Siva Prakasar (also Ṣiva Prakāṣa or sometimes Ṣiva-prakāṣa Dēṣikar) was a Tamil poet and philosopher active during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He is known for translating early Sanskrit works into the Tamil language, and for creating his own poetry.
Siva prakasar's, the real poet who was blessed as ‘Sivanuputhichelvar’ by the grace of God. He is acclaimed as ‘Karpanai Kalangiyam’ by renowned scholars of Tamil – speaking world. He compiled “ Neerotta Yamaha Anthathi “ to defeat the arrogant Poet. The verses will not make both lips touch. And also written “ Yesu matha niragaranam “ (The Refuting the Religion of Jesus).
Sivaprakasar was born in a town called Kanchipuram (Kanchipuram)] Thondai mandalam in Tamil Nadu, South India into an orthodox Saiva Tamil (Desikar) family around the middle of (17 th Century) / Sivaprakasar's father was a respected Spiritual leader. His Father Kumara swamy Desikar was the archaka and Dikshithar for the People of Thondai mandalam. His father left his family and gone to Thiruvannamalai with his disciples. There he planned to become a Sage. But it failed. God made him to get married. He got three sons and a daughter. Siva prakasar is the first child. And his siblings are Karunai prakasar, Velaiyar and Gnambikai ammal .
His sister Gnambikai married Perur Santhalinga swamigal. After sometime, Santhalinga swamgal became Tabasi and sent away Gnambikai to her brother. There were no children for them.
Karunai prakasar married Kamathci . And he wrote more than five books in Tamil. Seegalathi sarukkam, Ishtalinga Agaval. He demised at the age of Eighteen at Thiruvengai.So,There were no children for Karunai prakasar.
Velaiyar married Meenatchi Ammal . He got a son named Sundaresanar. Velaiyar wrote more than seven books .Mayilathula, Nallur puranam, Mayilai thirattai mani maalai, Ishta linga kaithala maalai, Kumbakona Sarangathevar history as Veera singhathana puranam, Gugai Namachivaya Desikar history as Namchivaya leelai and Krisnanan history as Paarijatha leelai. And attain mukthi motcha at Perumathur at the age of seventy two. Sundaresanar married Karpagammal . He settled down his family in Valavanur. They got a son named Swaminatha Desikar. Swaminatha Desikar converted himself to Christianity, changed his name as Susai and married Gnasounthari.
To learn Tamil Grammar, Siva prakasar along with his brothers Karunai prakasar, Velaiyar went to Thirunelveli and found Valliyur Thambiran as his master.This teacher accepted him as his student after Sivaprakasa Swamigal had demonstrated his exceptional proficiency in this subject. The pandit taught him everything he knew, but when Sivaprakasa Swamigal tried to pay for this tuition, he refused, saying that he would like payment of a different sort.This pandit had been having a bitter feud with another scholar. Sivaprakasa Swamigal’s teacher said, ‘Go to this man, defeat him in a contest of Tamil prosody,and as a condition of his defeat, make him prostrate to me’.Sivaprakasa Swamigal accepted the assignment, located the rival scholar, and challenged himto compose spontaneous verses, on a specified topic that they would both pick, that had no labial sounds in themThat is to say, the verses had to becomposed without any letters such as ‘m’ and ‘p’, which are sounded by putting thelips together. The scholar was unable to compose a single verse with this restriction, whereas Sivaprakasa Swamigal managed to produce thirty-one on the prescribed theme. The rival scholar accepted defeat and went to prostrate before Sivaprakasa Swamigal’s grammar teacher. “ Tiruchendur Neerotta YamahaAnthathi “ To defeat the arrogant Poets he sang Neerotta yamaha Anthathi. The verses will not make both lips touch.
Prabhulinga Leelai is a 15th century Virasaiva work, written in Kannada and comprising 1,111 verses. It was originally composed when a Virasaiva scholar,Camarasa, was challenged to produce a work that was greater than either the Mahabharata or the Ramayana Shortly afterwards Camarasa had a dream in which Virabhadra, the son of Siva, asked him to write a long poem Camarasa subsequently composed Prabhulinga Leelai in eleven days, after which he presented it at the court of his king, where it was approved by both the monarch and the scholars who had challenged him.
This Kannada work was translated into Tamil verse by Sivaprakasa Swamigal,a Virasaiva poet and scholar, in the seventeenth century.
The Journey to Pommair palayam
Sivaprakasa Swamigal travelled widely all over Tamil Nadu. Santhalinga Swamigal met him along his way. They planned to see Mailam Murugan Temple. There they met Sivagnaana Balaya Swamigal.Siva prakasa Swamigal became the First and Prime disciple of Sivagnaana Balaya Swamigal.
Great poet Sivaprakasar’, who was blessed as ‘Sivanuputhichelvar’ by the grace of Aadhi Sivagnaana Balaya Swamigal has composed thirty two volumes of poetry in praise of Lord Shiva and Sri Sivagnana Balaya Swamigal. In the following five works of significance, he explains us the wisdom of his guru, which he had experienced personally.
Then he went to Thurai mangalam stayed along with Annamalai reddiyar, a donor and devotee of Saiva Siddantha. He started mut in so many places. He worshipped Virudhachalam Pazhamalai nathar Temple.
He attain mukthi motcha in Nallathur near by Pondicherry, while he was thirty two.
Siva Prakasar's poems include:
- Kara Kailai Malai
- Nalvar Manimalai
- Sivagnana Palaiyar
- Nenjuvedu Toothu
- Thirukoova Puranam
- Prabalinga Leelai
- Seekalathi Puranam
- Yesmadha Nirakaranam (The Refuting the Religion of Jesus)
- Tiruchendur Neerotta YamahaAnthathi
- Barnett, L. D. (1931). Catalogue of Tamil Books in British Museum Library. British Museum. p. 371.
- "Tamil Literature".