Siwa culture

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Map of late neolithic China; Siwa culture is #4

Siwa culture (also 'Siba'; Chinese: 寺洼文化; pinyin: Sìwā wénhuà) was a Bronze Age culture in the Gansu province of China. It was first discovered at Mount Siwa (寺洼山) in Lintao County, hence its name.[1] Siwa culture dating is approximately from 14th to 11th Century BC,[2] it is tentatively attributed to the cultures of the Di () and Qiang () peoples.[3]

Geography[edit]

Painted pottery jar in shape of human, Siba Culture (1500-1300 BC), Gansu. National Museum of China

The Siwa culture is divided into two types – Siwa and Anguo. The former is distributed along the Tao River (Taohe) and the latter along the Weihe river. Siwa-type is somewhat earlier than the Western Zhou dynasty, while the Anguo-type is more or less contemporaneous with it.[4]

One of Siwa culture's main characteristics is pottery with saddle-shaped openings (马鞍口陶罐),[5] It is also distinguished by its bronze objects.

Since 2006, the Siwa site (寺洼遗址) is on the list of the People's Republic of China's archeological monuments.

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

Nicola Di Cosmo, The Northern Frontier in Pre-Imperial China//The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 BC, Edited by M.Loewe and E.L.Shaughnessy. ISBN 0-521-47030-7

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diese Stätte wird auch Miaopingyagou yizhi 庙坪鸦沟遗址 genannt.
  2. ^ http://www.gscn.com.cn/Get/dingxi/101927379.htm
  3. ^ 甘肃日报 [Gānsù Rìbào, Gansu Daily]. 《走进临洮县寺洼文化遗址》 [Zǒujìn Líntáoxiàn Sìwā Wénhuà Yízhǐ; "Entering Lintao County's Siwa Ruins"]. 2007. Accessed 17 Dec 2013. (Chinese)
  4. ^ An Zhimin, THE BRONZE AGE IN EASTERN PARTS OF CENTRAL ASIA. (PDF) Unesco.org
  5. ^ http://www.fareastasianart.com/stores/brianpage/items/517132/item517132fareastasianart.html

Translated from http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siwa-Kultur