|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2006)|
Grant as Sky King with Gloria Winters as his niece, Penny, and Ron Hagerthy as his nephew, Clipper.
|Theme music composer||Milton Raskin
|Composer(s)||Herschel Burke Gilbert
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||72|
|Executive producer(s)||Stuart E. McGowan|
|Running time||22–24 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Jack Chertok Television Productions
|Original channel||NBC; ABC,
|Original run||September 16, 1951– March 8, 1959|
Sky King is an American radio and television adventure series. The title character is Arizona rancher and aircraft pilot Schuyler "Sky" King. The series was likely based on a true-life personality of the 1930s, Jack Cones, the "Flying Constable" of Twentynine Palms in San Bernardino County, California, although this claim is unverified.
Although the series had strong western elements, King mostly captured criminals and spies, and found lost hikers with the use of his plane, the Songbird. Though the planes used changed during the course of the series, the later model was not given a number, but was still known as the Songbird.
King and his niece, Penny (and sometimes Clipper, his nephew), lived on the Flying Crown Ranch, near the (fictitious) town of Grover, Arizona. Penny and Clipper were also pilots, though still relatively inexperienced and looking to their uncle for guidance and mentoring. Penny was an accomplished air racer and rated multi-engine pilot, whom Sky trusted to fly the Songbird. In the third TV episode, Penny refers to Clipper as "my brother", so they are siblings.
The musical score was largely the work of Herschel Burke Gilbert.
The radio show, which began in 1946, was based on a story by Roy Winsor, was the brainchild of Robert Morris Burtt and Wilfred Gibbs Moore, who also created Captain Midnight. Several actors played the part of Sky, including Earl Nightingale and John Reed King.
Like many radio shows of the day, there were many "radio premiums" offered to listeners. On November 2, 1947, in the episode titled "Mountain Detour," the Sky King Secret Signalscope was used. Listeners were advised to get their own for only 15 cents and the inner seal from a jar of Peter Pan Peanut Butter, produced by the sponsor, Derby Foods. The Signalscope included a glow-in-the-dark signaling device, whistle, magnifying glass and Sky King's private code. With the Signalscope one could also see around corners and trees. The premiums were innovative, such as the Sky King Spy-Detecto Writer, which had a "decoder" (cipher disk), magnifying glass, measuring scale, and printing mechanism in a single package slightly over 2 inches long. Other notable premiums included the Magni-Glo Writing Ring, which had a luminous element, a secret compartment, a magnifier, and a ballpoint pen all in the crownpiece of a "fits any finger" ring. The radio show ran until 1954, having been aired simultaneously with the first portion of the television version.
The television version stars Kirby Grant as Sky King and Gloria Winters as Penny. Other regular characters included his nephew Clipper, played by Ron Hagerthy, and Mitch the sheriff, portrayed by Ewing Mitchell. Mitch, a competent and intelligent law enforcement officer, depended on his friend Sky's flying skills to solve the harder cases. Other recurring characters included Jim Bell, the ranch foreman, played in four episodes by Chubby Johnson, as well as Sheriff Hollister portrayed by Monte Blue in five episodes, and Bob Carey, portrayed in ten episodes by Norman Ollestad.
Many of the storylines would parallel those used in such dramatic potboilers as Adventures of Superman with the supporting cast repeatedly finding themselves in near-death situations and the hero rescuing them with seconds to spare. Penny was particularly adroit at falling into the hands of spies, bank robbers (the best place to hide stolen loot was apparently in the Arizona desert) and other ne'er-do-wells.
Like most television cowboy heroes of the time, Sky never killed the villains, even though one episode had him shooting a machine gun into his own stolen plane.
Largely a show for children, although it sometimes aired in prime time, Sky King became an icon in the aviation community. Many pilots, including American astronauts, who grew up watching Sky King name him as an influence.
Though plot lines were often simplistic, Grant was able to bring a casual, natural treatment of technical details which led to a level of believability not found in other TV series involving aviation or life in the American West. Likewise, villains and other characters were usually depicted as intelligent and believable, rather than as two-dimensional. The writing was generally above the standard for contemporary half-hour programs, though sometimes the acting was not.
