Skokloster Castle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Skokloster Castle
Skoklosterslott666.JPG
The castle in 2006
Skokloster Castle is located in Sweden
Skokloster Castle
Location within Sweden
General information
Architectural style Baroque
Town or city Håbo Municipality
Country Sweden
Coordinates 59°42′11″N 17°37′17″E / 59.70306°N 17.62139°E / 59.70306; 17.62139

Skokloster Castle is located on Lake Mälaren between Stockholm and Uppsala. It was built in the Baroque style between 1654 and 1676 by the wealthy military commander and count Carl Gustaf Wrangel. The castle was designed mainly by architect Caspar Vogel, but other architects involved were Jean de la Vallée and Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. When Wrangel died, the castle passed into the hands of the Brahe family. In 1967 the castle and its contents were sold by the family to the Swedish government; the family still resides here but part of the estate is now run as a museum.

The Castle and its planned surroundings ca 1690-1710.

The castle is a monument to the Swedish Age of Greatness, a period in the middle of the 17th century when Sweden expanded to became one of the major powers in Europe. The death of Wrangel in 1676 meant that the castle was never truly completed. The Brahe family who inherited the castle after Wrangel's death, had their own family castles and did not complete the interiors. Thus the large banqueting hall remains in the same condition as the builders left it in the summer of 1676, complete with their tools. Skokloster Castle is the only building in Europe with a complete 17th-century building site of equal authenticity. Some rooms in the castle are unchanged since the time when the castle was first built. Others have been preserved using the same materials and building techniques as used in the 17th century.

The interiors of the castle are considered to be especially well preserved, despite being made of original material much of which is more than 300 years old and in a building without modern heating in a cold climate. It is not known exactly why the building preserves textiles and furniture so well, but it is thought to relate to the unusually slow changes in temperature during seasons.

The painting Vertumnus by Arcimboldo is part of the castle collection.

The other, finished, parts of the castle displays the full, sumptuous splendour of the Baroque. The castle's detailed chambers are home to remarkable collections of paintings as well as furniture, textiles and silver and glass tableware. One of the most famous paintings is the 16th century Vertumnus by Italian master Giuseppe Arcimboldo. It pictures the face of Holy Roman emperor Rudolf II as the Roman god of the seasons using fruits and vegetables. The painting was taken as war booty in Prague in the 17th century.

Weapons collection and library[edit]

The castle armoury and library are particularly noteworthy, both founded on Wrangel's collections of weapons and books and enriched and enlarged by other 17th- and 18th-century aristocratic bequests, such as those by Carl Gustaf Bielke.

The armoury contains the largest collection of personal 17th century military weapons in the world. Mostly muskets and pistols, but also swords - including Japanese samurai swords - small cannons, pikes and crossbows. The weapons collection also includes various exotic items such as a 16th-century Eskimo canoe, snake skins and others. The original scale model of the castle which the architect Tessin made to show to count Wrangel is also there.

Further reading[edit]

  • David H. Stam, ed. (2001). "Skokloster Castle Library". International Dictionary of Library Histories. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 1579582443. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°42′11″N 17°37′17″E / 59.70306°N 17.62139°E / 59.70306; 17.62139