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|• Total||58.9 km2 (22.7 sq mi)|
Sloviansk (Ukrainian: Слов'янськ, translit. Slov”yans’k; Russian: Славянск, translit. Slavyansk; also spelled Slawjansk and Slaviansk) is a city in eastern Ukraine, an administrative center of the Sloviansk Raion (district) within the Donetsk Oblast. It was founded in 1676, and has a population of 129,600.
In 1676 a fortress named Tor was built at the confluence of the Kazenyy Torets and Sukhyy Torets rivers where they form the Torets river, a tributary of Donets river. Shortly thereafter the town of Tor grew up next to the fortress.
As several salt lakes were located close by, the town became a producer of salt. During the sixteenth century, salt production was the principal local industry, but during the eighteenth century it became unprofitable and ceased on December 21, 1782.
In 1784 the city was renamed Sloviansk.
Currently the city is an important health resort.
The principal industry of the city concerns machine building:
- Slavtyzamash factory of heavy engineering («Slavtyazhmash») - coke chemical equipment is made for the Lipecka, Kemerova, and Cherepovca businesses. Companies in Mariupol, Kryvyi Rih, Donetsk, and Dniprodzerzhynsk use their products.
- The Betonmash machine-building factory, which produces complete concrete mixing plants.
- The Slavonic mechanical plant, which currently is well-equipped and employs approximately four hundred people.
- The Artem Armature-insulator factory.
- A factory producing high-voltage insulators for hydroelectric power stations and thermal power-stations.
- Cathedral of Novomuchenikov of Confessors (Russian Orthodox)
- Svyatovoskresenskiy Church
- Church of the Apostle Andrey Pervozvanny;
- Church of Oleksandr Nevsky;
- Church of Seraphim Sarovsky;
- The "Kind New" Christian Center Church
- Church of Jesus Christ of the Protestant Church of Ukraine
On April 12 2014, during the ongoing crisis following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, masked men in army fatigues and bulletproof vests armed with Kalashnikov assault rifles captured the executive committee building, the police department and SBU office in Sloviansk. Ukrainian Interior Minister Arsen Avakov described the gunmen as "terrorists" and vowed to use the Ukrainian special forces to retake the building.
On April 13, there were reports of fighting between the gunmen and Ukranian troops, with casualties on both sides. The BBC's David Stern described the pro-Russian forces as carrying Russian weapons and resembling the soldiers that took over Crimean installations at the start of the 2014 Crimean crisis.
- "Slov”yans’k: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- "Slavyansk: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- "Slawjansk: Ukraine". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- Rachkevych, Mark (12 April 2014). "Armed pro-Russian extremists launch coordinated attacks in Donetsk Oblast, seize buildings and set up checkpoints". Kyiv Post.
- "Armed men seize police department in east Ukraine: minister". Reuters. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- "Gunmen seize Ukraine police station in Sloviansk". BBC News. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
- "Ukraine crisis: Casualties in Sloviansk gun battles". BBC News. 13 APril 2014.
- "Ukraine Army Launches 'Anti-Terror' Operation". Sky News via Yahoo! News. 13 April 2014.
- (Russian)/(Ukrainian)/(English) Official website
- (Russian) Unofficial website of Slavjansk Trolleybus system
- Marble sculpture of Nicolai Shmatko