Siversky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the urban-type settlement in Leningrad Oblast. For the air base, see Siversky (air base).
Siversky (English)
Сиверский (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Siversky is located in Leningrad Oblast
Siversky
Siversky
Location of Siversky in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°21′N 30°05′E / 59.350°N 30.083°E / 59.350; 30.083Coordinates: 59°21′N 30°05′E / 59.350°N 30.083°E / 59.350; 30.083
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast
Administrative district Gatchinsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2010)
Municipal district Gatchinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Siverskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Siverskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 12,216 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Urban-type settlement status since 1938[5]
Official website
Siversky on WikiCommons

Siversky (Russian: Си́верский) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Gatchinsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the bank of the Oredezh River. Population: 12,216 (2010 Census);[3] 12,137 (2002 Census);[6] 11,885 (1989 Census).[7]

According to locals, Siversky is one of the only places in the world where the banks of river are lined with red sand, suggesting an iron presence in the Oredezh River or surrounding soil.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Siverskaya railway station was opened in 1857. It soon became a popular place for summer holiday leave for middle-class inhabitants of Saint Petersburg. At the time, the settlement of Siverskaya belonged to Tsarskoselsky Uyezd of Saint Petersburg Governorate (renamed in 1913 Petrograd Governorate and in 1924 Leningrad Governorate). On November 20, 1918 the uyezd was renamed Detskoselsky. On February 14, 1923 Detskoselsky and Petergofsky Uyezds were abolished and merged into Gatchinsky Uyezd, with the administrative center located in Gatchina.[8] On February 14, 1923 Gatchina was renamed Trotsk, and Gatchinsky Uyezd was renamed Trotsky Uyezd, after Leon Trotsky.[9]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Trotsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Trotsk, was established. The governorates were also abolished, and the district was a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On August 2, 1929, after Trotsky was deported from Soviet Union, Trotsk was renamed Krasnogvardeysk, and the district was renamed Krasnogvardeysky. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished as well, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On November 27, 1938 the suburban settlements of Siverskaya, Kezevo, Dernovsky, and Druzhnoselye were merged into the settlement of Siversky, which was granted urban-type settlement status.[5] On January 28, 1944 Krasnogvardeysk was renamed Gatchina, and the district was renamed Gatchinsky.[5]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are several enterprises of timber industry and construction industry in Siversky.[10]

Transportation[edit]

The Siverskaya railway station is located on the Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway, receiving suburban trains from the Baltiysky railway station of St. Petersburg.

Siversky is connected by roads with Volosovo, Gatchina, and with Tosno via Vyritsa. It also has access to the M20 highway, connecting Saint Petersburg and Pskov. Regular bus traffic between Saint Petersburg (at the time, Leningrad) and Siversky was opened in 1936, and the regular local bus traffic was open in April 1950.[11]

Culture and recreation[edit]

Siversky contains one cultural heritage monument of federal significance and additionally four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[12] The federal monument is the house where the author Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin lived in 1884. The nearby Rozhdestveno Memorial Estate, also protected at the federal level, commemorates Vladimir Nabokov who spend his summers in the area during his youth.

In Siversky, the Dachnaya Stolitsa Ethnographic Museum (the Capital of Datchas) is open. It shows the history of Siversky as a suburbam settlement in the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 41 218 569 002», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 41 218 569 002, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Law #116-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c Троцкий район (август 1927 г . - август 1929 г .), Красногвардейский район (август 1929 г. - январь1944), Гатчинский район (январь 1944 г. ) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Царскосельский уезд (1917 - нояб. 1918), Детскосельский уезд (ноябрь1918 - фев.1923) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  9. ^ Гатчинский уезд (февр. 1923-авг. 1927) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  10. ^ Сиверский Гатчинского р-на Ленинградской области (in Russian). AllNW.ru. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  11. ^ История пассажирских перевозок в Гатчинском районе (in Russian). lenobltrans.narod.ru. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  12. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 
  13. ^ Сиверский историко-бытовой музей Дачная столица (in Russian). Peterburg 2. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №113-оз от 16 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Гатчинский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (27 декабря 2004 г.). Опубликован: "Вести", №147, 17 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #113-oz of December 16, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Gatchinsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (December 27, 2004).).