Pratt Street Power Plant
Pratt Street Power Plant
|Location||601 E. Pratt St., Baltimore, Maryland|
|Architect||Baldwin & Pennington; Et al.|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||April 09, 1987|
The Pratt Street Power Plant — also known as the Pier Four Power Plant, The Power Plant, and Pratt Street Station — is a historic former power plant located in downtown Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It has undergone significant repurposing development since retirement and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.
The building and its active years
The structure is a 132 by 326 ft (40 by 99 m) complex of three buildings located at Pratt Street and Pier 4 at Baltimore’s Inner Harbor. The structures are brick with terra cotta trim and steel frame construction. It was built between 1900 and 1909 and is a massive industrial structure with Neo-Classical detailing designed by the noted architectural firm of Baldwin & Pennington.
It served as the main source of power for the United Railways and Electric Company, a consolidation of smaller street railway systems, that influenced the provision of city-wide transportation and opened up suburban areas of Baltimore to power its electric street railway in the city. It later served as a central steam plant for the Consolidated Gas, Electric Light and Power Company, a predecessor of the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company.
After the electric plant was retired from service, the building was vacant for a time. The building had been the site of many failed development endeavors, most notably an indoor Six Flags theme park (1985-1989) and a short-lived dance club called P.T. Flagg's (1989-1990).
The Power Plant's tenants have included the first ESPN Zone in the country (opened July 11, 1998; closed June 2010 and replaced by Phillips Seafood), Hard Rock Cafe (opened July 4, 1997), Barnes & Noble, Gold's Gym (closed early 2010), and loft offices. Maryland Art Place, a contemporary art gallery for Maryland artists, is located in the northwest corner. It lends its name to the nearby Power Plant Live! nightlife complex. In November 2011, the former ESPN Zone space was filled by Phillips seafood restaurant, which moved from its longtime location inside Harborplace.
The Cordish Company has its headquarters on the sixth floor. Cordish also developed the adjacent Pier IV building, whose tenants include Houlihan's (since closed), Chipotle Mexican Grill, and Dick's Last Resort.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- King, Thomson (1950). Consolidated of Baltimore 1816-1950: A History of Consolidated Gas Electric Light and Power Company of Baltimore. Baltimore: Consolidated Gas Electric Light and Power Co. pp. 144, 229, 288.
- "Maryland Historical Trust". Pratt Street Power Plant, Baltimore City. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-11-21.
- "Contact Us." Cordish Company. Retrieved on September 13, 2011. "601 East Pratt St., 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21202"
- "Houlihan's Closed." American City Business Journals. Retrieved on September 30, 2013
- Pratt Street Power Plant, South of Pratt Street on Pier 4, Baltimore, Independent City, MD at the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER)