Skipsea

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Coordinates: 53°58′42″N 0°13′13″W / 53.978292°N 0.220339°W / 53.978292; -0.220339

Skipsea
Skipsea is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Skipsea
Skipsea
 Skipsea shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 693 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference TA168550
Civil parish Skipsea
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DRIFFIELD
Postcode district YO25
Dialling code 01262
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament East Yorkshire
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Skipsea is a village and civil parish on the North Sea coast of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of Bridlington and 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Hornsea on the B1242 road at its junction with the B1249 road.

The civil parish is formed by the village of Skipsea and the hamlets of Skipsea Brough and Dringhoe. According to the 2011 UK census, Skipsea parish had a population of 693,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 633.[2]

Just to the west of the village, in an area known as Skipsea Brough, lies Skipsea Castle. Built in 1086, the motte-and-bailey style castle has since been destroyed; however impressive earthworks remain.

History[edit]

Motte of Skipsea Castle

The first recorded appearance of the name Skipsea is in the 12th century and the name is of Scandinavian origin, but the actual town-site has been in use much longer.[3] This is of no real surprise, as this part of the English coast was frequented by Viking invaders before the Norman Conquest. There is some evidence that the name Skipsea refers to its original Viking meaning of "Ship Lake", but the closest literal meaning of Skipsea is "a lake navigable by ships".[3] This name refers to the village's original location on the edge of a lake, which was suitable for navigation and eel-fishing,[4] that was slightly inland from the sea. This land has since been lost because of erosion, making Skipsea a seaside Village.[3] There is evidence of habitation dating back to the Stone and Bronze Ages because of the 19th century archaeological discovery of platforms, presumably for huts.[3]

The borough of Skipsea Castle was first recorded between 1160 and 1175 and may have been founded by William le Gros, Count of Aumale, who died in 1179.[4]

By the end of the 11th century, both Skipsea Castle and a church had been built, which encouraged the growth of a small town.[3] In the following 13th and 14th centuries, local markets and fairs were granted "variously for Skipsea town, Skipsea manor, and Skipsea Brough manor, presumably all the same and possibly by then meaning Skipsea village".[3]

The parish church of All Saints was designated in 1966 by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[5]

The village is also famous for being a possible site for nuclear testing in the 1950s, yet the scientists at Aldermaston relented after strong opposition by the local community.[6][7]

The Royal Observer Corps used Skipsea as a site for a Cold War observation post. The site was active from October 1959 until its decommissioning in September 1991. The site lay derelict until it was restored by an enthusiast in October 2008.

Currently, the economy of Skipsea is based on agriculture and tourism.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Skipsea CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Skipsea CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Victoria County History: A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 7: Holderness Wapentake, Middle and North Divisions: 'North division: Skipsea'". British History Online. 2002. Retrieved 6 February 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c "Skipsea Castle". Archived from the original on 10 September 2004. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  5. ^ English Heritage. "Church of All Saints (1083824)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 August 2013 .
  6. ^ "QI + DND = UK". Best Western. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Skipsea Tourist Information". Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 10.