Kneževo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
Location within Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Bore Škeljić (SDS)|
|• Total||332,9 km2 (1,285 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||31,3/km2 (810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Website||Official Kneževo Municipality Website|
Kneževo (Serbian Cyrillic: Кнежево) is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It lies about 40 kilometres (25 mi) south-east of Banja Luka and is part of the Republika Srpska entity.
The name of the town prior to the Yugoslav Wars was Skender Vakuf ("Skender's Endowment"). On 14 September 1992, the Assembly of Republika Srpska renamed it to Kneževo ("Prince's Town") as part of the "language war" or "linguistic cleansing". The old name remains in use in some circles, but is not mentioned once on the municipality's home page.
Kneževo is located between the rivers Ugar, Vrbas and Vrbanja and surrounded by the mountain chains of Čemernica, Ranča in the west, Vlašić in the south and Ježica in the north-east. The municipality has an official altitude of 864 metres (2,835 ft), but really ranges from 600 to 1,493 metres (1,969 to 4,898 ft). Kneževo is 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Banja Luka by the M56 motorway.
Neighbouring municipalities are Čelinac (extreme north), Kotor Varoš (east), Travnik, Dobretići, Jajce (south), Mrkonjić Grad and the city of Banja Luka (west). The southern border is defined by the border of the Republika Srpska with the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's other entity. The mountainous region in the south is forested and impracticable; its limestone mountains reach a height of 1,493 metres (4,898 ft).
Today, the Kneževo municipality includes Bastaji, Bekići, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Vlatkovići, Golo Brdo, Gornji Korićani, Doline, Donji Korićani, Živinice, Imljani, Javorani, Kneževo, Kobilja, Korićani, Kostići, Milovići, Mokri Lug, Pavlovići, Paunovići, Ravni Sto, Rađići, Ćeleši, Ćukovac, Čarići, Šolaji.
Roman basilica have been found in Imljani and Javorani, and remains of the Roman road from Servitium (Banja Luka) to Levsaba (Travnik) were also found in the vicinity. Tombstones of the Stećak type date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, when the area was part of the Kingdom of Bosnia. In 1463 the town became part of the Ottoman Empire and Islam was to become the dominant religion of the region. The charitable endowment (vakuf) that is reflected in the town's traditional name Skender Vakuf (after Ali-dedo Skender) contributed to urbanization.[better source needed] The Old Mosque was significant and one of the first in the region. It was destroyed, along with the New Mosque, in 1992 during the Bosnian War.
In the Korićani Cliffs massacre of 21 August 1992, some 200 Bosniaks and Croats detainees were massacred by the Bosnian Serbs Police and Army forces (in deep cliff in the canyon of Ilomska) river. After the Bosnian War, part of the municipality was split off to form the Dobretići municipality of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity.
|This section requires expansion. (September 2014)|
|Note:After 1961 the municipal borders changed. The municipality became significantly larger.|
After the war, the majority of the old Skender Vakuf municipality became part of the new Kneževo municipality of the Republika Srpska entity. Four Croatian pre-war settlements became part of the new Dobretići municipality of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity.
- Radojka Lakić, National Hero of Yugoslavia
- Luka Radetić, National Hero of Yugoslavia
- Dujko Komljenović, National Hero of Yugoslavia
- Lazar Tešanović, Chetnik officer, born in Javorani
- Željko Raljić, journalist
- Momir Ćelić, professor
- Tihomir Radetić, film director
According to the 1991 census, the municipality consisted of: Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Brnjići, Bunar, Čarići, Ćukovac, Davidovići, Dobratići, Donji Orašac, Golo Brdo, Gornji Orašac, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Kričići - Jejići, Melina, Mijatovići, Milaševci, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Pavlovići, Prisika, Rađići, Skender Vakuf, Slipčevići, Šolaji, Vitovlje Malo, Vlatkovići, Vukovići, Zapeće, Zasavica, Zubovići and Živinice.
In 1995, the municipality included Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Čarići, Ćukovac, Golo Brdo, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Malići, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Rađići, Kneževo, Šolaji, Vlatkovići and Živinice; the south-western settlements of Davidovići, Dobretići, Kričići and Melina became part of the municipality of Dobretići in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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- http://www.trial-ch.org/en/trial watch/profile/db/facts/milorad_skrbic_801.html
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- Masakr na Korićanskim stijenama
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