A skyline is the horizon that nature, or a city's overall structure creates. City skylines serve as a kind of fingerprint as no two skylines are alike. For this reason, news and sports programs, television shows, and movies often display the skyline of a city to set a location. The term The Sky Line of New York City was first introduced in 1896, when it was the title of a color lithograph by Charles Graham for the color supplement of the New-York Journal.
- 1 History
- 2 Features
- 3 Architectural features
- 4 Use of skylines in media
- 5 Subjective ranking of skylines
- 6 Gallery
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Some natural wild skylines have been unintentionally modified for commercial reasons.
Towers from different eras make for contrasting skylines.
San Gemignano has an "unforgettable skyline" with its competitively built towers.
The Colosseum and Beijing Olympic stadium 2008 give varied sport stadium skylines.
Some remote locations have striking skylines.
Notable architects influencing skyline
Norman Foster's Gherkin and Hearst tower have added to the skylines in London and New York.
Albert Speer made a notable night time skyline with searchlights at Nuremberg.
Use of skylines in media
Skylines are sometimes used as backgrounds for news and other television shows.
Subjective ranking of skylines
Several services rank skylines based on their own subjective criteria. Emporis is one such service, which uses height and other data to give point values to buildings and add them together for skylines.
Stonehenge's skyline has been known for millennia
Historic buildings in Toledo, Spain have been part of the city skyline for many years
The night skyline at the Omni neighborhood in Miami, Florida
The skyline of London in 2008
- "Moving Uptown". New York Public Library. Archived from the original on 2014-12-29.
When Charles Graham's view of New York was published, the new term used in the title, "sky line," caught on immediately.
- Paul D. Spreiregen (1965). Urban Design: The Architecture of Towns and Cities. McGraw-Hill.
- Heath, Tom; Smith, Sandy G.; Lim, Bill (July 2000). "Tall Buildings and the Urban Skyline: The Effect of Visual Complexity on Preferences". Environment and Behavior 32 (4): 541–556. doi:10.1177/00139160021972658. ISSN 0013-9165.
- McNeill, Donald (February 2005). "Skyscraper geography". Progress Human Geography 29 (1): 41–55. doi:10.1191/0309132505ph527oa.
geographers have tended to neglect the substantial impact of skyscrapers on urban life.
- Emporis ranking of cities by the visual impact of their skylines
- Attoe, Wayne (1981). Skylines: understanding and molding urban silhouettes. Wiley. ISBN 9780471279402.
- Bacon, Edmund (1967). Design of Cities. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-14-004236-9.
- Lim, Bill; Heath, Tom (1993). Hayman H., ed. "What is skyline: a quantitative approach". Architectural science: past, present and future, Proceedings of the Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (Sydney: University of Sydney): 23–32.
- Ford, Larry R. (1976). "The urban skyline as a city classification system". Journal of Geography (Taylor & Francis) 75 (3): 154–164. doi:10.1080/00221347608980594.
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