Ukrainian Drama Theatre

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Ukrainian Drama Theater
Національний академічний український драматичний театр імені Марії Заньковецької
Театр М.Заньковецької Львів.JPG
Facade of the theater, 2008
Former names Teatr Skarbkowski (1842-1944)
Alternative names Zankovetska Drama Theater
General information
Status National Academic
Architectural style Neoclassical architecture
Address vulytsia Lesi Ukrainky, 1
Town or city Lviv
Country Ukraine
Coordinates Coordinates: 49°50′38″N 24°01′38″E / 49.84395°N 24.027244°E / 49.84395; 24.027244
Current tenants Theatrical troupe
Groundbreaking 1832
Construction started 1837
Completed 1842
Owner Government of Ukraine
Landlord Ministry of Culture
Technical details
Floor area 95.45 m × 76.25 m (313 ft × 250 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Jan Salzmann and Ludwig Pichl
Other information
Seating type Theater
Seating capacity 1,460
Website
Official website

Ukrainian Drama Theatre (Ukrainian: Національний академічний український драматичний театр імені Марії Заньковецької, Natsionalnyi akademichnyi ukrayinskyi dramatychnyi teatr imeni Mariyi Zankovetskoyi; Polish: Teatr Skarbkowski) is a drama theater in the very center of Lviv city, Ukraine at the intersection of Lesya Ukrayinka Street and Prospekt Svobody. The building was established in the mid 19th century and until World War I was used as a theater and a session hall of the regional council.

History[edit]

Skarbek Theater, Lwów, water-colour by T. Rybrovsky, 1900
Perspective of Lesya Ukrayinka Street from Prospekt Svobody in 2005, to the left is the Ukrainian Drama Theater

Skarber Theater and Diet of Galicia[edit]

It was founded by Count Stanisław Skarbek, who as early as 1819 had applied for permission from the Austrian Imperial authorities.[1] Construction of the theatre’s neoclassical building began in 1837, the project was designed by architects Jan Salzmann and Ludwig Pichl.[2] The complex was built in the location of bastions, which surrounded the Lower Castle and its foundation was made of 16,000 oak logs. In 1842 it was the third biggest building of Central Europe.[3] Apart from the theatre itself, the complex also included apartments, for such famous personalities as Artur Grottger and Juliusz Kossak. On the opening day, March 28, 1842, a Franz Grillparzer play in the German language was presented, and on the next day, Aleksander Fredro's play Sluby panienskie was presented, this time in Polish.[1]

In initial years, plays both in Polish and German were presented, and this lasted until 1871, when all German plays were withdrawn and the theatre became a Polish-language only. In 1872, operas were also presented, which made Skarbek Theatre the sole opera scene in Galicia.

In late years of the 19th century, the complex became obsolete, and in 1900, it was replaced by a brand new building of the Grand Theatre. Skarbek Theatre was turned into a philharmonic, then into a cinema. Currently, it is home of the Ukrainian Dramatic Theatre of Maria Zankowiecka. On May 18, 2008, celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the Polish People's Theater of Lviv took place in the complex, with performance of a play by Marian Hemar.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Teatralia3 - Teatr Skarbkowski". Teatry.art.pl. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  2. ^ "SEMPER FIDELIS - Okoliczności powstania i otwarcia Teatru Wielkiego we Lwowie". Lwow.com.pl. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Jublileusz Polskiego Teatru we Lwowie". Lwow.com.pl. 2008-08-31. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 

External links[edit]