Skyfall (song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Skyfall"
A green-tinted image of the James Bond gun barrel. Adele's face is stamped in the barrel, and Daniel Craig's Bond is coming out of the barrel towards the viewer. The text "Adele", "Skyfall" and the "007" logo are seen at the bottom of the image.
Single by Adele
Released 5 October 2012
Format
Recorded 2012; Abbey Road Studios (London)
Genre Orchestral pop
Length 4:46
Label
Writer(s)
Producer(s) Paul Epworth
Adele chronology
"Turning Tables"
(2011)
"Skyfall"
(2012)
James Bond theme chronology
"Another Way to Die"
(2008)
"Skyfall"
(2012)

"Skyfall" is the theme song of the 2012 James Bond film of the same name, performed by English singer-songwriter Adele. It was written by Adele and producer Paul Epworth and features orchestration by J. A. C. Redford. Film company Eon Productions invited the singer to work on the theme song in early 2011, a task that Adele accepted after reading the film's script. While composing the song, Adele and Epworth aimed to capture the mood and style of the other Bond themes, including dark and moody lyrics descriptive of the film's plot.

"Skyfall" was released at 0:07 BST on 5 October 2012 as part of the Global James Bond Day, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the release of Dr. No, the first James Bond film. The song quickly went to the top of the iTunes chart, and reached number two at the UK Singles Chart and eight on the Billboard Hot 100. Reviews were positive, with the song being compared to Shirley Bassey's Bond themes, and "Skyfall" became the first Bond theme to win at the Golden Globes, the Brit Awards and the Academy Awards. During the 85th Academy Awards, Adele gave her first live performance of the song.

Background and production[edit]

Shirley Bassey performing in front of a brass section.
Shirley Bassey, a singer who performed three James Bond theme songs, was noted as an influence on "Skyfall".

In early 2011 Sony Pictures President of Music, Lia Vollack, suggested to the James Bond film producers at Eon Productions that they ask Adele to record a theme song for their next Bond film, later revealed to be titled Skyfall.[1] Vollack thought that Adele would be a good choice to ask to record a Bond theme song for feeling that her music had a "soulful, haunting, evocative quality", which Vollack considered would bring back the "classic Shirley Bassey feel" associated with several early Bond films.[2]

Adele, who had just released her second album 21, admitted that initially she was a "little hesitant" about agreeing to write a Bond theme song.[3] On meeting with the Skyfall film crew, the singer had told Skyfall director Sam Mendes that she felt as though she was not the person that they were looking for because "my songs are personal, I write from the heart".[4] Mendes simply replied "just write a personal song", telling her to use Carly Simon's "Nobody Does It Better" from The Spy Who Loved Me as an inspiration;[5] Adele left the meeting with the script of Skyfall and, upon reading it, decided that it was a "no-brainer" as she "fell in love" with the film's plot. Producer Paul Epworth, who had worked with Adele on 21, was brought in to help her write the song.[3][4] Adele stated that she enjoyed working to a brief and set of guidelines, even though it was something she had never done before.[6]

Production of "Skyfall", from the first contact with Adele to the song's release, took 18 months to complete. Vollack stated that the reason for this was "fine-tuning" the song, as Adele and Epworth wanted to ensure that they "were getting it right".[7] The first cut of the song was completed in October 2011, as Adele had free time after cancelling the final concerts of her Adele Live tour due to vocal problems.[8] During an interview at their post-Academy Award for Best Original Song win in February 2013, Adele revealed that the first draft of the song was written in 10 minutes.[9][10] After Adele underwent throat microsurgery for vocal problems, she recorded a demo of the track and sent it to Mendes, who was doing the principal photography of Skyfall. The director in turn played the demo for film producer Barbara Broccoli and Bond actor Daniel Craig, both of whom "shed a tear".[4] Adele stated that the final cut of the song lasted two studio sessions at Abbey Road Studios in London.[9] It features a 77-piece orchestra conducted by J. A. C. Redford.[11]

