Skånland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Skånland kommune
Skániid suohkan
Municipality
View of Evenskjer
View of Evenskjer
Coat of arms of Skånland kommune
Coat of arms
Skånland within Troms
Skånland within Troms
Coordinates: 68°38′24″N 16°57′26″E / 68.64000°N 16.95722°E / 68.64000; 16.95722Coordinates: 68°38′24″N 16°57′26″E / 68.64000°N 16.95722°E / 68.64000; 16.95722
Country Norway
County Troms
District Central Hålogaland
Administrative centre Evenskjer
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Einar Aune (H)
Area
 • Total 495.07 km2 (191.15 sq mi)
 • Land 464.84 km2 (179.48 sq mi)
 • Water 30.23 km2 (11.67 sq mi)
Area rank 209 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 2,972
 • Rank 271 in Norway
 • Density 6.4/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -3.0 %
Demonym Skånlending[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1913
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.skanland.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Skånland (Northern Sami: Skánit) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. It is part of the Central Hålogaland region, just southeast of the city of Harstad. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Evenskjer. Other villages include Grovfjord, Renså, Sandstrand, and Tovik.

The river Tennevikelva, Skånland.

The Tjeldsund Bridge in Skånland connects the island of Hinnøya (the largest coastal island in Norway) to the Norwegian mainland.

General information[edit]

Map of Skånland and neighbouring municipalities

Skånland was established on 1 July 1926 when the large municipality of Trondenes was divided into three municipalities: Sandtorg, Skånland, and Trondenes. Skånland's initial population was 2,443. On 1 January 1964, the neighboring municipality of Astafjord (population: 1,120) was merged into Skånland. On the same date, the part of Skånland on the island of Rolla (population: 143) was transferred to neighboring Ibestad municipality.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality, and the parish, is named after the old Skånland farm (Old Norse: Skánøyjarland), since the first church (Skånland Church) was built there (in 1870). The first element is the genitive case of an old name Skánøy (but the meaning of this is uncertain) and the last element is land which means "land" or "farm". The name might be of Sami origin, meaning "small mountains" (skánit).[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1988). They show a black auger on a gold background. This was chosen since the production of augers, and their use in construction of boats, has long roots in the municipality.[4]

See also: coat-of-arms of Meland

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Skånland. It is part of the Trondenes deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Skånland
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Astafjord Astafjord Church Grov 1978
Skånland Skånland Church Evenskjer 1901
Tovik Tovik Church Tovik 1905

Economy[edit]

Autumn view of Novafjell (Nova mountain) in Skånland

Agriculture is important in Skånland, and there are also many people working in Harstad or at the Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes.

Geography[edit]

The municipality includes the western and northern part of the Ofoten peninsula, which is bordered by Ofotfjord in the south, Tjeldsundet in the west, and the Astafjorden and Vågsfjorden in the north. Neighbouring municipalities are Evenes to the south, Narvik in the southeast, Tjeldsund in Nordland to the southwest. Harstad in the northwest, across the Tjeldsundet, and Gratangen in the northeast, are located in Troms county. Evenskjer, located in the lowland bordering the Tjeldsundet strait, is the largest village. In the northern part is the smaller village of Grov. Other villages are Renså, Tovik and Sandstrand.

The largest lake is Skoddebergvatnet, and the highest mountain is Skittendalstinden at 1,306 metres (4,285 ft) in the mountainous center of the peninsula. There are calcareous pine forests near Skoddebergvatnet. The lake Niingsvatnet is located on the border with Evenes.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Evenskjer
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.1
(30)
−0.9
(30.4)
0.9
(33.6)
4.2
(39.6)
9.6
(49.3)
13.4
(56.1)
15.9
(60.6)
15.0
(59)
10.8
(51.4)
6.2
(43.2)
2.2
(36)
0.2
(32.4)
6.4
(43.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−3.4
(25.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
1.6
(34.9)
6.4
(43.5)
10.0
(50)
12.4
(54.3)
11.9
(53.4)
8.0
(46.4)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
−5.0
(23)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.7
(36.9)
6.8
(44.2)
9.2
(48.6)
8.4
(47.1)
4.8
(40.6)
1.1
(34)
−2.9
(26.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.4
(32.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 77
(3.03)
69
(2.72)
57
(2.24)
46
(1.81)
39
(1.54)
42
(1.65)
64
(2.52)
67
(2.64)
74
(2.91)
103
(4.06)
77
(3.03)
85
(3.35)
800
(31.5)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.9 13.8 12.6 10.2 8.4 11.0 13.6 13.5 15.2 15.8 13.8 15.0 156.8
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 14. 
  4. ^ "Troms fylke-beskrivelse" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  5. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]