Slănic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the town in Bacău County, see Slănic-Moldova. For the village in Argeş County, see Aninoasa, Argeş.
Slănic
Town
Coat of arms of Slănic
Coat of arms
Slănic is located in Romania
Slănic
Slănic
Location of Slănic
Coordinates: 45°14′0″N 25°56′21″E / 45.23333°N 25.93917°E / 45.23333; 25.93917Coordinates: 45°14′0″N 25°56′21″E / 45.23333°N 25.93917°E / 45.23333; 25.93917
Country  Romania
County Prahova County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Daneluș Costea (Greater Romania Party)
Area
 • Total 39.2 km2 (15.1 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 7,200
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Slănic (Romanian pronunciation: [sləˈnik]) is one of the 14 towns of Prahova County, Romania, historically and currently known as a salt extraction center, as well as a spa town, with salt lakes. Two villages, Groșani and Prăjani, are administered by the town.

Etymology[edit]

Scenic view of Slănic
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1912 5,512 —    
1930 6,306 +14.4%
1948 6,495 +3.0%
1956 6,842 +5.3%
1966 7,307 +6.8%
1977 7,780 +6.5%
1992 7,654 −1.6%
2002 7,249 −5.3%
2011 5,934 −18.1%
Source: Census data
The collapsed Bride's Cave (Grota Miresei)

As its name (salt in Slavonic) suggests, most of Slănic's history and economy are directly related to the presence of relatively large quantities of salt underground, and even in open air.

Slănic is also the name of the creek flowing through the town, tributary of Vărbilău River, which in turn is a tributary of Teleajen River.

Although technically incorrect, the compounded name Slănic Prahova is also being used, especially in other parts of Romania. This alternative name was probably generated to help discern between Slănic and another Romanian town, Slănic-Moldova.

Tourism[edit]

Inside the Slănic salt mine

The town is famous for its salt lakes (or Băi): The Shepherd’s (Baia Baciului), The Green (Baia Verde) and The Red (Baia Roşie) Lakes, as well as for the Old (Salina Veche) and New (Salina Nouă) Salt Mines. While salt is still being extracted from the New Salt Mine, the Old Mine is open to the public now, being used as a spa, amusement center and museum of the salt mining industry. International contests of Indoor Model Aircraft Flying (Modellism) take place annually in the upper level (Mina Mihai) of the Old Mine.

Other worthwhile tourist objectives, all within easy reach for any untrained hiker, are a local water spring named The Cold Fountain (Fântâna Rece), the TV Relay Tower (Releu) beyond The Fir Forest (Pădurea de Brazi), Beacon's Hill (Dealul cu Semn), The Salt Mountain (Muntele de Sare) with the legendary Bride's Cave (Grota Miresei), now partially collapsed due to rain erosion, as well as The Green Rock (Piatra Verde) and The Colt's Small Hill (Deluşorul Mânzului).

External links[edit]