Sivas Province

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Not to be confused with Sivas Vilayet.
Sivas Province
Province of Turkey
Location of Sivas Province in Turkey
Location of Sivas Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Electoral district Sivas
Area
 • Total 28,488 km2 (10,999 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 642,224
 • Density 23/km2 (58/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0346
Vehicle registration 58

Sivas Province (Turkish: Sivas İli) is a province of Turkey. It is largely located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolian region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey by territory. Its adjacent provinces are Yozgat to the west, Kayseri to the southwest, Kahramanmaraş to the south, Malatya to the southeast, Erzincan to the east, Giresun to the northeast, and Ordu to the north. Its capital is Sivas.

The majority of Sivas Province shares the climate of the Central Anatolian Region in which the summer seasons are hot and dry while winter seasons are cold and snowy. However, the northern part of the province shares the Black Sea Climate while the eastern portion shares the climate of the Eastern Anatolian higher region.

This province is noted for its thermal springs.

Districts[edit]

Sivas province is divided into 17 districts (capital district in bold):

History[edit]

The route of the Silk Road and the Persian Royal Road run through Sivas.

According to the written historical sources, the region of Sivas province was first inhabited during the period of the Hittite civilization by the beginning of 2000 BC and became an important settlement. The region then encountered the reign of Phrygian, Lydian, Assyrian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljukian, Danişment, İlhanlı, Eretna, Armenian, and Ottoman civilizations.

The foundations of the modern Turkish Republic were laid in the Sivas Congress assembled on 4 September 1919, during the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, thus making the province of Sivas important to the history of the Turkish nation.

Economy[edit]

Historically, the province produced alum, copper, silver, iron, coal, asbestos, arsenic, and salt.[2] Alfalfa was also produced in the area.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. pp. 74–75. 
  3. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 63. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°31′11″N 37°17′42″E / 39.51972°N 37.29500°E / 39.51972; 37.29500