Six gentlemen of the Hundred Days' Reform

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The six gentlemen of the Hundred Days' Reform also the six gentlemen martyrs (of the Hundred Days' Reform) (Chinese: 戊戌六君子; pinyin: wùxū liù jūnzǐ, literally "the six gentlemen of 1898") refers to a group of six Chinese intellectuals who the Empress Dowager Cixi had arrested and executed for their attempts to implement the Hundred Days' Reform. The most vocal and prominent member in the group of six was Tan Sitong. Kang Guangren is also notable as he was Kang Youwei's younger brother, and his execution led to Kang's greater despair and lack of hope in progress for China.

Beheaded bodies on the ground in Caishikou 1905, the Qing dynasty execution grounds where the six gentlemen were beheaded.

On September 21, 1898, after growing intolerance of the Guangxu Emperor's hundred days' reform, Ci Xi and Rong Lu (榮祿) successfully attempted a coup d'état in which all substantive power was taken from the Guangxu Emperor and assumed by Ci Xi, and the six troublesome reformers influencing Guangxu were arrested. The six stood trial on September 28 and were beheaded at Caishikou in Beijing. The six were beheaded in the following order: Kang Guangren, Yang Shenxiu, Yang Rui, Lin Xu, Tan Sitong, and Liu Guangdi.

Their names are:

  • Tan Sitong (Chinese: 譚嗣同)
  • Lin Xu (Chinese: 林旭)
  • Yang Rui (Chinese: 楊銳)
  • Yang Shenxiu (Chinese: 楊深秀)
  • Liu Guangdi (Chinese: 劉光第)
  • Kang Guangren (Chinese: 康廣仁)

See also[edit]