Kneževo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Bore Škeljić (SDS) |
|• Total||332,9 km2 (1,285 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||31,3/km2 (810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Website||Official Kneževo Municipality Website|
In 1992, during the Bosnian War, the town was renamed from Skender Vakuf (approx. "Skender's Endowment") to Kneževo ("Prince's Town") as part of the "language war" or "linguistic cleansing". (The old, "Bosnian" name remains in use in some circles, but is not mentioned once on the municipality's home page.)
The area was settled already in the Roman era, as is indicated by the remains of Roman Basilicas in Imljani and Javorani, and remains of the Roman road from Servitium (Banja Luka) to Levsaba (Travnik) were also found in the vicinity. Tombstones of Stećak type date back into the 14th/15th century, when the area was part of the Kingdom of Bosnia. The most famous are from the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1463 the town became part of the Ottoman Empire and Islam was to become the dominant religion of the region. The charitable endowment (vakuf) that is reflected in the town's traditional name Skender Vakuf (after Ali-dedo Skender) contributed to urbanization. The Old Mosque was significant and one of the first in the region. It was destroyed, along with the New Mosque, in the Bosnian War in 1992. A significant holy site of Islam is also nearby, in Ajvatovica.
Kneževo is located between the rivers Ugar, Vrbas and Vrbanja and surrounded by the mountain chains of Čemernica, Ranča in the west, Vlašić in the south and Ježica in the north-east. The municipality has an official altitude of 864 metres (2,835 ft), but really ranges from 600 to 1,493 metres (1,969 to 4,898 ft). Kneževo is 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Banja Luka by the M56 motorway.
Neighbouring municipalities are Čelinac (extreme north), Kotor Varoš (east), Travnik, Dobretići, Jajce (south), Mrkonjić Grad and the city of Banja Luka (west). The southern border is defined by the border of the Republika Srpska with the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's other entity. The mountainous region in the south is forested and impracticable; its limestone mountains reach a height of 1,493 metres (4,898 ft).
The municipality is subdivided into Javorani, Bastaji, Kneževo, Živinice, Imljani, Vlatković, Mokri Lug, Šolaji and Kostici. Since 1995 the former south-western subdivisions of Davidovići, Dobretići, Kričići and Melina are part of the municipality of Dobretići in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Note:After 1961 the municipal borders changed. The municipality became significantly larger.|
After the war majority of old Skender Vakuf municipality became part of Republic of Srpska, as Kneževo. Part of the municipality which included four Croatian settlements (almost all of Croatian population in prewar municipality) became part of Federation of Bosnia - Hercegovina is new municipality - Dobretići.
Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Brnjići, Bunar, Čarići, Ćukovac, Davidovići, Dobratići, Donji Orašac, Golo Brdo, Gornji Orašac, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Kričići - Jejići, Melina, Mijatovići, Milaševci, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Pavlovići, Prisika, Rađići, Skender Vakuf, Slipčevići, Šolaji, Vitovlje Malo, Vlatkovići, Vukovići, Zapeće, Zasavica, Zubovići i Živinice.
Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Čarići, Ćukovac, Golo Brdo, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Malići, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Rađići, Kneževo (Skender Vakuf), Šolaji, Vlatkovići i Živinice.
- Galijaš, Arminia (2009), Eine Stadt im Krieg. Der Wandel der bosnischen Stadt Banja Luka (1990–1995), Universität Wien
- NZZ Folio (6), 99 http://www.nzzfolio.ch/www/d80bd71b-b264-4db4-afd0-277884b93470/showarticle/8d25e56a-75ec-4f18-9e12-0007ba8a9c50.aspx
|url=missing title (help) .
- Doder, Dusko (4 May 1993), "Warring Bosnia factions practice linguistic cleansing of geographic names", Baltimore Sun. The source refers to the following as the original announcement: Službeni glasnik Republike Srpske (17), 9 November 1992: 721.
- E.g. UN map of Bosnia-Herzegovina from March 2007.
- Language Evolution in Bosnia
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