Lake Skadar

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Lake Skadar
Lake Shkodër / Lake Scutari
Lac de Shkodra.jpg
Location AlbaniaMontenegro border
Coordinates 42°10′N 19°19′E / 42.167°N 19.317°E / 42.167; 19.317Coordinates: 42°10′N 19°19′E / 42.167°N 19.317°E / 42.167; 19.317
Primary inflows Morača
Primary outflows Bojana
Basin countries Albania, Montenegro
Max. length 48 km (30 mi)
Max. width 14 km (8.7 mi)
Surface area 370 km² – 530 km²
Max. depth 44 m (144 ft)
Surface elevation 6 m (20 ft)
References
Designated: 2 February 2006

Lake Skadar (Albanian: Liqeni i Shkodrës, pronounced [liˈcɛni i ˈʃkɔdrəs]; Montenegrin and Serbian: Скадарско језеро, Skadarsko jezero, pronounced [skâdarskɔː jɛ̂zɛrɔ]) — also called Lake Scutari, Lake Shkodër and Lake Shkodra — lies on the border of Albania and Montenegro, the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula. It is named after the city of Shkodër in northern Albania (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian: Скадар, Skadar, Italian: Scutari). It is a karst lake.

Geography[edit]

The lake's surface, 6 m (20 ft) above sea level, can vary between 370 km2 (140 sq mi) and 530 km2 (200 sq mi), of which 2/3 is in Montenegro. The lake is a cryptodepression, filled by the river Morača and drained into the Adriatic by the 41 km (25 mi) long Bojana (Albanian: Buna), which forms the international border on the lower half of its length. There are additionally some fresh water sources at the lake bottom. Some small islands like Beška, with two churches on it and Grmožur, a former fortress and prison can be found on the southwest side of the lake.

Lake Skadar National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Lake Skadar.png
Lake Shkodra and surrounding area
Location Albania, Montenegro
Area 400 km2 (150 sq mi) (40.000 ha)
Established 1983

The Montenegrin part of the lake and its surrounding area were declared a national park in 1983. The Albanian part has been designated as a Managed Nature Reserve. In 1996, by Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, it was included in the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance.[1] Near the mouth of Rijeka Crnojevića, 11 m (36 ft) below the surface of the water there is a well preserved wreck of the steamboat Skanderbeg sank by Partisans in 1942, during the Second World War.[2]

Fauna[edit]

Lake Skadar is one of the largest bird reserves in Europe, having 270 bird species, among which are some of the last pelicans in Europe, and thus popular with birders. The lake also contains habitats of seagulls and herons and is abundant in fish, especially in carp, bleak and eel. Of the 34 native fish species, 7 are endemic to Lake Skadar.[3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramsar (August 4, 2010). "The list of wetlands of international importance" (in English and Spanish). Ramsar. p. 5. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Vukotić, Jovan D. (1983). Borbena dejstva u savlađivanju vodenih prepreka u NOR-u: 1941-1945. Vojnoizdavački zavod. p. 14. "Батаљон Ловћенског НОП одреда »Царев Лаз« је у са- дејству са деловима батаљона »13. јули« 12. фебруара 1942. извршио препад на италијански пароброд »Скендербег« на Скадарском језеру и ..." 
  3. ^ Talevski, Milošević, Marić, Petrović, Talevska and Talevska (2009). Biodiversity of Ichtyofauna from Lake Prespa, Lake Ohrid and Lake Skadar. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 23(2). ISSN 1310-2818

External links[edit]