Composition and lyrics[edit]

A 28-second sample of "Skyfall" containing the bridge and the chorus, which features the orchestra.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Skyfall" is an orchestral pop song with a duration of four minutes and forty-six seconds.[6][12] Epworth stated that although "Skyfall" is an original composition, he and Adele had worked to capture "the James Bond feeling" of previous theme songs. The song intentionally references Monty Norman's "James Bond Theme" after the first chorus.[3] Norman said that the song had his seal of approval and that including the leitmotif he wrote for the Bond character was "a pretty sensible thing to do, if you want to feel the 'James Bond quality' of the music".[3] Epworth said that while "Skyfall" was his first experience writing film music, he had been involved with the production of James Bond music before: while Epworth was a tape operator at AIR Studios, he recorded some film soundtracks including David Arnold's Tomorrow Never Dies.[13][14]

Epworth stated that the producers' request was for "a dramatic ballad", so he and Adele tried to "do something that was simultaneously dark and final, like a funeral, and to try and turn it into something that was not final. A sense of death and rebirth".[10] Epworth watched the first thirteen Bond films seeking the "musical code" of the songs, "whatever the modal structure or the chord that always seemed to unify those songs" and contributed to the mood and "that kind of '60s jazzy quality". Epworth identified as an uniting factor "a minor ninth as the harmonic code ... the Bond songs, they have that elaboration to it", and wrote what would become the instrumental part of "Skyfall".[10] He described it as "a bit of a 'Eureka!' moment".[10][15]

"Skyfall" was composed in the key of C minor using common time at 76 beats per minute.[16] Adele's vocal range spans over one octave, from the low note of G3 to the high note of C5, on the song.[16] The lyrics closely follow the narrative of the film rather than focusing on romanticism.[3][9] According to Epworth, the song is about "death and rebirth", saying "It's like, when the world ends and everything comes down around your ears, if you've got each other's back, you can conquer anything. From death to triumph, that was definitely something we set out to try and capture".[2] The Daily Telegraph writer Neil McCormick described the lyrics as "slightly sinister" and containing references to a number of Bond tropes and motifs.[17]

Release and remixes[edit]

Thomas Newman wearing a suit attending the Classic Brit Awards.
Thomas Newman composed Skyfall's musical score. A portion of "Skyfall" was included in the track "Komodo Dragon" as an interpolation due to not being included on the soundtrack album.

The theme song, and the identity of its singer, was kept secret, but rumours of Adele's involvement still emerged. Adele first mentioned recording a "special project" in September 2011 in an interview on The Jonathan Ross Show, leading to speculation in the media that she was recording a Bond theme.[18] In an interview with NRJ in April 2012, the singer stated that she intended released a new single by the end of the year; however, it would not be preceding a new album.[19] Further rumours about Adele's involvement circulated in September 2012, when she was reportedly seen at Abbey Road Studios where Thomas Newman was recording Skyfall's musical score.[20] The song's title was originally rumoured to be "Let the Sky Fall".[21] In September 2012 OneRepublic vocalist Ryan Tedder posted a message on Twitter claiming he had heard the title track and that it was "the best James Bond theme in his lifetime". Adele's publicist, Paul Moss, mentioned the song on his Twitter feed; both later deleted their messages.[22] The artwork for the song was leaked online,[23] but Adele's involvement in the project was not officially confirmed until 1 October.[24] "Skyfall" was released at 0:07 BST on 5 October 2012 as part of the "Global James Bond Day", celebrating the 50th anniversary of the release of Dr. No, the first James Bond film.[25] A 12-inch single featuring unofficial remixes of the song was sold in Germany to promote the song.[26][27]

