Sixpenny Handley

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Sixpenny Handley
Sixpenny Handley High Street - geograph.org.uk - 1934416.jpg
High Street, Sixpenny Handley
Sixpenny Handley is located in Dorset
Sixpenny Handley
Sixpenny Handley
 Sixpenny Handley shown within Dorset
Population 1,233 [1]
OS grid reference ST997172
Civil parish Sixpenny Handley
District East Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SALISBURY
Postcode district SP5
Dialling code 01725
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°57′17″N 2°00′26″W / 50.9548°N 2.0073°W / 50.9548; -2.0073

Bluebells and coppiced hazel in Garston Wood

Sixpenny Handley /ˈsɪkspəni ˈhændli/ or Handley is a village and civil parish in north east Dorset, England, situated on Cranborne Chase ten miles (16 km) north east of Blandford Forum. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 1,233.

Toponymy[edit]

The village name is derived from two medieval hundreds: "Sexpena" and "Hanlega", which by the 14th century were united as the hundred of "Sexpenne et Henle".[2] The village was originally known as Handley,[2] or Handley St Mary.[3] The use of the name Sixpenny Handley to describe the village and parish is fairly modern,[2] and was being used as an alternative name by the middle of the 19th century.[3]

History[edit]

On Woodcutts Common in the north of the parish (westnorthwest of the village) is the site of a 4 acre Iron Age and Romano-British settlement, probably a farm. It was excavated by General Pitt Rivers in 1884–5.[4]

The Great Fire of Handley 1892[edit]

On 20 May 1892, the village suffered a major fire which resulted in most of it having to be rebuilt, after nearly two hundred people were left homeless. Well-wishers subsequently sent gifts to aid the villagers; so much clothing was donated that it was said a man could be identified as being from Handley because he wore two or even three waistcoats.[5] This generosity is to be celebrated in 2014 by the Heritage Lottery–supported Sixpenny Handley Waistcoat Festival.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

Sixpenny Handley village is sited between 75 and 95 metres (246 and 312 ft) above sea-level in a shallow valley on the dip slope of the chalk uplands of Cranborne Chase. It is approximately 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Blandford Forum and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Salisbury in Wiltshire. The parish covers three valleys—the village being in the easternmost—which all drain south. The highest land in the parish, at over 155 metres (509 ft)[8] above sea-level, is in the north, where in places the chalk is overlain by deposits of clay with flint. The lowest land, at 60 metres (200 ft), is in the south.[4]

Cranborne Chase is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.[9] Other protected areas nearby include Garston Wood, a hazel coppice and RSPB reserve,.[10] and Martin Down, an area of chalk downland and a National Nature Reserve[11]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census Sixpenny Handley parish—which includes the settlements of Gussage St Andrew, Woodcutts and Deanland—had 554 dwellings,[12] 532 households and a population of 1,233.[1]

The historic population of Sixpenny Handley parish from the censuses between 1921 and 2001 is shown in the table below.

Census Population of Sixpenny Handley Parish 1921—2001 (except 1941)
Census 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 724 719 783 732 680 820 1,030 1,170
Source:Dorset County Council[13]

Dorset County Council's 2012 mid-year estimate of the population of Sixpenny Handley parish is 1,240.[14]

Economy[edit]

Business units are provided at Town Farm Workshops and also at Manor Farm just outside the village. The village has a number of shops including a gift shop, hairdressers, butchers, post office and a small independent supermarket. There is a workshop garage which has no fuel pumps. There is a restaurant, two cafés, a pub and brewery.

Tourism[edit]

Sixpenny Handley is located on the B3081 road which has been described as providing "a magical driving experience",[15] and the village is a popular stop-over for touring. Cranborne Chase hosts a number of festivals including The Great Dorset Steam Fair, Larmer Tree Festival and the Cranborne Chase AONB Woodfair;[16] the village is always busy at these times. The village’s isolated position makes it popular with both walkers and star gazers.

Religion[edit]

The parish church of St Mary dates from the 14th century. It has been designated a Grade II* listed building.[17] St Marys is a Church of England Church. It is in the parish of St Mary’s, Sixpenny Handley, Gussage St Andrew and St Rumbold’s, Pentridge.[18] The Church yard is managed according to the Living Churchyards project.[19][20]

Sport and recreation[edit]

The village recreation field area includes a car park, sports pavilion, cricket pitch, football field, tennis court, bowling green, skate park, play park and the village hall.

There is a play park for toddlers in Keats Meadow.

The village has two allotment sites; both are managed by the village’s allotment committee.

Facilities[edit]

Handley has a doctor's surgery,[21] a post office and sorting office and a telephone exchange which supplies broadband internet connection. Handley is visited by the local library van and is on local bus routes. Handley is not on mains gas.

Clubs and societies[edit]

Sixpenny Handley has several clubs and societies including Women's Institute, Mother’s Union, bowls, tennis, football, cricket, cards, and Scouts.[22]

Sixpenny Handley First School in 2004

Education[edit]

Handley has a first school which takes children for reception and years one to four. Children generally feed into Cranborne Middle School and then QE[clarification needed] in Wimborne.

Community[edit]

The community magazine is "The Downsman".[23] The magazine includes news, articles it is supported by advertising and the Parish Council. The church magazine "The Seeker" is a four-page insert in The Downsman.

Most years see Handley host some sort of street party. For 2014 the Sixpenny Handley Waistcoat Festival[24] Committee has secured Heritage Lottery funding for an event remembering the Great Fire of Handley 1892[6][7] and the generosity of well-wishers, without whom the people of Handley would have suffered great hardships.

The village’s annual fireworks display is held close to Guy Fawkes Night at Church Farm Campsite. The event is run by First Woodcutts Scouts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area: Sixpenny Handley (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of England, (1975), An Inventory of Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: East, page 64
  3. ^ a b William White, (1879), Notes and queries: Volume 59, page 99. Oxford University Press
  4. ^ a b "'Sixpenny Handley', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 5: East (1975), pp. 64-72". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. November 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 28. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3. 
  6. ^ a b http://sixpennyhandley.com/why-waistcoats
  7. ^ a b http://sixpennyhandley.org/History_6dHandley.html
  8. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Pathfinder 1281 (ST 81/91), Shillingstone & Tollard Royal, published 1987
  9. ^ http://www.ccwwdaonb.org.uk/
  10. ^ http://www.rspb.org.uk/reserves/guide/g/garstonwood/
  11. ^ http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/ourwork/conservation/designations/nnr/1006100.aspx
  12. ^ "Area: Sixpenny Handley (Parish), Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Parishes (M-Z), 1921-2001 Census Years". Dorset County Council. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "Parish Population Data". Dorset County Council. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/4748471/Great-drives-The-B3081-from-Shepton-Mallet-to-Christchurch.html
  16. ^ http://www.woodfair.org/
  17. ^ "Church Of St Mary, High Street", Heritage Gateway (English Heritage), retrieved 2 October 2010 
  18. ^ http://www.handleychurch.org.uk/
  19. ^ http://www.arcworld.org/projects.asp?projectID=271
  20. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/mar/04/sixpenny-handley-dorset-wild-churchyard
  21. ^ http://www.sixpennydocs.co.uk/
  22. ^ http://www.firstwoodcutts.org.uk/
  23. ^ http://www.thedownsman.org.uk/
  24. ^ http://sixpennyhandley.com/home

External links[edit]