The later episodes of the television show were notable for the dramatic opening with an air-to-air shot of the sleek, second Songbird banking sharply away from the camera and its engines roaring, while the announcer proclaimed "Out of the blue of the Western sky comes — Sky King!" The short credit roll which followed was equally dramatic, with the Songbird swooping at the camera across El Mirage Lake, California, then pulling up into a steep climb as it departed. The end title featured a musical theme, with the credits superimposed over an air-to-air shot of the Songbird, cruising at altitude for several moments then banking away to the left.
The show also featured low-level flying, especially with the later Songbird. Many shots showed the Cessna "down amongst the rocks and the trees," to show the speed of the plane as the desert flashed by in the background.
- Kirby Grant as Schuyler "Sky" King
- Gloria Winters as Penny King
- Ewing Mitchell as Sheriff Mitch Hargrove
- Ron Hagerthy as Clipper King
Notable guest stars
Scheduling and cancellation
The television show began airing on Sunday afternoons on NBC between September 16, 1951, and October 26, 1952. These episodes were rebroadcast on ABC's Saturday morning lineup the following year November 8, 1952, until September 21, 1953, when it made its prime-time debut on ABC's Monday night lineup. It then aired twice-a-week in August and September 1954, before ABC canceled it. New episodes were produced when the show went into syndication in 1955. The last new episode, "Mickey's Birthday," aired March 8, 1959; the "Mickey" is a kinsman of Sky King portrayed in three 1959 episodes by child actor Gary Hunley (born 1948). Thereafter, Sky King surfaced on the Saturday schedule in reruns for several more years.
Syndication and DVD release
CBS began airing reruns of the show on early Saturday afternoons (at 12 pm Eastern/Pacific times; late Saturday mornings at 11 am Central/Mountain times) on October 3, 1959, and continued to do so until September 3, 1966.
All 72 episodes of the TV series have been released on DVD in North America and ara available through Sky King Productions at http://www.skyking.com.
In the first 39 episodes of the television series, Sky flew a Cessna T-50 twin-engine wooden-framed airplane that Cessna called the "Bobcat" but most called it the "Bamboo Bomber." The plane, a World War II surplus UC-78B, was owned by legendary Hollywood pilot Paul Mantz and flown by employees of his Paul Mantz Aerial Services for filming of the flying sequences. At least two other T-50s are known to have been used for on-ground and in-the-cockpit scenes. The T-50 was grounded after episode 39 due to rot in the wooden frame. Paul Mantz's company is still in operation at Van Nuys Airport, near Los Angeles.
The best-known Songbird was a twin-engine Cessna 310B that was used in episodes 40-72. The airplane used was the second production 310B (tail number N5348A), which was provided by Cessna at no cost to the producers and piloted by Cessna's national sales manager for the 310, Bill Fergusson. Fergusson got the job after the motion picture pilot already selected was deemed unqualified to land the airplane at some of the off-airport sites required. Some months after a library of stock footage had been compiled, additional sequences were filmed using a different airplane. Cockpit sequences were filmed using the static test fuselage, also provided by Cessna. The original 310B was eventually destroyed in a 1962 crash at Delano, California, that killed its owner-pilot. As of early 2012 the Songbird's old tail number N5348A is assigned to a Cessna 320C (a turbocharged 310), owned by a corporation in Jacksonville, Florida.
A unique introduction featured the triangular Nabisco logo flying across the screen, accompanied by the sound of the Songbird flying past. Nabisco included plastic figures of characters from the show and the Songbird in packages of Wheat Honeys and Rice Honeys breakfast cereals.
Though set in Arizona, the series was filmed in the high desert of California. The ranch house used for exterior shots of the Flying Crown Ranch is an actual home in Apple Valley, California, although it has been extensively remodeled since its use as headquarters of the "Flying Crown Ranch". Other locations were shot in and around Apple Valley and the nearby San Bernardino Mountains, George Air Force Base and Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake. Interior filming was done at the General Service studios in Hollywood.
While expensive for a kids' show, most of the budget (about $9000 per episode) went into aircraft, vehicles, fuel and sets. This meant that some standard production methods had to be abandoned, giving the series a more realistic look. For instance, in some shots, pilot Bill Fergusson actually did taxi the 310B rather than the more common (but time-consuming, thus costly) method of simulating movement by towing or dolly shots. Plymouth provided several 1951 Woody Station Wagons for the series.
The budget issue also forced the frequent reuse of stock footage, sometimes flipped over to show planes banking the opposite direction, thus sometimes letters and numbers (especially wing and tail numbers) were seen in mirror-image.