The song was not included in Skyfall: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, marking the second time in the Bond series that the theme song was split from the soundtrack album, following "You Know My Name" from Casino Royale in 2006.[28] Wilson and Broccoli still asked composer Thomas Newman to include a reference to "Skyfall" in the film's score, "so that it didn't appear as a kind of 'one off' at the top of the movie". Newman opted to include an interpolation in the track "Komodo Dragon", used in a scene where Bond enters a casino in Macau. According to Newman the scene had "a real moment of 'Bond' swagger", and the music fitted the scene accordingly.[29][30] Epworth was visited by Newman for advice, and Redford, who was already doing the score's orchestration, was requested to arrange "Komodo Dragon"; Newman was unable to do the arrangement because he felt that his task "was already so huge and daunting".[29]

Critical reception[edit]

The song received favorable reviews. Entertainment Weekly wrote that there is "finally" a great James Bond theme.[31] The Huffington Post described the song as a "brassy and soulful tune [that] fits perfectly alongside the work of Shirley Bassey in the oeuvre of James Bond title tracks".[32] RedEye gave the song four out of four stars and declared that it "is a return to form, and if it doesn't get you hyped for the movie, you're not a Bond fan".[33] The Daily Record named "Skyfall" its 'Single of the Week' and gave the song five stars out of five.[34] PopCrush gave the song four-and-a-half stars out of five and called it "wholly satisfying and worth the wait".[35] Idolator wrote that "during the song's final third, Adele does, in fact, make the sky fall, in typical Adele fashion".[36] Consequence of Sound commented that "rousing instrumentation elevates the vocals to soaring heights",[37] while HitFix called the song a "majestic ballad" and a "classic James Bond theme".[38] Newsday was also very positive, writing that "Skyfall" is "unlike anything else she's done in her young career. It's self-assured and grand, drawing inspiration from Dame Shirley Bassey, while adding her own powerful phrasing to make it her own. Adele's style so far has been to downplay her massive voice with lyrics that are questioning and self-deprecating. On 'Skyfall,' though, it sounds like the diva point of view suits her, too".[39]

The Los Angeles Times complimented the song and said that the song "tells good things for this winter's blockbuster-to-be. It's not a reimagining or a musical departure, but simply a righting of the ship. The song is big, bold and seems to have a little spot-o-fun".[40] MTV was also positive, stating that "Adele's lush song fits right in with classics by Shirley Bassey, Paul McCartney and Carly Simon".[6] The Wall Street Journal felt similarly, writing that the song "has sweep and drama, [with] orchestral support [that] gives it a classical timelessness that sets it apart from typical pop songs. Because it is a theme for a Bond film, after all, the song is also shot through with the threat of violence and death".[41] E! Online wrote that Adele's song was "a cross, and a good one at that, between the 1971 Bassey classic and a more-focused version of Garbage's 'The World Is Not Enough'."[42] The Hollywood Reporter wrote that the song "instantly feels like a Bond theme, with the singer's sultry voice set against a minor chord progression. Done in big, orchestral style, the mood – like the singer – is all 1960s throwback, back when Bond themes like 'Goldfinger' were smooth, seductive and larger than life".[43]

Some other reviews were positive, but more critical. Jim Farber of the New York-based Daily News wrote in his review: "It suffers from a similarly meandering melody and ponderous progression. The grandeur of its arrangement easily upstages the tune", but "even so, the luster of Adele's tone, and the bravura arc of her vocal, makes it enjoyable enough. And, fifty years down the line, isn't that all we really expect from a Bond product these days?"[44] Yahoo!'s Rob O'Connor gave the standalone song a positive review, but felt that it was too soon to tell how the song would fit into the wider canon of Bond theme songs.[45] Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph was less complimentary, describing the song as "classy", but at the same time, "overly predictable".[17]

Accolades[edit]

