Skylark launch tower
A Skylark tower is a tower used for the launch of earlier versions of Skylark rockets. As Skylark rockets have no guidance system and accelerate slowly, they require a safe launch tower with a height of at least 24 metres with a guidance system.
Later versions of the Skylark rocket were equipped with a more powerful engine and therefore did not need such a large guidance tower for launch.
Salto di Quirra
At Esrange, Sweden in 1972, a 30 metre high Skylark tower was built. The tower consists of a pyramid-like building with a launch tower on its top, in order to protect the rocket from cold before launch, necessary as Esrange is within the Arctic Circle. At launch, exhaust doors were opened to enable the smoke to leave the construct.
As Skylark rockets are no longer available, Esrange Skylark launch tower was modified in 2005 for launching Brazilian VSB-30 rockets. The tower is now used for launches of rockets manufactured in Brazil.
- European Space Agency: In Brief
- Skyscraper Page - features a diagram of the Woomera Skylark Tower
- Skyscraper Page - features a diagram of the Esrange Skylark Tower
- Skylark Tower at Structurae
- University of Leicester: The Skylark Sounding Rocket
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References 1. Description in DORADO,José M. Spain and the European Space Effort. Studies in Modern Science and Technology from the International Academy of the History of Science, Volume 5. Beauchesne. Paris 2008 pp 75-119