Slateford Aqueduct

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Slateford Aqueduct
Slateford Viaduct (9).jpg
Carries Union Canal
Crosses Water of Leith
Locale Longstone
Designer Hugh Baird, Thomas Telford
Total length 500 feet (150 m)
Height 75 feet (23 m)
Longest span 50 feet (15 m)
Number of spans Eight
Construction begin 1819
Construction end 1822
Coordinates 55°55′24″N 3°14′58″W / 55.923414°N 3.249454°W / 55.923414; -3.249454Coordinates: 55°55′24″N 3°14′58″W / 55.923414°N 3.249454°W / 55.923414; -3.249454

The Slateford Aqueduct is a navigable aqueduct in Slateford, Edinburgh, Scotland.

History[edit]

The view from the towpath

It was designed by Hugh Baird, and is modelled Thomas Telford's Chirk Aqueduct, as well as advice from Telford.[1] Different parts of the canal were tendered to contractors at different times, and the masonry for the Slateford Aqueduct was advertised to builders on 2 March 1818.[2] Baird wrote to Telford regarding the ironwork, as he had received a visit from James Thomson, representing the company of William Hazledine, who had worked on the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct. Baird was unsure about using a contractor based so far away, and also whether the contract should be just for the delivery of the plates or the delivery and assembly.[2] On 3 April 1818, Hugh McIntosh was chosen to construct the aqueduct, as he was the contractor for the east end of the canal.[2] After Thomson sent an estimate to Telford for the iron on 30 April, a revised specification was chosen by Baird, the contract for which was advertised on 18 July, and tenders opened on 11 August.[2] The offer by the partnership of Messrs. Craven, Whitaker and Nowell, riding on the success of their building a stone bridge over the River Ouse, was accepted as being "by far the most eligible."[2]

Construction had started by March 1819, after the laying of a foundation stone.[2] It lasted until 1822, and the canal opened that year.[1]

It was listed as a category B listed building in 1970.[3]

Design[edit]

A joint in the iron trough that makes the canal watertight

The Barton Aqueduct of 1761, and subsequent canal aqueducts in the United Kingdom, used large quantities of masonry and puddling to obtain watertightness.[2] After the success of The Iron Bridge in 1789, however, cast iron was used by Telford on aqueducts such as Chirk and Pontcysyllte.[2] Aqueducts built in the early part of the 19th century use either puddle clay or an iron trough in no particular pattern.[4]

The Slateford Aqueduct has eight arches of 50 feet (15 m) span, and is 500 feet (150 m) long and 75 feet (23 m) high above the Water of Leith.[1] The piers are battered, giving a larger footprint at the base than the top, and the spandrels are hollow, an innovation by Telford.[1]

It carries the Union Canal across Inglis Green Road and the Water of Leith at Slateford.[5][6] Just to the north of the aqueduct, on the side of the accessible towpath, is a builders yard, and further north is the parallel Slateford Viaduct, which carries an operational railway.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Edinburgh, Union Canal, Slateford Aqueduct". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Fleming, George (2000). The Millennium Link: The Rehabilitation of the Forth & Clyde and Union Canals. Thomas Telford. pp. 23–26. ISBN 978-0-7277-2945-3. 
  3. ^ "Union Canal Slateford Aqueduct over Inglis Green Road and Water of Leith. (ref:27958)". historic-scotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Cossons, Neil; Trinder, Barrie Stuart (2002). The Iron Bridge: symbol of the Industrial Revolution. Phillimore. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-86077-230-6. 
  5. ^ "Slateford Aqueduct". scottish-places.info. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Google Inc. "Slateford Aqueduct". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.co.uk/maps/@55.9231255,-3.2493791,312m/data=!3m1!1e3. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Edinburgh, Slateford Viaduct". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 

External links[edit]