The song won the Academy Award for Best Original Song;[9] it had been the first Bond theme to receive an Academy Award nomination since the 1982 song "For Your Eyes Only" and was the first Bond theme to win the award.[46] It also won the Critics' Choice Award for Best Song;[47] the Golden Globe for Best Original Song;[48] and the Brit Award for British Single of the Year. Adele gave her acceptance speech at the last of those awards through a video message, as she was in Los Angeles preparing for her Academy Award performance.[49] It was also nominated for the Satellite Award for Best Original Song but lost to "Suddenly", from Les Misérables.[50] "Skyfall" was also named the Best Original Song by the film critics associations of Houston,[51] Las Vegas[52] and Phoenix.[53] The song won at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards for the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media.[54]

Awards
Year Award Category Result
2013 85th Academy Awards[9] Best Original Song Won
2013 70th Golden Globe Awards[55] Best Original Song Won
2013 18th Critics' Choice Awards[56] Best Song Won
2013 33rd BRIT Awards[49] British Single of the Year Won
2014 56th Grammy Awards[57] Best Song Written for Visual Media Won

Chart performance[edit]

The song went to number one at the UK's iTunes online store less than ten hours after it was released, surpassing "Diamonds" by Rihanna.[3][58] At 6 am on 5 October Clear Channel began airing "Skyfall" on 180 radio stations around the United States every hour, on the hour; within 24 hours, "Skyfall" had garnered 10 million audience impressions and had already begun to rank within the Top 50 of the Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems-based Radio Songs chart.[59] On 7 October "Skyfall" entered the UK Singles Chart at number 4 after less than 48 hours on sale. The single sold 84,000 copies in the UK during its first two days of release.[60] On 14 October "Skyfall" rose to number 2 on the UK Singles Chart with sales of 92,000 copies. This tied "Skyfall" with Duran Duran's "A View to a Kill" as the highest-charting James Bond theme song on the UK Singles Chart.[61] The song was the 20th best-selling song of 2012 in the UK with 547,000 sold.[62] "Skyfall" debuted at number one in Ireland.[63]

The song entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 8, Adele's first song to debut in the Top 10, selling 261,000 copies in the United States in its first three days.[64][65] Although "Skyfall" debuted at number 8, it was actually the third best-selling single in the US that week – the Hot 100 ranks songs based on sales, radio airplay and online streaming. "Skyfall" is the first James Bond theme to chart within the Top 10 in the US in a decade,[66] and is the first James Bond theme to debut in the Top 10.[67] Interest in "Skyfall" led to a 10% increase in sales of Adele's last album, 21, in the US.[68] On the week commencing 27 October 2012, the second week after its release, the song fell from number 8 to number 13.[69]

After Skyfall was released in cinemas in North America, Adele's song saw a sales increase of 66%.[70] In January 2013 unofficial remixes also warranted the song an inclusion on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart,[26] peaking at the 10th spot.[71] After Adele won the Oscar for the song, sales in the US increased by 56% with 56,000 downloads.[72] The following week "Skyfall" sold an additional 103,000 downloads and climbed 28 spots on the Billboard Hot 100.[73] As of July 2013, "Skyfall" has sold over five million copies worldwide.[74] As of January 2013 it had sold 1,600,000 copies in the US according to Soundscan, and is the first Bond song to sell a million digital copies.[75]

Live performance and cover versions[edit]

Adele performed the song live for the first time at the 85th Academy Awards ceremony on 24 February 2013, prior to collecting her award.[9][76] In preparation for the performance, the singer took advice about breathing technique from Ayda Field, wife of Robbie Williams, to combat stage fright.[77] Earlier in the ceremony, Shirley Bassey had performed another Bond theme, "Goldfinger", from the film of the same name.[78] The song has been covered by many artists across a variety of genres since its release. Irish pop duo Jedward have performed an acoustic take on the song,[79] while other covers have been performed by Willow Smith[80] and Paul F. Tompkins.[81] In March 2013 post-hardcore band Our Last Night posted a cover of the song.[82] MetalSucks posted a series of what they deemed to be poor metal interpretations of the song in February 2013.[83] Symphonic metal band Within Temptation covered the song in 2013. Waka Flocka Flame sampled the song on his From Roaches to Rollex mixtape.[84] American Idol 13 finalist Caleb Johnson performed this song during the Top 11 week for a spot in the summer tour.[85]

