Sixteen Arhats

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The 16 Arhats, with various associated symbolic items; as depicted in a "gentle caricature" style Japanese painting, late 19th - early 20th century

The Sixteen Arhats (Japanese: 十六羅漢, Juroku Rakan) are a group of legendary Arhats in Buddhism; holy men who were predecessors or disciples of the Buddha.[1] The Sixteen Arhats are particular popular in Zen Buddhism, where they are treated as examples of behaviour.[2] They are sometimes increased to eighteen,[3] with the addition of Nandimitra and a second Pindola, or sometimes the translator Kumarajiva.

The sixteen Arhats are:

  • Pindolabharadrāja (賓度羅跋囉惰闍尊者, Bindora Baradāja sonja)
  • Kanakavatsa (迦諾迦伐蹉尊者, Kanakabassa sonja)
  • Kanakabharadrāja (迦諾迦跋釐堕闍尊者, Kanakabarudaja sonja)
  • Subinda (蘇頻陀尊者, Subinda sonja)
  • Nakula (諾距羅尊者, Nakola sonja)
  • Bhadra (跋陀羅尊者, Badara sonja)
  • Kālika (迦哩迦尊者, Kalika sonja)
  • Vajraputra (伐闍羅弗多羅尊者, Bajarabutara sonja)
  • Jīvaka (戎博迦尊者, Jubaka sonja)
  • Panthaka (半託迦尊者, Hantaka sonja)
  • Rāhula (囉怙羅尊者, Ragon sonja)
  • Nāgasena (那伽犀那尊者, Nagasena sonja)
  • Ańgaja (因掲陀尊者, Ingada sonja)
  • Vanavāsin (伐那婆斯尊者, Banabasu sonja)
  • Ajita (阿氏多尊者, Ajita sonja)
  • Cūdapanthaka (注荼半吒迦尊者, Chudahantaka sonja)

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]