur Siksha Sanasthan, Sitapur
- R.D.R.K. Degree Collage,Korauna-Sitapur
- Green Field College ilasiya grant near pirai river hardoi road
- Arcadia Public School,Khairabad,Sitapur.
- Kamla Shiksha Niketan Inter College, Jharekhapur, Sitapur
- Prakash Vidya Mandir Inter College Mahmudabad(Avadh) Sitapur
- United Avadh Inter Colleg Mahmudabad(awadh)Sitapur
- Sita Inter College Mahmudabad(awadh)Sitapur
- St. Bilal Inter College, Near Karbala, Pakka Pul, Sitapur
- Regency Public School, Raseora
- Government Inter College (GIC)
- Sacred Heart Inter College
- Hanumat Rameshwar Dayal Inter College, Biswan
- Seth Jaydayal Inter College, Biswan
- Uma shanker inter college of science Maholi Sitapur
- Jawaher Navodaya Vidyalaya, Khairabad
- Sumitra Inter College, Vijay Laxminagar, Sitapur
- Sumitra Modern Senior Secondary School, affiliated to CBSE, Naipalapur Sitapur
- Anandi Devi Saraswati Vidya Mandir
- Government Inter College (GIC)
- Government Girla Inter College (GGIC)
- Raja Raghuvar Dayal Inter college (RRD)
- Ujagar Lal Inter College
- Arya Kanya Inter College (Founder Late Sri Mathura Prasad Arya)
- Maharshi Vidya Mandir
- R.M.P.Inter college
- Maharishi Vidya Mandir
- National inter college Sidhauli sitapur
- Krishak inter college, Maholi, sitapur.
- Kisan inter college,Baragaon, sitapur
- Study Well Public School,Vijay Laxmi Nagar-Sitapur
- Lal Ji Singh Inter College, Parsendi, Sitapur
- Regency Public School
- Sumitra modern school
- Janta Inter College Kalyanpur, Sitapur
- Sarvodaya Vidya Mandir, Sidhauli, Sitapur
- Shri Gandhi Vidyalaya Intermediate College, Sidhauli, Sitapur
- Shri Nehru Vidyalaya, Sidhauli, Sitapur
- Singhania Educational Institute, Sitapur
- Discman Computers - a Software Development Centre, loharbagh, sitapur
- Sumitra Inter College, Vijay Laxminagar, sitapur
- Raja Bahadur Surya Baksh Singh Intermediate College, Kamalapur
- J.L.M.D.J. Inter college, Khairabad
- S.D.K.Higher Secondary School Lauli
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Sitapur (near Sarojani, Roti Godam)
- G.G.I.C. Khairabad
- Singhania Educational Institute, Hardoi Road.
- police modern school pac sitapur
- Ganjar Inter College, Tambour
- Sardar Patel Inter College, Tambour
- SHRI RAM CHAMPA DEVI SASWATI VIDDYA MANDIR INTER COLLEGE BISWAN SITAPUR
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Parks and picnic spots
Ilasia Park, Mahaveer Park, Sarojini Vatika are the main gardens of the city. Vaidehi Vatika, Shahid Capt. Manoj Pandey monument and Shaurya Stambh are important symbols.
- Ilasiya Bal Vanodyan (Ilasia Park)
- Mahaveer Udyan (Tikunia park)
- Sarojini Vatika
- Vaidehi Vatika
- Neelgaon Picnic spot
- Cheeta Pasi ka Tila
- Gandhi Park (near Eye Hospital)
- Nehru Park (Near To Lohar Bagh)
- Khairabad is very famous in the Sufi world. Dargah bade Maqdoom saheb is one of them. Imam bara Makka jamadaar, ghuyya Tali, Imam bara Aaga Ali, Niazia school, Pakka bagh, Dargah chote Maqdoom and Dargah Hafiz Mohd. Ali shah.
- Karam court The place where the famous badminton player Karam Gopichand used to do net practice early days. Now people is visiting this place to start their 'Vidyarambha' in Badminton. People usually collects the soil where Karam's foot print were once sticked. He is now practising in the Tampines stadium in Singapore. Sitapur is more famous by its alias 'Karamgrad' among Russians.
- Mishrikh is a religious place 10 km from Namisharanya. Maharishi Dadhichi Asharam and Sitakund are holy pilgrimage of this place.
- Namisharanya is a centre of religious and knowledge. There are 30,000 religious places here. Some important holy places at Namisharanya are as follows:
- Suraj Kund Temple is near to Nawab Nagar, Akabarpur very famous temple of SHIV JI, Bajrang Bali
- Chakratirth is the holiest in the Naimisharanya. It is said that Lord Vishnu's chakra fell on this pious land and created a round "Kund" which is named Chakra Tirth.
- Goshai Baba: (Khairullapur)
- Lalita Devi Temple is one of the shaktipeeth.
- Panch Prayag: This pond is situated near the Lalita Devi temple.
- Shyamnathan Mandir: This Shiv Temple was built 300–400 years ago in old Sitapur City (Munshiganj). The temple has the Nagar style of temple architecture.
- Soot Gaddi
- Vyas Gaddi is near Chakratirth where Rishi Vyas divided Vedas into four parts and created Purans.
- Jangli Nath Baba is near to police line crossing very famous temple of SHIV JI
- Ambarish Srivastava, Architectural Engineer and Poet
- Muztar Khairabadi
- Jan Nisar Akhtar, poet
- Manoj Kumar Pandey
- Raja Todar Mal, finance minister and one of the Navratn in Emperor Akbar's court
- Wajahat Mirza, screenwriter and film director, won Filmfare awards for Mughal-e-Azam and Ganga Jamuna
- The Imperial Gazetteer of India Volume 2 Page 54. Available at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V23_060.gif
- Imperial Gazetteer of India Volume 2. Available at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V23_062.gif
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sitapur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.