Formats and track listings[edit]

  • Digital download[12]
  1. "Skyfall" – 4:49
  • UK CD/7" vinyl single[86]
  1. "Skyfall" – 4:49
  2. "Skyfall" (Instrumental) – 4:46

Credits and personnel[edit]

Recording
  • Recorded at Abbey Road Studios, London, England.
Personnel

Credits adapted from the liner notes of "Skyfall", XL Recordings.[86]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[133] Gold 35,000^
Belgium (BEA)[134] Platinum 30,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[135] 4× Platinum 320,000^
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[136] Platinum 30,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[137] Gold 5,214[137]
Germany (BVMI)[138] Platinum 300,000^
Italy (FIMI)[139] 2× Platinum 60,000*
Mexico (AMPROFON)[140] 3× Platinum+Gold 210,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[141] Gold 7,500*
United Kingdom (BPI)[142] Platinum 600,000^
United States (RIAA)[143] Platinum 2,000,000[144]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lia Vollack: Forging a Bond". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Burlingame, Jon (12 December 2012). "Adele's brush with Bond". Variety. PMC. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Adele's Bond theme, Skyfall, tops iTunes chart". BBC News (BBC). 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Thompson, Anne. "'Skyfall' Director Mendes and Actresses Marlohe and Harris Talk Updating Bond, from Adele to Bardem". IndieWire. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Nissim, Mayer (24 October 2012). "Daniel Craig: 'I cried when I first heard Adele's Skyfall'". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Where Does Adele's 'Skyfall' Land on List of Best Bond Theme Songs?". MTV News. Viacom. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall': Story Behind the Oscar Best Song Nominee". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Smart, Gordon (4 October 2011). "Adele records new James Bond track". The Sun. NI Group. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Adele Skyfall wins best song Oscar". BBC News (BBC). 25 February 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d Patches, Matt (13 December 2012). "Golden Globe-Nominated Producer Says Adele Recorded 'Skyfall' Vocals in 10 Minutes". Hollywood.com. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Adele's James Bond Skyfall theme tune gets to top of iTunes chart". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). 5 October 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "iTunes - Music - Skyfall by Adele". iTunes Store (GB). Apple. 5 October 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  13. ^ Montgomery, James (13 December 2012). "Adele's 'Skyfall' Producer 'Thrilled' By Golden Globe Nomination". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  14. ^ Serk, Linda (8 October 2012). "Paul Epworth and Bond producer on Skyfall". BBC Radio 6. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  15. ^ Montgomery, James (13 December 2012). "Adele's 'Skyfall' Producer 'Thrilled' By Golden Globe Nomination". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "Digital Sheet Music, Adele 'Skyfall'". Musicnotes.com. Peer International Music Publishing. 2012. 
  17. ^ a b McCormick, Neil (5 October 2012). "Adele's Skyfall theme: review". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  18. ^ Sampson, Issy (5 October 2012). "Adele's back! Listen to the new James Bond theme tune, Skyfall, here". Daily Mirror (London: Trinity Mirror). 
  19. ^ Jamieson, Natalie (18 September 2012). "Skyfall: Adele reported to be singing James Bond theme". BBC Newsbeat (London: BBC). 
  20. ^ Smart, Gordon (13 September 2012). "Adele's secret spy studio trip". The Sun (News International). 
  21. ^ Rosen, Christopher (26 September 2012). "Adele 'Skyfall' Song Lyrics: 'Let The Sky Fall'?". The Huffington Post. AOL. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  22. ^ Corner, Lewis (27 September 2012). "Adele's James Bond theme is best in my lifetime, says Ryan Tedder". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "First look at Adele's cover art for 'Skyfall' title songs". Mi6-HQ.com. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  24. ^ Cochrane, Greg (2 October 2012). "Adele's James Bond theme song Skyfall is leaked online". BBC Newsbeat (London: BBC). 
  25. ^ "Skyfall Official Theme Song News: Release To Coincide With Bond's 50th Anniverary". Eon Productions. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  26. ^ a b Mason, Kerri (13 January 2013). "Adele Hits New Dance Club Songs Peak with 'Skyfall'". Billboard. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  27. ^ (liner notes) Skyfall Remixes (Media notes). Adele. XL Recordings. 2012. ADELESKY005.
