||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2015)|
The castle in 2006
Location within Sweden
|Town or city||Håbo Municipality|
Skokloster Castle is located on Lake Mälaren between Stockholm and Uppsala. It was built in the Baroque style between 1654 and 1676 by the wealthy military commander and count Carl Gustaf Wrangel. The castle was designed mainly by architect Caspar Vogel, but other architects involved were Jean de la Vallée and Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. When Wrangel died, the castle passed into the hands of the Brahe family. In 1967 the castle and its contents were sold by the family to the Swedish government; the family still resides in the vicinity.
The castle is a monument to the Swedish Age of Greatness, a period in the middle of the 17th century when Sweden expanded to became one of the major powers in Europe. The death of Wrangel in 1676 meant that the castle was never truly completed. The Brahe family who inherited the castle after Wrangel's death, had their own family castles and did not complete the interiors. Thus the large banqueting hall remains largely in the same condition as the builders left it in the summer of 1676. It is now called the Unfinished Hall. Skokloster Castle is the only building in Europe with a complete 17th-century building site of equal authenticity. Alongside the Unfinished Hall there are a number of other related items from the same period, as several hundred tools and about a dozen books on construction.
The much needed renovation that was made in the 1970's by architect Ove Hidemark constitutes a benchmark in Swedish conservation techniques. Hidemark then used the same materials and building techniques as used in the 17th century.
The interiors of the castle are considered to be especially well preserved, considering it is a building without modern heating in a cold climate. There are, however, some small issues of mould and damage to the collections, especially to the paintings, and there have been problems with leakage from the roof. A thorough renovation of the roof is currently under way; the second stage of the renovation commence in March 2015.
The other, finished, parts of the castle displays the full, sumptuous splendour of the Baroque. The castle's detailed chambers are home to remarkable collections of paintings as well as furniture, textiles and silver and glass tableware. One of the most famous paintings is the 16th century Vertumnus by Italian master Giuseppe Arcimboldo. It pictures the face of Holy Roman emperor Rudolf II as the Roman god of the seasons using fruits and vegetables. The painting was taken as war booty in Prague in the 17th century.
Weapons collection and library
The castle armoury and library are particularly noteworthy, both founded on Wrangel's collections of weapons and books and enriched and enlarged by other 17th- and 18th-century aristocratic bequests, such as those by Carl Gustaf Bielke.
The armoury contains the largest collection of personal 17th century military weapons in the world. Mostly muskets and pistols, but also swords - including Japanese samurai swords - small cannons, pikes and crossbows. The weapons collection also includes various exotic items such as a 16th-century Eskimo canoe, snake skins and others. The original scale model of the castle which the architect Caspar Vogel had made to show to count Wrangel is also there.
- David H. Stam, ed. (2001). "Skokloster Castle Library". International Dictionary of Library Histories. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 1579582443.
- Erik Andrén, ed. (1948). Skokloster. Nordisk rotogravyr.
- Ove Hidemark, ed. (1972). Skoklosters slott - en restaurering. Skoklosters slott.
- Bengt Kylsberg, ed. (1997). Skokloster - Reflections of a Great Era. Skoklosters slott.
- Andrén 1948
- Kylsberg 1997
- Hidemark 1972
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skokloster.|