Skovorodino, Amur Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Skovorodino (inhabited locality).
Skovorodino (English)
Сковородино (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Skovorodino is located in Amur Oblast
Skovorodino
Skovorodino
Location of Skovorodino in Amur Oblast
Coordinates: 53°59′N 123°56′E / 53.983°N 123.933°E / 53.983; 123.933Coordinates: 53°59′N 123°56′E / 53.983°N 123.933°E / 53.983; 123.933
Skovorod.gif
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2008)
Country Russia
Federal subject Amur Oblast[1]
Administrative district Skovorodinsky District[2]
Urban settlement Skovorodino[2]
Administrative center of Skovorodinsky District,[2] Skovorodino Urban Settlement[2]
Municipal status (as of March 2009)
Municipal district Skovorodinsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Skovorodino Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Skovorodinsky Municipal District,[3] Skovorodino Urban Settlement[3]
Mayor[citation needed] Tatyana Konyushikhina[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 9,564 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1908[citation needed]
Town status since 1927[citation needed]
Previous names Zmeiny,[citation needed]
Never-1 (until 1911),[citation needed]
Rukhlovo (until 1938)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 676010–676015
Dialing code(s) +7 41654[citation needed]
Skovorodino on WikiCommons

Skovorodino (Russian: Сковородино́) is a town and the administrative center of Skovorodinsky District of Amur Oblast, Russia, located in the upper stream of the Bolshoy Never River 669 kilometers (416 mi) northwest of Blagoveshchensk, the administrative center of the oblast. Skovorodino is located 54 kilometers (34 mi) from the border with Heilongjiang, China. Population: 9,564 (2010 Census);[4] 10,566 (2002 Census);[7] 13,824 (1989 Census).[8]

Geography[edit]

The nearest significant town is Tynda, about 140 kilometers (87 mi) to the north on the Baikal-Amur Mainline.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1908 as the settlement of Zmeiny (Змеи́ный) during the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway.[citation needed] It was then renamed Never-1 (Невер-1) after the nearby river.[citation needed] In 1911, it was once again renamed and became Rukhlovo (Рухлово). It was granted town status in 1927.[citation needed]

In 1938, it was renamed Skovorodino in honor of A. N. Skovorodin (1890–1920), chairman of a local soviet, who had been killed here during the Russian Civil War.[citation needed] There is a myth that it was named after a frying pan factory ordered by Stalin (in Russian, "frying pan" is "сковорода" (skovoroda)), which is not correct.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Skovorodino serves as the administrative center of Skovorodinsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with the settlement of Lesnoy, incorporated within Skovorodinsky District as Skovorodino Urban Settlement.[2] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Skovorodinsky Municipal District.[3]

Economy[edit]

An oil pipeline is currently under construction from Tayshet north of Lake Baikal to Skovorodino; it is intended for oil to be transported from here by rail to the port of Nakhodka on the Pacific, as well as to China. This is planned as the first section of a pipeline bringing natural gas directly to the Pacific ports, managed by Transneft. It was opened on December 27, 2009 by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.[9]

Climate[edit]

Skovorodino has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc). Winters are severely cold with average temperatures from −35.4 to −20.4 °C (−31.7 to −4.7 °F) in January, while summers are mild with average temperatures from +10.5 to +25.3 °C (50.9 to 77.5 °F) in July. Precipitation is moderate and is much higher in summer than at other times of the year. Winters are generally dry.

Climate data for Skovorodino
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
2.1
(35.8)
15.4
(59.7)
23.4
(74.1)
32.3
(90.1)
34.5
(94.1)
36.8
(98.2)
40.2
(104.4)
28.6
(83.5)
21.4
(70.5)
7.5
(45.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−13.7
(7.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
5.6
(42.1)
15.4
(59.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.3
(77.5)
22.2
(72)
15.3
(59.5)
4.1
(39.4)
−11.1
(12)
−20.7
(−5.3)
3.3
(38.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −28.3
(−18.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−14
(7)
−1.4
(29.5)
8.0
(46.4)
15.0
(59)
18.1
(64.6)
14.9
(58.8)
7.3
(45.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−4.46
(23.99)
Average low °C (°F) −35.4
(−31.7)
−32.3
(−26.1)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−9
(16)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.2
(43.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.9
(46.2)
0.4
(32.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−33.7
(−28.7)
−12.1
(10.2)
Record low °C (°F) −52
(−62)
−52.4
(−62.3)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−32.9
(−27.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−6.1
(21)
−3.5
(25.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
−13.9
(7)
−33.9
(−29)
−47
(−53)
−50.7
(−59.3)
−52.4
(−62.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.146)
3.4
(0.134)
6.5
(0.256)
18.3
(0.72)
37.8
(1.488)
83.4
(3.283)
104.8
(4.126)
98.0
(3.858)
54.9
(2.161)
16.1
(0.634)
10.5
(0.413)
5.6
(0.22)
443
(17.439)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 130.2 182.0 241.8 232.5 251.1 261.0 254.2 229.4 195.0 186.0 126.0 96.1 2,385.3
Source #1: Thermo-Karelia
Source #2: World Climate

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #127-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e f Laws #127-OZ and #473-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #473-OZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.themoscowtimes.com/business/article/putin-launches-pacific-oil-terminal/396936.html here

Sources[edit]

  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №127-ОЗ от 23 декабря 2005 г. «О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области», в ред. Закона №272-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Амурской области "О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области"». Вступил в силу со дня первого официального опубликования, за исключением подпункта "б" пункта 2 статьи 7, вступающего в силу с 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №11, 24 января 2006 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #127-OZ of December 23, 2005 On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast, as amended by the Law #272-OZ of November 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Amur Oblast "On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast". Effective as of the day of the first official publication, with the exception of subitem "b" of item 2 of Article 7, which is effective January 1, 2006.).
  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №473-ОЗ от 11 апреля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Сковородинского района и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №178-ОЗ от 4 марта 2009 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные законы области по вопросам административно-территориального устройства области». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 3. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №78, 19 апреля 2005 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #473-OZ of April 11, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting a Corresponding Municipal Formation Status to Skovorodinsky District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #178-OZ of March 4, 2009 On Amending Several Oblast Laws on the Issues of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Oblast. Effective as of the date determined in accorrdance with the provisions set forth in Article 3.).