Slava-class cruiser

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Slava-Cruiser-DN-SC-86-03642.JPEG
Slava c.1986
Class overview
Builders: 61 Kommunara  Soviet Union
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
Preceded by: Kynda class
Succeeded by: Kirov
Building: 0
Planned: 10[1]
Completed: 3
Cancelled: 6
Active: 3
Laid up: 1 (construction incomplete)
General characteristics
Class & type: Guided Missile Cruiser
Displacement:

9,800-10,000 tons standard

11,200-12,500 tons full load
Length: 186.4 m
Beam: 20.8 m
Draught: 8.4 m
Propulsion: COGOG:2 M70 cruise gas turbines, 2 cruise steam turbines, 2 exhaust gas boilers, 4 x M8KF Gas turbines, 2 Shafts, 130,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots
Range: 7,500 miles @ 18 knots
Complement: 485 (66 Off, 419 WO/Enl),[1] alternate information 476-529 (84 Off, 75 WO, 370 Enl)[2]
Sensors and
processing systems:

Radar: MR-800 Voshkod/Top Pair 3-D long range air search, MR-700 Fregat/Top Steer (first two) or MR-710 Fregat-MA/Top Plate (second two) 3-D air search
Sonar: MG-332 Tigan-2T/Bull Nose hull mounted LF, Platina/Horse Tail MF VDS

Fire Control: Volna/Top Dome SA-N-6 SAM control, MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SA-N-4 SAM control, Argument/Front Door-C SSM control
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Kol'cho suite with Gurzhor-A&B/Side Globe intercept, MR-404/Rum Tub jammers, Bell Crown intercept, Bell Push intercept 2 PK-2 decoy RL, 12 PK-10 decoy RL (in last two units only)
Armament: Missiles:
• 16 (8 x 2) P-500 Bazalt (SS-N-12 Sandbox) anti-ship missiles
• 64 (8 x 8) S-300PMU Fort (SA-N-6 Grumble) long-range surface-to-air missiles
• 2 x 2 OSA-M (SA-N-4 Gecko) SR SAM
Guns:
• 1 twin AK-130 130mm/L70 dual purpose guns
• 6 x 6 AK-630 close-in weapons systems
Torpedoes and others:
• 2 x 12 RBU-6000 anti-submarine mortars
• 10 (2 x 5) 533mm torpedo tubes
Armor: Splinter plating
Aircraft carried: 1 Kamov Ka-25 or Kamov Ka-27 Helicopter

The Slava class cruiser (Soviet designation Project 1164 Atlant) is a type of large, conventionally powered warship, designed and constructed for the Soviet Navy and currently operated by the Russian Navy.

Design[edit]

Placement of P-500 Bazalt (SS-N-12 Sandbox) launchers on the Slava class.
Close up view of SA-N-6 launchers on Marshal Ustinov.

The design started in the late 1960s, based around use of the P-500 Bazalt missile, and was intended as a less expensive conventionally powered alternative to the nuclear-powered Kirov class battlecruiser. There was a long delay in this programme, while the problems with the Bazalt were resolved. These ships acted as flagships for numerous task forces. All ships were built at the 61 Kommunar yard, in Mykolaiv (Nikolaev), Ukrainian SSR. The class was a follow up to the Kara class cruiser which the Soviet Navy typed as a Large Anti-submarine Ship (Russ. BPK), constructed at the same shipyard and appears to be built on a stretched version of Kara hull.[3]

The Slava class was initially designated BLACKCOM 1 (Black Sea Combatant 1) and then designated the Krasina class for a short period until Slava was observed at sea. The SS-N-12 launchers are fixed facing forward at around 8° elevation with no reloads available. As there was nothing revolutionary about the design of the class western observers felt they were created as a hedge against the failure of the more radical Kirov class.[4] The helicopter hangar deck is located 1/2 deck below the landing pad with a ramp connecting the two.[5]

Originally 10 ships were planned, but with the collapse of the Soviet Union only three were completed. A fourth vessel was launched, but final construction remains incomplete and the ship has not been commissioned into service.

