|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2007)|
|Stylistic origins||Ska, punk rock, 2 Tone, hardcore punk|
|Cultural origins||late-1970s United Kingdom and United States|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar, electric bass, keyboards, trumpet, trombone, saxophone, drums|
Ska punk is a fusion music genre that combines ska and punk rock. It achieved its highest level of commercial success in the United States in the late 1990s. Ska-core (sometimes spelled skacore) is a subgenre of ska punk, blending ska with hardcore punk.
The more punk-influenced style of ska punk often features faster tempos, guitar distortion, onbeat punk rock-style interludes (usually the chorus), and punk-style vocals. The more ska-influenced style features a more developed instrumentation and a cleaner vocal and musical sound. Common instruments include electric guitar, electric bass, drums, brass instruments, reed instruments and keyboards.
Ska and punk rock were first combined in the 2 Tone movement of late-1970s England, which featured bands such as The Specials, The Selecter, The Beat and Madness. The fusion of the two music genres, however, became most prevalent in the 1980s, during the third wave of ska.
Fishbone, founded in 1979 in Los Angeles, is widely considered a pioneer of the ska punk genre. Fishbone was followed by bands such as The Mighty Mighty Bosstones, founded in 1983 in Boston; Culture Shock, founded in 1986 in Warminster, England; Operation Ivy, founded in 1987 in Berkeley, California; Voodoo Glow Skulls founded in 1988 in Riverside, California; and Citizen Fish founded in 1990 in Bath, England. The Offspring and Rancid have also played ska punk songs.
No Doubt gained mainstream popularity after the release of their 1995 album Tragic Kingdom, and Sublime did the same after the release of their 1996 self-titled album. Both albums went platinum multiple times, with No Doubt going on to diamond certification. The Mighty Mighty Bosstones appeared in the 1995 movie Clueless, and their 1997 album Let's Face It went platinum. Less Than Jake songs were included in the soundtracks of the 1997 films Scream 2 and Good Burger. Reel Big Fish performed songs in the 1998 movie BASEketball, and Save Ferris appeared in the 1999 film 10 Things I Hate About You.
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- Cmj Network, Inc (2000). "United Colors of Beantown". CMJ New Music Monthly (81): 47. "Cut for cut, Pay Attention is another step in songwriting evolution for the once-plaid-clad architects of the fusion of punk rock and Afro-Caribbean dance music known as skacore."
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- Huey, Steve. The Mighty Mighty Bosstones - Biography. Allmusic. Retrieved December 14, 2011.