  28. ^ Caulfield, Keith (16 November 2012). "'Skyfall' Soundtrack: Highest-Charting Bond Album in 27 Years". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Schweiger, Daniel (5 November 2012). "Interview with Thomas Newman". Film Music Magazine. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  30. ^ Hewitt, Chris (2012). "Thomas Newman On The Skyfall Soundtrack". Empire. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  31. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall': Finally! A great James Bond theme! – Listen". Entertainment Weekly. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  32. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall': James Bond Theme Gets Brassy, Soulful Rendition From British Songstress". The Huffington Post. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  33. ^ "Track review: Adele, 'Skyfall'". RedEye. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  34. ^ "Single of the week: October 4: Adele: Skyfall". Daily Record. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  35. ^ "Adele, 'Skyfall' – Song Review". PopCrush. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  36. ^ "Adele's Skyfall: Hear The Full James Bond Theme". Idolator. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  37. ^ "New Music: Adele – Skyfall". Consequence of Sound. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  38. ^ "Listen: Adele's sumptuous James Bond theme, 'Skyfall'". HitFix. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  39. ^ "Hot Song: Adele's 'Skyfall'". Newsday. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  40. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall' is in tune with James Bond history". Los Angeles Times. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  41. ^ Farley, Christopher John (5 October 2012). "How Does Adele's 'Skyfall' Compare to the Best Bond Theme Songs?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  42. ^ Ryan, Joal (5 October 2012). "James Bond at 50: How Adele's "Skyfall" Measures Up to the Classic Bond Opening Songs". E! Online. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  43. ^ Abramovitch, Seth (4 October 2012). "Adele's 'Skyfall' is Every Inch a Classic Bond Theme (Audio)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  44. ^ Farber, Jim (5 October 2012). "'Skyfall' review: Adele's Bond theme sticks to 007 cliches instead of reaching new heights". Daily News. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  45. ^ "Adele's "SkyFall" + The Ten Greatest James Bond Theme Songs". Yahoo! Music (Yahoo!). 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  46. ^ "Oscars 2013: Adele nomination saves total Skyfall snub". The Daily Telegraph. 10 January 2013. 
  47. ^ "'Lincoln' Leads the 18th Annual Critics' Choice Movie Awards Nominations with a Record 13 Noms". Broadcast Film Critics Association. December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  48. ^ "Best Original Song – Motion Picture". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  49. ^ a b "BRIT Awards 2013: Adele's 'Skyfall' Wins Best British Single With Capital FM". London: Capital FM. 20 February 2013. 
  50. ^ "2012 Nominees". International Press Academy. December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  51. ^ "Houston film critics honor Argo, Bernie, Daniel Day-Lewis and Jennifer Lawrence as year's best". Houston CultureMap. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  52. ^ "2012 Sierra Award winners". Las Vegas Film Critics Society. December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  53. ^ "'Les Miserables' Leads Phoenix Film Critics Nominations". IndieWire. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  54. ^ "56th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees". Grammy. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  55. ^ "Golden Globe Awards Nominations: ‘12 Years A Slave’ & ‘American Hustle’ Lead Pack". Deadline. December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  56. ^ Peter Gicas (December 16, 2013). "Critics' Choice Awards 2014: Complete List of Nominations". E! Online. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  57. ^ "56th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees". Grammy. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  58. ^ Betinku, Fehintola; Bull, Sarah; Cooper, Joel (5 October 2012). "Adele's James Bond theme for Skyfall hits number one in under ten hours". Daily Mail. 
