Sithathoriunet

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Sithathoriunet in hieroglyphs
O10 G39
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O28 W24
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Sithathoriunet
S3t Ḥwt Ḥr Jwnt
Daughter of Hathor of Dendera
Crown of Sit-Hathor Yunet (Senusret II's daughter).jpg
Crown of Sit-Hathor Yunet
Egyptian Museum in Cairo (JE 44919)
Pectoral of Senusret II (tomb of Sit-Hathor Yunet)

Sithathoriunet (her name means “daughter of Hathor of Dendera”) was an Ancient Egyptian king's daughter of the 12th dynasty, mainly known from her burial at El-Lahun in which a treasure trove of jewellery was found.[1] She was possibly a daughter of Senusret II[1] since her burial site was found next to the pyramid of this king. If so, this would make her one of five known children and one of three daughters of Senusret II—the other children were Senusret III, Senusretseneb, Itakait and Nofret.[2]

Sithathoriunet was buried in the Kahun pyramid complex. She must have died while Amenemhet III was pharaoh, since objects with his name were found in her tomb.[3][4] Her name and titles survived on her canopic jars and on an alabaster vessel found in her tomb.[5]

The tomb was excavated in 1914 by Flinders Petrie and Guy Brunton. It had previously been robbed in antiquity but a niche in the burial site escaped the looters' attention. In this niche were found remains of several boxes filled with jewellery and cosmetic objects, such as razors, a mirror and vases. The jewellery found there is considered to be among the highest quality examples ever found in Ancient Egyptian tombs.[6] Also found were two pectorals, one with the name of Senusret II, the other with the name of Amenemhet III. There was also a crown and several bracelets inscribed with the name of Amenemhet III. Most of the objects are made of gold with inlays of precious stone (Cloisonné). Today the majority of the finds are located in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York[1] although the crown is located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.99
  2. ^ Dodson & Hilton, p.92
  3. ^ Brunton: Lahun I, p. 43
  4. ^ Dodson & Hilton, p.94
  5. ^ Brunton: Lahun I, pl. XIV, XV (canopic jars); F. Petrie, G. Brunton, M. Murray: Lahun II, London 1926, pl. 26 (alabaster vessel)
  6. ^ Cyril Aldred: Jewels of the Pharaohs, Egyptian Jewellery of Dynastic Period, London 1971 ISBN 0-500-23138-9, p. 192

Literature[edit]

  • G. Brunton: Lahun I: The Treasure (BSAE 27 en ERA 20 (1914)), London 1920 the book online
  • H. E. Winlock: The Treasure of el Lahun, New York 1973