Skiing in Lebanon

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Skiing in Lebanon has been a popular sport since an engineering student returning from studying in Switzerland brought back with him the sport of skiing to Lebanon in the early twentieth century.[1]

Overview[edit]

The Cedars Ski Resort

Lebanon, a mountainous country with summits reaching heights of over 10,000 feet,[2] is often referred to as the "Switzerland of the East".[3] Lebanon is home to six well-equipped,[4] well-maintained[5] ski resorts, located on the Mount Lebanon range that faces the Mediterranean and offers terrific downhill ski slopes.[6][7] The six resorts have a combined 49 ski lifts with pistes totaling 300 km in length.[8] Lebanon's ski resorts are accessible on a day trip with the nearest ski resorts less than an hour's drive from the capital, Beirut.[9] The sociable Lebanese ensure that the après-ski scene is as memorable as the skiing.[5] A seventh ski field, a steep and rugged one that is suitable for the most intrepid skiers only, is at Mount Hermon,[10] but due to the political situation with Israel and Syria, the field has never been developed into a resort. In 2005, plans for a US$1 billion skiing resort, Sannine Zenith, were revealed.[11]

History[edit]

Winter in the Anti-Lebanon mountains

Skiing was introduced to Lebanon in 1913 when Ramez Ghazzoui, a Lebanese engineer, returned from his studies in Switzerland and introduced his friends to the sport in the mountains near Aley in Mount Lebanon.[12][13][14] In 1934, Le Club Libanais, the first ski club in Lebanon, was founded by Mauritius Tabet, Mounir Itani, and sisters Andrée Khasho and Aimée Kettaneh.[13][14] The following year, the French Army established the first ski school at Le Grand Cèdre hotel at the Cedars of God in northern Lebanon.[8][12][13][14] In 1937, the school moved to a high mountain barracks, and would later become known as the Military Ski School.[13]

By the 1940s, Lebanon had established competitions, clubs, and ski schools throughout the country, and began competing at an international level.[15] James Riddell, the British champion skier who was often called the Father of Modern Ski Journalism, administered in 1942 a ski and mountaineering school for the Australian 9th Army at the Cedars of God.[1] In 1947, Lebanon competed for the first time at the international championship in Chamonix, France, with Michel Samen carrying the Lebanese flag.[13] One year later, Lebanon competed in the Winter Olympic Games for the first time at the 1948 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland.[16] Four athletes competed – Mounir Itani, Jean Samen, Abdelwahab El Rifai and Ibrahim Geagea.

In 1959, the resort of Oyoune el Simane known today as Mzaar Kfardebian was started [17]

1961 saw the official establishment of the Lebanese Ski Federation under President Dr. Emile Riachi.

In 1967 and 1972 the federation cooperated with the Lebanese Army to host the World Championship of Military Ski.

From 1962 until the eruption of the civil war in 1975, a World Cup Competition named “Semaine Internationale du Ski aux Cedres” took place yearly in The Cedars and attracted the world’s most prestigious champions

Lebanese skiing history was at its peak in 1967 when the 26th annual International Ski Federation (ISF) conference was held in Beirut.

At the time of its construction in 1974, Faqra Club, which was built at the foot of Mount Sannine with the help of Swiss architects, was one of the premier private skiing resorts in the world.[18] With altitudes ranging between 1700 and 2000 meters, the resort offered a dozen pistes of varying levels that permitted skiers to enjoy the sport day and night.[18] On clear days, one could see the Mediterranean and the capital, Beirut, from the summits.[18]

In 1993, the Lebanese-American, Richard Elias initiated the International Peace Ski, in which he led a group of thirteen professional skiers from ten different countries to ski in Lebanon.[1]

Lebanese skiers have participated in the Winter Olympic Games since 1948 and in World Championships: Innsbruck (1964), Greece (1967), Sapporo (1972), Innsbruck (1976), Grenoble (1969), Lake Placid (1980), Calgary (1988) and Albertville (1992).

Ski Resorts[edit]

The Cedars of God

Season[edit]

The ski season, which is similar to the Alps, typically runs from mid-December to April, depending on the length and depth of snowfall.[15][19] In spring, it is sometimes possible to snow ski in the morning and drive to the coast in the afternoon to water ski.[9][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Anthony, Leslie. White Planet: A Mad Dash Through Modern Global Ski Culture, page 122
  2. ^ Magnetti and Sigler. An introduction to the Near East
  3. ^ Davis, Craig S. The Middle East For Dummies
  4. ^ Etheredge, Laura. Syria, Lebanon and Jordan, page 224
  5. ^ a b Carter, Dunston, and Humphreys. Syria and Lebanon, page 357
  6. ^ Goldstein, Margaret J. Lebanon in Pictures, page 57
  7. ^ Abigail Fielding-Smith (2008-06-14). "Fears of al-Qaeda forging links in Lebanon". the Scottsman. 
  8. ^ a b Lebanese Ministry of Enivornment (2001). "Lebanon State of the Environment Report 2001 - Tourism and Recreation"
  9. ^ a b Boueri, Boutros, and Sayad. Lebanon A to Z: A Middle Eastern Mosaic, page 57
  10. ^ Kennen, Isaiah L. Near East Report: Volumes 7-8
  11. ^ http://www.bi-me.com/main.php?id=855&t=1
  12. ^ a b William Tracy, Saudi Aramco World, Volume 17, Number 1 (January/February, 1966). "Ski Lebanon!". Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c d e Federation Libanaise de Ski. "Histoire". Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  14. ^ a b c Hiver.com. "Regions/International - Liban". Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  15. ^ a b Frank Coles, guardian.co.uk (March 30, 2006). "Secret skiing". Retrieved July 9, 2008
  16. ^ Comité Olympique Suisse (January 1951). Rapport Général sur les Ves Jeux Olympiques d'hiver St-Moritz 1948 (PDF) (in French). Lausanne: H. Jaunin. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  17. ^ Skiing Heritage Journal - Winter 1996, page 24
  18. ^ a b c Le Petit Futé Liban, page 195
  19. ^ Carter, Dunston, and Humphreys. Syria and Lebanon, page 382
  20. ^ Aikman, David. The Mirage of Peace: Understanding the Never-Ending Conflict in the Middle East, page 48

External links[edit]