Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

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Sixth National Population Census
Sixth China Population Census logo.jpg
Traditional Chinese 第六次全國人口普查
Simplified Chinese 第六次全国人口普查

The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.[1]

Census procedure[edit]

Census procedure was governed by the Regulations on National Population Census and the Circular of the State Council on the Conduct of the 6th National Population Census.[1] The census cost 700 million RMB.[2]

Results[edit]

Total population[edit]

Some of the forms used to collect census data

It found the total population of Mainland China to be 1,339,724,852 persons, an increase of 73,899,804 persons from the previous census conducted in 2000.[3] This represented a growth rate of 5.84% over the decade, and an average annual growth rate of 0.57%. The population undercount rate of the census was estimated at 0.12%. The census also listed the population of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region as 7,097,600 persons, the population of Macau Special Administrative Region as 552,300 persons, and the population of Taiwan as 23,162,123 persons.[1][4]

Population composition and demographics[edit]

The census found a total of 401,517,330 family households in Mainland China, with an average of 3.10 persons per household, a decrease of 0.34 persons from the 2000 census. 51.27% of the population is male, and 48.73% is female, giving a male to female ratio of 105.20 men for every 100 women, a decrease from the 2000 figure of 106.74. 49.68% of the population resided in urban areas, and 50.32% resided in rural areas, an increase of 13.46% in the proportion of the urban population. 261,386,075 people had lived in a place different from their household registration for at least six months, with 221,426,652 of these living in a different city from their registration.[1]

16.60% of the population was aged 0–14, 70.14% was aged 15–59, and 13.26% were aged 60 or over. This represented a decrease of 6.29% in the share of the population in the youngest age group, and increases of 3.36% and 2.93% for the 15-59 and 60+ shares, respectively. 91.51% of the population was of the Han Chinese nationality, and 8.49% was of other ethnic groups. The Han population increased by 5.74%, and the population of other groups increased by a combined 6.92%.[1]

Educational attainment[edit]

The census found that, in Mainland China, 119,636,790 people had completed higher education, 187,985,979 had completed only senior secondary education, 519,656,445 had completed only junior secondary education, 358,764,003 had completed only primary education, and 54,656,573 were illiterate. Since 2000, out of every 100,000 people, the number with higher education has increased from 3,611 to 8,930, the number with senior secondary education has increased from 11,146 to 14,032, the number with junior secondary education increased from 33,961 to 38,788, and the number of people with only primary education decreased from 35,701 to 26,779. The illiteracy rate declined from 6.72% to 4.08%.[1]

Population distribution[edit]

Map displaying provinces whose population as a proportion of Mainland China's total population increased (green) and decreased (red)
Rank
Administrative region
Population as of
2000 Census
[5]
Population as of
2010 Census[6]
Numerical change
Proportion
2000 Census[6]
Proportion
2010 Census[6]
1 Guangdong 85,225,007 104,303,132 Increase19,078,125 6.83% 7.79%
2 Shandong 89,971,789 95,793,065 Increase5,821,276 7.17% 7.15%
3 Henan 91,236,854 94,023,567 Increase2,786,713 7.31% 7.02%
4 Sichuan 82,348,296 80,418,200 Decrease1,930,096 6.58% 6.00%
5 Jiangsu 73,043,577 78,659,903 Increase5,616,326 5.88% 5.87%
6 Hebei 66,684,419 71,854,202 Increase5,169,783 5.33% 5.36%
7 Hunan 63,274,173 65,683,722 Increase2,409,549 5.09% 4.90%
8 Anhui 58,999,948 59,500,510 Increase500,562 4.73% 4.44%
9 Hubei 59,508,870 57,237,740 Decrease2,271,130 4.76% 4.27%
10 Zhejiang 45,930,651 54,426,891 Increase8,496,240 3.69% 4.06%
11 Guangxi 43,854,538 46,026,629 Increase2,172,091 3.55% 3.44%
12 Yunnan 42,360,089 45,966,239 Increase3,606,150 3.39% 3.43%
13 Jiangxi 40,397,598 44,567,475 Increase4,169,877 3.27% 3.33%
14 Liaoning 41,824,412 43,746,323 Increase1,921,911 3.35% 3.27%
15 Heilongjiang 36,237,576 38,312,224 Increase2,074,648 2.91% 2.86%
16 Shaanxi 35,365,072 37,327,378 Increase1,962,306 2.85% 2.79%
17 Fujian 34,097,947 36,894,216 Increase2,796,269 2.74% 2.75%
18 Shanxi 32,471,242 35,712,111 Increase3,240,869 2.60% 2.67%
19 Guizhou 35,247,695 34,746,468 Decrease501,227 2.78% 2.59%
20 Chongqing 30,512,763 28,846,170 Decrease1,666,593 2.44% 2.15%
21 Jilin 26,802,191 27,462,297 Increase660,106 2.16% 2.05%
22 Gansu 25,124,282 25,575,254 Increase450,972 2.02% 1.91%
23 Inner Mongolia 23,323,347 24,706,321 Increase1,382,974 1.88% 1.84%
24 Shanghai 16,407,734 23,019,148 Increase6,611,414 1.32% 1.72%
25 Xinjiang 18,459,511 21,813,334 Increase3,353,823 1.52% 1.63%
26 Beijing 13,569,194 19,612,368 Increase6,043,174 1.09% 1.46%
27 Tianjin 9,848,731 12,938,224 Increase3,089,493 0.79% 0.97%
28 Hainan 7,559,035 8,671,518 Increase1,112,483 0.62% 0.65%
29 Ningxia 5,486,393 6,301,350 Increase814,957 0.44% 0.47%
30 Qinghai 4,822,963 5,626,722 Increase803,759 0.41% 0.42%
31 Tibet 2,616,329 3,002,166 Increase385,837 0.21% 0.22%
Military 2,498,600 2,300,000 Decrease198,600
Residence Difficult to Determine 4,649,985
National total (excluding below) 1,245,110,826 1,339,724,852 Increase94,614,026 100% 100%
* Hong Kong S.A.R. 6,708,389 7,061,200 Increase352,811
* Macau S.A.R. 431,500 552,300 Increase120,800
* Taiwan Area 22,276,672 23,162,123 Increase885,451

Foreign nationals and residents of Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan[edit]

A breakdown of foreign nationals in Mainland China at the time of the census.[7]

The census also recorded 593,832 foreign nationals, 234,829 residents of Hong Kong SAR, 21,201 residents of Macau SAR, and 170,283 residents of Taiwan residing in Mainland China, a total of 1,020,145 additional persons. 605,821 of these were male, and 414,324 were female. Of the foreign nationals, 120,750 were from the Republic of Korea, 71,493 were from the United States, 66,159 were from Japan, 39,776 were from Myanmar, 36,205 were from Vietnam, 19,990 were from Canada, 15,087 were from France, 15,051 were from India, 14,446 were from Germany, and 13,286 were from Australia. The remaining 181,589 were from other countries.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census (No. 1)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 28, 2011. Archived from the original on November 8, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ Branigan, Tania (November 1, 2010). "China census could be first to record true population". The Guardian. Retrieved May 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ This figure excludes foreign nationals, residents of Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau temporarily staying in Mainland China, and Chinese citizens who have permanently settled abroad, but includes Chinese citizens who were temporarily abroad when the census was taken.
  4. ^ These three figures were obtained from the relevant authorities in each region.
  5. ^ "省、自治区、直辖市的分性别、户口登记状况的人口" (in zh-hans). National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 2001. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 29, 2011. Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Major Figures on Residents from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and Foreigners Covered by 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 29, 2011. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.