||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2014)|
|• Total||58.9 km2 (22.7 sq mi)|
Sloviansk (Ukrainian: Слов'янськ, translit. Slov'ians'k; Russian: Славянск, tranlit. Slavyansk; also spelled Slovyansk and Slaviansk) is a city in eastern Ukraine, an administrative center of the Sloviansk Raion (district) within the Donetsk Oblast. It was founded in 1676, and has a population of 129,600.
In 1676 a fortress named Tor was built at the confluence of the Kazenyy Torets and Sukhyy Torets rivers where they form the Torets river, a tributary of Donets river. Shortly thereafter the town of Tor grew up next to the fortress.
As several salt lakes were located close by, the town became a producer of salt. During the sixteenth century, salt production was the principal local industry, but during the eighteenth century it became unprofitable and ceased on December 21, 1782.
In 1784 the city was renamed Sloviansk.
Currently the city is an important health resort.
The principal industry of the city concerns machine building:
- •Slavtyzamash factory of heavy engineering («Slavtyazhmash») - coke chemical equipment is made for the Lipecka, Kemerova, and Cherepovca businesses. Companies in Mariupol, Kryvyi Rih, Donetsk, and Dniprodzerzhynsk use their products.
- •The Betonmash machine-building factory, which produces complete concrete mixing plants.
- •The Slavonic mechanical plant, which currently is well-equipped and employs approximately four hundred people.
- •The Artem Armature-insulator factory.
- •A factory producing high-voltage insulators for hydroelectric power stations and thermal power-stations.
Religious organisations • Christian churches:
- Cathedral of Novomuchenikov of Confessors (Russian Orthodox)
- Svyatovoskresenskiy Church
- Church of the Apostle Andrey Pervozvannogo;
- Church of Oleksandr Nevsky;
- Church of Seraphim Sarovskogo;
- The "Kind New" Christian Center Church
- Church of Jesus Christ of the Protestant Church of Ukraine
- (Russian)/(Ukrainian)/(English) Official website
- (Russian) Unofficial website of Slavjansk Trolleybus system
- Marble sculpture of Nicolai Shmatko