Slavo-Serbia

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Slavo-Serbia
Славеносрбија
Славяносербия
Слов’яносе́рбія
territory of Russian Empire
1753–1764
Location of Slavo-Serbia
Capital Bakhmut (Bahmut)
History
 -  Established 1753
 -  Abolished 1764

Slavo-Serbia (Ukrainian: Слов’яносе́рбія; Russian: Славяносербия (Slavyanoserbiya); Serbian: Славеносрбија or Slavenosrbija; archaic Serbian name: Славено-Сербія) was a territory of Imperial Russia between 1753 and 1764. It was located by the right bank of the Donets River between the Bakhmut (Бахмут) and Luhan (Лугань) rivers. This area today constitutes the territories of present-day Luhansk Oblast and Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine. The administrative centre of Slavo-Serbia was Bakhmut (Bahmut).

History[edit]

By the decree of the Senate of May 29, 1753, the free lands of this area were offered for settlement to Serbs, Vlachs (Romanians), Hungarians, Bulgarians, Greeks and other Balkan peoples of Orthodox Christian denomination in order to ensure frontier protection and development of this part of Southern steppes.[1]

Slavo-Serbia was directly governed by Russia's Governing Senate. The settlers eventually formed the Bakhmut hussar regiment in 1764. Also in 1764, Slavo-Serbia was transformed into the Donets uyezd of Yekaterinoslav Governorate (now in Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast', Ukraine).

Commandants of Slavo-Serbia were Colonels Rajko Preradović and Jovan Šević. These Serbian colonels led their soldiers in various Russian military campaigns; in peacetime they kept the borderlands, along with the Cossacks, free from incursions by other states.

Demographics[edit]

The province had ethnically diverse population that included Serbs, Vlachs (Romanians), Hungarians and others. In 1755, the population of Slavo-Serbia numbered 1,513 inhabitants (of both genders).

In 1756, in the regiment of Jovan Šević, there were 38% Serbs, 23% Vlachs, 9% Hungarians and 22% others.[2] In 1763, the population of Slavo-Serbia numbered 3,992 male inhabitants, of whom only 378 were Serbs.

Places of Slavo-Serbia[edit]

Serbian name (mid-18th century)(1) Ukrainian name (mid-18th century)(2) Later or current Ukrainian (Russian) name(2)
Bahmut Baxmut — Бахмут Artemivs'k — Артемівськ (Артёмовск)
Serebrjanka Serebrjanka — Серебрянка Serebrjanka — Серебрянка (Серебрянка)
Privoljno Pryvol'ne — Привольне Pryvillja — Привілля (Приволье)
Verhnja Verxnje — Верхнє -
Nižnje Nyžnje — Нижнє Nyžnje — Нижнє (Нижнее)
Lugansko Luhans'ke — Луганське Luhans'ke — Луганське (Луганское)
Trojicka Troïc'ke — Троїцьке Troïc'ke — Троїцьке (Троицкое)
Kalinovo Kalynovs'ke — Калиновське Kalinove — Калинове (Калиново)
Krimsko Kryms'ke — Кримське Kryms'ke — Кримське (Крымское)
Podgorno Pidgorne — Підгорне Slov"janoserbs'k — Слов'яносербськ (Славяносербск)
Horoše Xoroše — Хороше Xoroše — Хороше
Čerkasko Čerkas'ke — Черкаське Cherkaski Brod — Черкаський Брід (Черкасский Брод) /
Zymohir"ja — Зимогір'я (Зимогорье)
Žovta Žovte — Жовте Žovte — Жовте
Krasni Jar Krasnyj Jar — Красний Яр Krasnyj Jar — Красний Яр (Красный Яр)
Kamjani Brod Kam"janyj Brid — Кам'яний Врід Kam"janyj Brid — Кам'яний Брід (Каменный Брод)
Vergunci Vergunka — Вергунка Vergunka — Вергунка
Notes: (1)Serbian names given in the Serbian Latin alphabet. (2)Ukrainian names are given in Latin transliterations and native Cyrillic forms.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, Myroslav Yurkevich, vol. 2, Scarecrow Press, 2013, ISBN 081087847X, pp. 392-393, p. 584.
  2. ^ Posunjko 2002, p. 36

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mita Kostić, Nova Srbija i Slavenosrbija, Novi Sad, 2001.
  • Pavel Rudjakov, Seoba Srba u Rusiju u 18. veku, Beograd, 1995.
  • Olga M. Posunjko, Istorija Nove Srbije i Slavenosrbije, Novi Sad, 2002.

External links[edit]