Slave Lake

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For the lakes, see Great Slave Lake and Lesser Slave Lake.
Slave Lake
Town
Town of Slave Lake
Main street in August 2006
Main street in August 2006
Slave Lake is located in Alberta
Slave Lake
Slave Lake
Location of Slave Lake in Alberta
Coordinates: 55°17′07″N 114°46′14″W / 55.28528°N 114.77056°W / 55.28528; -114.77056Coordinates: 55°17′07″N 114°46′14″W / 55.28528°N 114.77056°W / 55.28528; -114.77056
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Northern Alberta
Census division 17
Municipal district M.D. of Lesser Slave River No. 124
Incorporated 1965
Government[1]
 • Mayor Tyler Warman
 • Governing body
 • CAO Brian Vance
 • MP David Yurdiga (Fort McMurray-Athabasca-Cons)
 • MLA Pearl Calahasen (Lesser Slave Lake-PC)
Area (2011)[2]
 • Total 14.18 km2 (5.47 sq mi)
Elevation [3] 590 m (1,940 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 6,782
 • Density 478.4/km2 (1,239/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
Postal code span T0G
Area code(s) +1-780
Highways Highway 2
Bicentennial Highway
Waterways Lesser Slave Lake
Lesser Slave River
Website Official website

Slave Lake is a town in northern Alberta, Canada, in the Municipal District of Lesser Slave River No. 124. It is located on the southeast shore of Lesser Slave Lake at the junction of Highway 2 and Highway 88.

History[edit]

The area of the present-day Town of Slave Lake was discovered by Europeans when David Thompson visited the area in 1799. Following his brief visit, several fur trading posts were established around Slave Lake, with a Hudson's Bay Company post established at the mouth of the lake. The first community, called Sawridge, was renamed Slave Lake in 1923. It was wiped out by a flood in the 1930s, and was subsequently moved to the current location. It was incorporated as a town in 1965.[4]

The Town of Slave Lake was inundated by the flood of Sawridge Creek in July 1988.[5]

2011 wildfire[edit]

On May 15, 2011, large parts of the town were affected by wildfires in the area. Winds pushed the flames into the town and destroyed many houses and businesses. Mandatory evacuation orders were issued, but with highways being closed, residents were urged to make their way to beaches, large parking lots, and open spaces.[6][7] Highway 2 had been closed at the outset of the fire, but eventually re-opened for evacuation,[8] with full evacuation ordered for Slave Lake.[9]

On May 16, provincial officials said that 40% of the town had been destroyed or damaged, including the town hall, the library, a radio station, a mall and a significant number of homes and other buildings; no injuries or deaths were reported.[10][11][12][13] On May 17, Mayor Karina Pillay-Kinnee indicated one-third of the town had been destroyed by the wildfire.[14] On May 20, 2011, a firefighting helicopter crashed into the Lesser Slave Lake near Canyon Creek where its pilot died at the scene. It crashed about 30 m (98 ft) off shore into water that was 1.5 m (4.9 ft) deep.[15] On July 6, Prince William and Catherine, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, visited the town to offer encouragement to residents and rebuilding efforts.[16]

Geography[edit]

Climate

Slave Lake experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) that borders on a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Slave Lake had a population of 6,782 living in 2,294 of its 2,554 total dwellings, a 1.2% change from its 2006 population of 6,703. With a land area of 14.18 km2 (5.47 sq mi), it had a population density of 478.3/km2 (1,238.7/sq mi) in 2011.[2]

The population of the Town of Slave Lake according to its 2007 municipal census is 7,031.[20]

In 2006, Slave Lake had a population of 6,703 living in 2,342 dwellings, a 1.6% increase from 2001. The town has a land area of 14.18 km2 (5.47 sq mi) and a population density of 472.8 /km2 (1,225 /sq mi).[21]

Sports[edit]

In 1994, the town hosted the Arctic Winter Games which is a celebration of circumpolar sports and culture.

Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Slave Lake Wolves
NWJHL
Ice Hockey Arctic Ice Centre
N/A
1

Government[edit]

Residents of Slave Lake are in the electoral district of Fort McMurray—Athabasca for elections to the federal House of Commons, and Lesser Slave Lake for elections to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. In the next federal election, Slave Lake will become part of the newly formed electoral district of Peace River—Westlock.[22]

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  3. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 9, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Town History". Town of Slave Lake. Retrieved 2011-05-16. [dead link]
  5. ^ "1988 Flood Archive". Dartmouth Flood Observatory. July 2003. Retrieved 2011-05-16. 
  6. ^ Wingrove, Josh (May 15, 2011). "Change in winds caused chaos for fire-devastated Slave Lake, Alta.". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved 2011-05-16. 
  7. ^ Ibrahim, Mariam; Jesse Snyder; Julianna Cummins (May 16, 2011). "Slave Lake burns as thousands evacuated". Edmonton Journal. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2011-05-16. 
  8. ^ "Wildfire Update: HWY 2 Re-Opened". 93.5 Prairie FM. Newcap Radio. May 15, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  9. ^ "Wildfire Update: Slave Lake". 93.5 Prairie FM. Newcap Radio. May 15, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  10. ^ "Slave Lake firefighters struggle to save town". CBC News. May 16, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-16. 
  11. ^ "Aerial view of fire damage in Slave Lake". CTV Edmonton. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  12. ^ Ibrahim, Mariam; Ryan Cormier (May 16, 2011). "A third of town reduced to ashes: Slave Lake mayor". National Post. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  13. ^ "Destroyed Slave Lake radio station turns to internet". CBC News. 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  14. ^ Ibrahim, Mariam; Ryan Cormier (2011-05-17). "One-third of Slave Lake destroyed in massive wildfire, mayor says". Edmonton Journal. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2011-05-17. 
  15. ^ "Pilot dies in helicopter crash near Slave Lake". CBC News. 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  16. ^ "Prince William and Kate arrive... at town devastated by wildfire". The Daily Mail. 2011-07-06. 
  17. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  18. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  20. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2009-09-15). "Alberta 2009 Official Population List". Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  21. ^ Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Slave Lake - Community Profile". Retrieved 2011-05-16. 
  22. ^ Alberta Redistribution Commission. "Alberta redistribution". Retrieved 2014-02-01. 

External links[edit]