|Directed by||Herbert Wise|
|Produced by||Robert Berger|
|Written by||Ernest Kinoy|
|Music by||Ralph Berliner|
|Editing by||Stephen A. Rotter|
|Production company||Titus Productions|
|Release date||November 17, 1981|
|Running time||125 minutes|
The film premiered in the US on November 17, 1981. It was shown on the Israeli Educational television in the 1980s and on German television on March 3, 1997.
The peace of Skokie, a comfortable Chicago suburb, is threatened when Frank Collin (George Dzundza), a politically astute neo-Nazi organizer, selects the place as the site of his next rally. Close to 40 percent of the town’s population is Jewish, and many of them are survivors of the Holocaust. They see the march as a warning and reminder of their days as concentration camp prisoners.
The Jewish community decides to stand against the rally at all cost to make sure that the Holocaust will never be forgotten or allowed to happen again.
Moderate leaders Bert Silverman (Eli Wallach) and Abbot Rosen (Carl Reiner) advise the Jewish community to ignore the neo-Nazis; the strategy they put forward is “quarantine”, isolating the meeting by totally ignoring the neo-Nazi presence and refusing to be provoked. The logic is simple: if the Jewish community refuses to acknowledge the rally and thus refuses to feed the media any publicity, the meeting will be futile and eventually forgotten.
However, one citizen challenges their argument. A Holocaust survivor, Max Feldman (Danny Kaye), says that he was told to ignore the Nazis nearly 40 years ago in Germany, and before he knew it he was in a concentration camp. He says this time he will take action, and he is ready to shed blood if necessary. Led by this de facto spokesman, most members of the community agree to protest. The film spans a year and a half of legal battles and explores the meaning of freedom and First Amendment in the United States of America.
Analysis and background
The film intermixes real and fictional characters and events, including fictionalizing aspects of some of the main characters. For example, American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) lawyer "Herb Lewisohn" (played by actor John Rubinstein) is fictional, apparently based on attorney (and later law professor) David A. Goldberger who argued the case in real life, while ACLU national lawyer Aryeh Neier (played by actor Stephen D. Newman) is a real person. Similarly, Holocaust survivor "Max Feldman" is fictional, while Holocaust survivor Sol Goldstein (played by actor David Hurst) is a real person. Although filmed after it became public knowledge that the neo-Nazi leader Frank Collin was actually an ethnic Jew, the film makes no mention of this fact. Nor is any mention made of Collin's 1979 conviction for child molestation.
- American Civil Liberties Union
- Heckler's veto
- Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center
- Jewish Defense League
- National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie
- "David A. Goldberger, Isadore and Ida Topper Professor Emeritus of Law". Moritz College of Law, Ohio State University. Retrieved 2010-09-19.
- Strum, Philippa (1999). When the Nazis Came to Skokie: Freedom for Speech We Hate. Landmark Law Cases and American Society. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-0941-3.