Sjöbo Municipality

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Sjöbo Municipality
Sjöbo kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Sjöbo Municipality
Coat of arms
Sjöbo Municipality in Scania County.png
Country Sweden
County Skåne County
Seat Sjöbo
Area[1]
 • Total 506.63 km2 (195.61 sq mi)
 • Land 492.17 km2 (190.03 sq mi)
 • Water 14.46 km2 (5.58 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 18,401
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Scania
Municipal code 1265
Website www.sjobo.se

Sjöbo Municipality (Sjöbo kommun) is a municipality in Skåne County in southern Sweden. Its seat is located in the town Sjöbo.

The present municipality was created in 1974 when the former market town (köping) Sjöbo was amalgamated with the surrounding rural municipalities. There are fifteen original entities within today's municipality.

Localities[edit]

There are 9 urban areas (also called a Tätort or locality) in Sjöbo Municipality.

In the table they are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005. The municipal seat is in bold characters.

# Locality Population
1 Sjöbo 6,364
2 Blentarp 1,144
3 Vollsjö 788
4 Lövestad 608
4 Sjöbo sommarby och Svansjö sommarby 608
6 Karups sommarby 316
7 Bjärsjölagård 311
8 Sövde 301
9 Äsperöd 226

Refugee controversy[edit]

Sjöbo Municipality reached the public eye in Sweden in 1988 when, under the leadership of the Municipal Commissioner Sven-Olle Olsson, it voted by a majority of 67% in a referendum that it would not accept foreign asylum seekers. Most other municipalities in Sweden accepted refugees that came from troubled countries such as former Yugoslavia and Iraq.[citation needed]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, immigration, high unemployment and the fiscal burdens on local governments who were obliged to integrate refugees, and the influence of Sjöbo Municipality's refusal to accept refugees in 1987, led to the adoption of a combined immigration and integration system in the "Aliens Act" of 1989.[3]

Town "centre" one may call it
The streets are long and straight in Sjöbo
The Old Church of Södra Åsum, just north of Sjöbo

Geography[edit]

The town of Sjöbo has flat terrain, with many small houses and three long straight streets stretching through it, leading to larger roads.

The northwestern part of the municipality includes the main part of Vombsjön, the largest lake of southern Scania and notable for being the water source of Malmö. Some parts of the lake belong to Lund Municipality. It offers fishing for European perch, pike, pikeperch and eel.[citation needed]

Activities[edit]

There are at least five (largely) authentic medieval churches from the 12th century in the municipality (in Södra Åsum, Tolånga, Björka, Blentarp and Everlöv). They are notable for not having undergone the severe restorations that many other churches in Scania suffered once the population began growing in the second half of the 19th century and Helgo Zetterwall was hired to expand on them.

Frescos which adorned the apse of Södra Åsum church and the ceilings of the churches in Everlöv and Illstrop centuries ago have been slowly uncovered in recent years. Many similar churches had their ornamentation stripped and their paintings plastered over as part of the iconoclasm of Sweden's adoption of Lutheranism.

Apart from religious activities, there is the annual festival Sjöbo marknad, which translates to English as Sjöbo fair. It was first held in 1864, and is now held in late July, attracting some 100,000 visitors, making it one of the largest country fairs in Sweden. It has carousels and is otherwise noted for its pottery vendors and trade.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 31 December 2013" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved April 2014. 
  3. ^ from Migration News, in what looks to be a review on the book Mechanisms of Immigration Control. A Comparative Analysis of European Regulation Policies, by Brochmann, Grete and Tomas Hammar. (Eds. 1999) Berg Publishers (http://www.berg.demon.co.uk/)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°42′N 13°12′E / 55.700°N 13.200°E / 55.700; 13.200