  59. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall' Blasts Onto Radio, Headed For Hot 100". Billboard. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  60. ^ "Rihanna's Diamonds knocks Gangnam Style off Number 1". Official Charts Company. 7 October 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  61. ^ "Swedish House Mafia deny Adele a Number 1 single for a second week". Official Charts Company. 14 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  62. ^ a b Lane, Dan (2 January 2013). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Selling Singles of 2012 revealed!". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  63. ^ "Adele soars to top of Irish chart". RTE. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  64. ^ Trust, Gary (10 October 2012). "Maroon 5 Keeps PSY Out of Hot 100's Summit Again". Billboard. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  65. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall' Not a Lock for U.K. No. 1". Billboard. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  66. ^ "Adele's 'Skyfall' is not a skyrocket hit, yet". USA Today. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  67. ^ Grein, Paul (11 October 2012). "Chart Watch Extra. The Word Is Hit. Bond Hits.". Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  68. ^ Caulfield, Keith (12 October 2012). "Chart Moves: Adele's Bond Theme Stirs '21' Sales Gain, Blake Shelton's Christmas Set Debuts". Billboard. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  69. ^ Trust, Gary (17 October 2012). "PSY Still Stuck at No. 2 as Maroon 5 Tops Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  70. ^ Caulfield, Keith (16 November 2012). "Chart Moves: Adele's Bond Theme Stirs '21' Sales Gain, Blake Shelton's Christmas Set Debuts". Billboard. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  71. ^ "Hot Dance Club Songs - Week of January 26, 2013". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  72. ^ Gunderson, Edna (27 February 2013). "Oscars boost Adele's 'Skyfall,' Shirley Bassey's fame". USA Today. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  73. ^ Paul Grein (6 March 2013). "Week Ending March 3, 2013. Songs: Is The Right Song #1?". USA Today. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  74. ^ Nicholls, Lia (4 March 2013). "James Bond bosses want Adele to sing new theme tune". The Sun. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  75. ^ Gallo, Phil (10 January 2013). "Adele, 'Les Miserables' Secure Oscar Nominations". Billboard. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  76. ^ "Skyfall Wins Oscar for Best Original Song". Adele. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  77. ^ Dadds, Kimberley; Bamigboye, Baz (25 February 2013). "It's a hat trick! Adele struggles to hold back tears as she wins her very first Oscar for Skyfall after already snaring a Golden Globe and a Grammy". Mail Online (London). 
  78. ^ "Battle of the Bond girls: Oscar-winner Adele and Dame Shirley Bassey pay tribute to 007 with song (but don't share the stage)". Mail Online (London). 25 February 2013. 
  79. ^ Walsh, Ayeesha (25 October 2012). "Jedward prove they have a serious side with acoustic Skyfall cover". The Sun (London). 
  80. ^ Daniels, Colin (21 October 2012). "Willow Smith covers Adele's 'Skyfall' – video". DigitalSpy. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  81. ^ Pearlman, Shaina (3 January 2013). "Paul F. Tompkins Covers Adele's Skyfall". Paste. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  82. ^ Kraus, Brian (12 March 2013). "Our Last Night cover Adele's "Skyfall"". Alternative Press. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  83. ^ Rosenberg, Axl (20 February 2013). "Multiple Shitty Metal Covers of Adele's "Skyfall"". MetalSucks. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  84. ^ Walsh, Ayeesha (25 September 2013). "Jedward prove they have a serious side with acoustic Skyfall cover". The Spin. 
  85. ^ Timmons, Lisa (13 March 2014). "‘American Idol’ Recap: Caleb Johnson Nails Adele’s “Skyfall” On Movie Night". Idolator. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  86. ^ a b (liner notes) Skyfall (Media notes). Adele. XL Recordings. 2012. XLS593CD.
  87. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Adele – Skyfall". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  88. ^ "Adele – Skyfall – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  89. ^ "Ultratop.be – Adele – Skyfall" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  90. ^ "Ultratop.be – Adele – Skyfall" (in French). Ultratop 50.
  91. ^ a b BPP, ed. (February/March 2013). "Billboard Brasil Hot 100 Airplay". Billboard Brasil (38): 84–89. 
  92. ^ "Adele Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Adele.
  93. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201246 into search.
  94. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Adele – Skyfall". Tracklisten.
  95. ^ "Adele: Skyfall" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  96. ^ "Lescharts.com – Adele – Skyfall" (in French). Les classement single.
  97. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
  98. ^ "Chart Search Results – Greece Digital Songs 2012-10-20". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  99. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ – Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége.
  100. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ – Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 10 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége.