Today, the three finished ships serve in the Russian Navy and the uncompleted fourth vessel, renamed "Ukrayina", is owned by Ukraine. Efforts have been made to complete and update the unfinished ship; in 2010, Ukrainian president Yanukovich stated that Russia and Ukraine would work together on the project. Russia has also expressed interest in purchasing the vessel, which Ukraine has previously offered for sale. However, as of early 2011 no final agreement has been concluded between the two countries, on this matter.[6] The Russian navy has plans for extensive upgrades of all their Slava-class vessels during the 2010s; completing work on the Ukrayina may serve as a test-bed this.

Units[edit]

Original Ship Name Renamed Commissioned Service Status
Slava ("Glory") Moskva Москва ("Moscow") Laid down 1976, launched 1979, commissioned 1982, renamed in 1995. In service with the Black Sea Fleet. Overhauled from 1991 to 1998.[1] Was involved in the 2008 South Ossetia war. 3.Dec 2009 was laid up at floating dock PD-30 for scheduled interim overhaul. Back in service in 2010 with exercises scheduled in the Indian Ocean.[7] Involved in Russia's Vostok 2010 military drills in the Sea of Okhotsk in July 2010.[8] Sent to Syria in 2013.[9][10]
Admiral Flota Lobov ("Admiral Flota Lobov") Marshal Ustinov Маршал Устинов (named after Dmitriy Ustinov) Laid down 1978, launched in 1982, commissioned in 1986. In service with the Russian Navy, Northern Fleet Laid up 1994-1996. Will be transferred to the Russian Pacific Fleet in 2012.[11][12]
Chervona Ukrayina, ("Red Ukraine") Varyag Варяг ("Varangian") laid down 1979, launched 1983, commissioned 1989. In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet. Listed as under reduced manning since 2002. Operating with a caretaker crew at reduced readiness since arrival with Russian Pacific Fleet in 1990. Re-entered service in the Pacific Fleet in early 2008 after an overhaul.[13]
Komsomolets, then Admiral Flota Lobov Ukrayina ("Ukraine") Laid down 1983, Launched 1990 Was never finished because of budget problems and was later passed to Ukraine. Moored unfinished in Mykolaiv, Ukraine. In May 2010 Russia reportedly agreed to help complete the cruiser.[14]
Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya ("October Revolution")[1] Laid down 1988 cancelled and disassembled on the way in 1990
Admiral Flota Sovetskovo Soyuza Gorshkov ("Fleet Admiral of the Soviet Union Gorshkov")[1] Lay down planned for 1990 cancelled in 1990
Varyag[1] cancelled in 1990
Sevastopol[1] cancelled in 1990

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Ударные корабли, Том 11, часть 1, Ю.В. Апалков, Галея Принт, Санкт-Петербург, 2003
  2. ^ GlobalSecurity.org Project 1164 Atlant - Specs.
  3. ^ GlobalSecurity.org Project 1164 Atlant.
  4. ^ Modern naval combat. / David Miller, Chris Miller. p. 150. London ; New York : Salamander Books, c1986. ISBN 0-86101-231-3
  5. ^ Encyclopedia Of World Sea Power by Tony Cullen p.86 ISBN 0-517-65342-7
  6. ^ "The Future of the Russian Navy Part 1: Large Combat Ships « Russian Military Reform". Russiamil.wordpress.com. 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  7. ^ "Russia sends additional missile cruiser to Indian Ocean | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  8. ^ "Russia's Medvedev oversees naval phase of Vostok-2010 military drills | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  9. ^ "Moskva" Military Factory, 6 September 2013. Accessed: 7 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Russia sends missile cruiser to Mediterranean" Toronto Star, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 7 September 2013.
  11. ^ 24.03.2011 (2011-03-24). "Missile cruiser Marshal Ustinov moves to Pacific Fleet". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  12. ^ "Refitted Slava class guided missile cruiser Marshal Ustinov to rejoin Russian Fleet in 2015". December 16, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Krasina/Slava class". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2007-02-27. 
  14. ^ "Russia to help Ukraine finish construction of missile cruiser | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2010-05-17. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 

External links[edit]

External images
Diagram of Moskva