The black-and-white film masked the actual paint scheme of the Cessna 310B, which was done in a rich multi-color pattern of Coronado Yellow, Sierra Gold and White, with a gold interior.
The show was filmed and shown during three periods as sponsors changed: 1951-52 (Derby Foods), 1955–56 and 1957-62 (Nabisco, though the copyright notices continued to name Derby Foods). It continued in syndication for years afterward, and was a staple on Saturday morning television into the mid-1960s.
Nabisco sold the series complete with all rights to Kirby Grant in 1959. In later years, Grant considered bringing back the series and even a "Sky King" theme park, but nothing ever happened on either of these projects. At least one writer has boilerplated a "Sky King" film, but none has been produced.
On May 20, 2008, Kirby Grant, III, confirmed that his father was a pilot and that he flew with him many times. This was confirmed by e-mail to Officer Glenn E. Kresge, United States Department of Defense Police, (and by Kent Volgamore and by Guy Maher, article below). Grant, however, had been turned down for pilot training during World War II because of color blindness.
The Cessna T-50 used in the first episodes of the series was provided by Paul Mantz Air Services and flown by several pilots, and the Cessna 310B used in later episodes was provided at no cost by Cessna and flown by Cessna employee Bill Fergusson. In the article "310 B Goes To Hollywood", Mr. Bill Fergusson from the Cessna Corp. recalls how Kirby Grant flew the 310B like a real pro in no time. Thus, he was referring to the transition from the T-50 to the 310 B. The newspaper article can be found at Kae Vee's Place.
Numerous references to Grant's flying skills came from co-workers, personal friends, and historian Kent Volgamore, who wrote the book for the Sky King DVDs. Volgamore clearly states Grant was a pilot, and started his flying career in a Waco 1929. In a 2006 interview with Airport Journal, Gloria Winters recalled that both Grant and her late husband were pilots. Her husband was also a crop duster.
Grant and his wife, Carolyn, had three children. In the early 1970s, they moved from California to Florida. After he left show business he became the public relations director for Sea World in Orlando, Florida.
Kirby Grant was killed in a car accident near Titusville, Florida on October 30, 1985, at the age of seventy-three. He was driving east on state route 50 to attend the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger. Forced off the road into a canal, Grant was ejected from his vehicle. According to Florida Highway Patrol Capt. Mike Kirby, he was not wearing a seat belt. This was the Challenger's final successful mission, Mr. Grant had received an invitation from one of the astronauts on that flight and was also going to be honored by the astronauts for encouraging aviation and space flight. He is interred in Missoula, Montana.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sky King (radio and television program).|
- Freeze, Christopher. "A Real Life "Sky King"". EAA Sport Aviation. Experiment Aviation Association. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- Sky King Memorabilia
- FAA aircraft registration file, NC67832.
- Aircraft logbook, NC67832.
- Interview of Bill Fergusson, 1996.
- Article from Cessna "Cessquire" magazine, issue unknown.
- National Transportation Safety Board Aircraft Accident Database.
- FAA on-line database, accessible via http://www.landings.com
- (2) 1956 Sky King Character Nabisco Cereal Prize Play Set Toy Figures - TPNC.
- Cessna production record, s/n 35548; Cessna 310B sales brochure.
Missoula City Website states Kirby Grant was a pilot: http://www.ci.missoula.mt.us/index.aspx?NID=175
- Official website
- Sky King at the Internet Movie Database
- Sky King at TV.com
- Lips, Jerry. "From Out of the Clear Blue of the Western Sky Comes...Sky King", Airport Journals, January 2006, WebCitation archive.
- http://www.cfidarren.com/r-famous.htm This Website list Famous actors that were pilots with no FAA records on file; Kirby Grant is listed as a pilot with no FAA records on file.
Dead Celebrity Aviators - No Pilot Records Available Johnny Carson (Talk Show Host) 1925-2005 Danny Kaye (Actor) 1913-1987 Arthur Godfrey (Actor) 1903-1983 Bob Cummings (Actor) 1908-1990 Edgar Bergan (Actor) 1903-1978 Kirby Grant (Actor) 1911-1985 Jimmy Stewart (Actor) 1908-1997 Gene Autry (Singer) 1907-1998 Harry Houdini (Illusionist) 1874-1926 Sam Walton (Businessman) 1918-1992 Howard Hughes (Businessman) 1905-1976 Ted Williams (Baseball) 1918-2002 President Dwight D Eisenhower 1890-1969