Slaithwaite

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Coordinates: 53°37′N 1°53′W / 53.62°N 1.88°W / 53.62; -1.88

Slaithwaite
Narrow canal.jpg
Huddersfield Narrow Canal at Slaithwaite
Slaithwaite is located in West Yorkshire
Slaithwaite
Slaithwaite
 Slaithwaite shown within West Yorkshire
OS grid reference SE079141
    - London 165 mi (266 km)  SE
Metropolitan borough Kirklees
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HUDDERSFIELD
Postcode district HD7
Dialling code 01484
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Colne Valley
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Slaithwaite /ˈslæθ.wt/, locally Slawit /ˈsl.ɨt/ (Old Norse: Timber-fell clearing),[1] is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it lies in the Colne Valley, lying across the River Colne and the Huddersfield Narrow Canal, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Huddersfield.

History[edit]

The village was part of the Earl of Dartmouth estates, a chapelry, in the parishes of Huddersfield and Almondbury, union of Huddersfield, Upper division of the wapentake of Agbrigg and included the township of 'Lingarths' (Lingards)[2] and the Township of Slaithwaite.

In the early 19th century a local spring was discovered to contain sulphurous properties and minerals, similar to those found in Harrogate. Sometime after 1820 a bathing facility was built, along with a gardens and pleasure ground, with some visitor cottages. A free school was founded in 1721 and rebuilt twice: first in 1744, and again in 1842.

In the 1848 edition of 'A Topographical Dictionary of England', Samuel Lewis (the editor) wrote:- "the lands are in meadow and pasture, with a small portion of arable; the scenery is bold and romantic. In the quarries of the district are found vegetable fossils, especially firs and other mountain trees. The village is beautifully seated in the valley of the river Colne; the inhabitants are chiefly employed in the woollen manufacture, in the spinning of cotton and silk, and in silk-weaving"[3]

Slaithwaite Hall, thought to date from the mid-15th century, is located on a nearby hillside. It is one of a number of cruck framed buildings clustered in this area of West Yorkshire.[4] After many years divided into cottages, the building has been extensively restored and is now a single dwelling.[5]

Legend has it that local smugglers caught by the excise men tried to explain their nocturnal activities as 'raking the moon from the canal' and definitely not as 'fishing out smuggled brandy'.[6] A "Moonraker" is now the official[who?] nickname for a native of the village. Similar stories and nicknames exist for the neighbouring villages of Golcar ("Lillies"), Marsden ("Cuckoos") and Linthwaite ("Leadboilers"). The legend is also known in Wiltshire, where the locals are also known as 'Moonrakers'.[7]

An apocryphal story associated with Slaithwaite is that in the 19th century, when tenants came to the village to pay their annual rent, The 5th Earl of Dartmouth would provide 'rent dinners' and that the shoulder of mutton was the most favoured with the tables of hot roast beef, mutton and tongue (cooked together in the set pot) being available there at that time.

Economy[edit]

Recent projects have seen a major restoration of the canal. That required a full re-excavation and new lock gates. Following the emergence of the railway network they were little used and closed down then filled in during 1956. The refurbishment has revitalised the high street area and Slaithwaite is currently the only village in England with a canal running alongside its main street.

There are several significant local employers, including Thornton & Ross (a pharmaceuticals manufacturer),[8] Shaw Pallets,[9] and Spectrum Yarns - one of a small number of remaining textiles businesses in the Colne Valley, once a major centre for wool.

Shopping and entertainment[edit]

The Silent Woman public house

Slaithwaite has a mixture of shops, restaurants and cafes. Of particular note is the local butcher, E.Grange & Son (Master Pie Makers),[10] selling their own brand of pork pies, which have won some awards.[11] Other shops include two 'community' style business:- 'The Green Valley Grocer'[12] and 'The Handmade Bakery'.[13] Various other shops cater to tourists brought in by the television coverage of the area.

There are several public houses in Slaithwaite. The 'Silent Woman' pub came to the attention of the world media on 23 September 2007, when a man walked into the pub and ordered a pint of beer a few minutes after he had murdered his son and attacked his daughter with a knife.[14]

Transport[edit]

The Slaithwaite Viaduct

More modern transport is provided by the Slaithwaite railway station, which has direct trains to Huddersfield and Manchester. The Colne Valley defines local geography by channelling the railway line, the canal and the A62: each of which has at one time been the primary means of transport across the Pennines. The small humpbacked bridge over the canal is called 'Tim Brig' this is said to be named after a local inn keeper who used the bridge during smuggling operations with the narrowboats passing through.

There are several bus links from Slaithwaite to several areas in the Huddersfield area.[15] Services run by First West Yorkshire go from Slaithwaite to Marsden, Oldham & Manchester and to Huddersfield. Other bus services are to Holmfirth, Blackmoorfoot and surrounding villages.

Culture[edit]

In February, on alternate years, Slaithwaite celebrates an 18th-century legend of Moonraking with the Slaithwaite Moonraking Festival, with a week of lantern making and a programme of storytelling. The week-long celebration, which always takes place during the school half term week, ends with a parade of lanterns around the village, and a festival finale by the canal in the centre of the village. A heritage lottery funded project 'Wild about Wool', that is collating memories of the industrial heritage of the Colne Valley, is linked to the festival. 'Wool' was also the theme of the festival held in February 2011.[16]

The Slaithwaite Philharmonic Orchestra[17] was founded here in 1891. An 80-strong amateur orchestra, the orchestra also plays an annual season of concerts in Huddersfield.

Slaithwaite Brass Band[18] have been making music here since 1892. They perform at many concerts and events throughout the year and have had many successes over the years including being the first band to gain the Grand Shield twice.

Parts of both Slaithwaite and Marsden were used to create the village called 'Skelthwaite' in the British TV show Where the Heart Is.

Sport[edit]

Rugby League is the main sport played in the village. The Slaithwaite Saracens compete in the Peninne Rugby League premier division, as champions of Division One. They achieved the Huddersfield double by also winning the Huddersfield Holliday cup. Cricket is also very popular in the village. Slaithwaite Cricket & Bowling Club, situated on Hill Top, during the summer becomes the heart of the community. It is a thriving club with many successful teams including winning Second XI Premiership Championship in the 2010 season.[19]

Notable people born in Slaithwaite[edit]


References[edit]