Skoda houfnice vz 14

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The Skoda houfnice vz 14 ("Howitzer model 1914") and Skoda houfnice vz 14/19 (Howitzer model 1914/1919) were 100mm [3.93-inch] mountain howitzers made in Czechoslovakia by the famed Skoda works.

Skoda houfnice vz 14[edit]

Spanish nationalists' artillery on march, probably Obice da 100/17 modelo 14

The Skoda houfnice vz 14 was created in 1914. It was used by the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Army during World War One. Large numbers were acquired by Italy after the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Statistics[edit]

Caliber: 100mm
Length of Piece: 1.93 m [L/19 Calibres or ? inches]
Weight: ? kg. (When Travelling); 1350 kg. (In Action).
Range: 8,400 m
Traverse: 6°
Elevation: -8° to +50°
Weight of Shell: 14 kg.

Other Designations[edit]

  • Called the 10 cm M. 14 Feldhaubitze ("100mm Model 1914 Field Howitzer") in Austro-Hungarian service from 1914 to 1918.
  • Called the Obice da 100/17 modelo 14 in Italian service from 1919 to 1943.
  • Called the 10cm leichte Feld-Haubitze 315 (Italienische) or 10cm leFH315(i) ("100m Light Field Howitzer No.315 (Italian)") in German service during World War Two from 1943 to 1945.

Skoda houfnice vz 14/19[edit]

Haubica Skoda 100 mm wz.1914/19
In Slovakian museum
Greek modification

An improved version created in 1919 after the war. It was sold to many nations before 1938, including Greece, Hungary, Poland, and Yugoslavia. Some versions had rubber tires so they could be pulled by trucks but most retained wooden spoked-wheels so they could be pulled by mule teams.

Germany captured a lot of them when they conquered Czechoslovakia and Poland and seized some while fighting in Italy, Yugoslavia, Hungary, and Greece. They were relegated to second-line service and incorporated into defensive lines and fortifications after 1942.

Statistics[edit]

Caliber: 100mm
Length of Piece: 2.4 m [L/24 Calibres or 94.5 inches]
Weight: 2025 kg. (When Travelling); 1505 kg. (In Action).
Range: 9970 m
Traverse: 5.5°
Elevation: - 7.5° to + 48°
Weight of Shell: 14 kg.

Other Designations[edit]

  • Called the Obice da 100/22 modello 14/19 in Italian service from 1930's? to 1943.
  • Called the 10cm leichte Feld-Haubitze 14/19 (Tschechische) or 10cm leFH 14/19(t) ("100m Light Field Howitzer 14/19 (Czechoslovakian)") in German service during World War Two from 1938 to 1945. Captured Polish models were designated 10cm leFH 14/19(p), Greek models were designated 10cm leFH 318(g), and Yugoslavian models were designated 10cm leFH 316(j).

References[edit]

  • Chris Bishop (editor). The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II: The comprehensive guide to over 1,500 Weapon Systems, including Tanks, Small Arms, Warplanes, Artillery, Ships, and Submarines. Metrobooks (2002) p.142.