  101. ^ "Chart Track". Irish Singles Chart.
  102. ^ "Adele – Skyfall Media Forest". Israeli Airplay Chart. Media Forest.
  103. ^ "Top Digital Download – Classifica settimanale WK 44 (dal 29/10/2012 al 04/11/2012)" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  104. ^ "Japan Billboard Hot 100" (in Japanese). Billboard Japan. 17 October 2012. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  105. ^ "Luxembourg Digital Songs - December 15, 2012". Billboard. 
  106. ^ "Top 100 Mexico – Semana Del 19 al 24 de Marzo 2013" (PDF) (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  107. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 42, 2012" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40
  108. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Adele – Skyfall" (in Dutch). Mega Single Top 100.
  109. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Adele – Skyfall". Top 40 Singles.
  110. ^ "VG-lista – Topp 20 Single uke 45, 2012" (in Norwegian). VG-lista. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  111. ^ "Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video". Polish Airplay Top 20.
  112. ^ "Chart Search Results – Portugal Digital Songs 2012-10-27". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  113. ^ "Archive Chart". Scottish Singles Top 40.
  114. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 20138 into search.
  115. ^ "Search: Gaon International Download Chart – Issue date: 2012.10.07 – 2012.10.13" (in Korean). Gaon Chart. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  116. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Adele – Skyfall" Canciones Top 50.
  117. ^ "Adele – Skyfall – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart.
  118. ^ "October 2012/ Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart.
  119. ^ "Adele Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Adele.
  120. ^ "Adele Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Adele.
  121. ^ "Adele Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Adele.
  122. ^ "Adele Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Adele.
  123. ^ "Adele Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Adele.
  124. ^ "JAAROVERZICHTEN 2012" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  125. ^ "RAPPORTS ANNUELS 2012" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  126. ^ The first is the list of the best-selling domestic singles of 2012 in Finland, the second is that of the foreign singles:
  127. ^ "Classement des 200 premiers Singles Fusionnés par GfK année 2012". SNEP. Retrieved 2013-02-03. 
  128. ^ "MAHASZ Rádiós TOP 100 2012" (in hungarian). Mahasz. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  129. ^ "JAAROVERZICHTEN - SINGLE 2012" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  130. ^ "JAAROVERZICHTEN 2013" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  131. ^ "RAPPORTS ANNUELS 2013" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  132. ^ "MAHASZ Rádiós TOP 100 - radios 2013" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  133. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2012 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  134. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – 2012". Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. 
  135. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Adele – Skyfall". Music Canada. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  136. ^ "Certificeringer" (in Danish). IFPI Denmark. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  137. ^ a b The first web page presents the sales figures, the second presents the certification limits:
  138. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Adele; 'Skyfall')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  139. ^ "Italian single certifications – Adele – Skyfall" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry.  Select Online in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Adele in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
  140. ^ "Mexican sales certification" (in Spanish). AMPROFON. 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  141. ^ "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart – 17 December 2012". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  142. ^ "British single certifications – Adele – Skyfall". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Skyfall in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go
  143. ^ "American single certifications – Adele – Skyfall". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 6 December 2012.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  144. ^ "Cover songs flood digital music services as artists of all stripes try to build fan base". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). 30 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 

External links[edit]