Sleddale Hall in 2012
|Current tenants||Mike Harrison (farmer)|
Sleddale Hall is a historic farmhouse on the north side of the Wet Sleddale valley near Shap in Cumbria, England. It is famous for featuring as "Crow Crag", Uncle Monty's Lake District country cottage in the cult film Withnail and I.
House and farm
Not much is known of the early history of Sleddale Hall. In the medieval period large parts of Wet Sleddale were owned by Shap Abbey, and impressive cultivation terraces belonging to the Abbey's grange in the valley lie immediately to the north-east of Sleddale Hall. These terraces are especially clear on Google Earth. It is believed that Sleddale Hall was the home of William Rawes, Yeoman of Sleddale sometime between 1740 and 1758.
An 1802 description of Sleddale Hall and its surrounding farmland reads "Sleddale Hall is situated a few miles south westwards from Shap in a narrow valley among the mountains. We could find nothing to give us any information as to the quality of land in this farm. There is a considerable extent enclosed on each side of the vale which is at present singularly divided into different fields. This we calculated to be about 250 acres (1.0 km2), consisting partly of woodland, partly of poorish meadow ground, and partly of pasture, all of which, or nearly all, lies in rapid declivities. Besides the above inclosed ground, there may be about 2,300 acres (9.3 km2) of barren mountains, forming altogether a tolerably good sheep farm. The meadow ground is mostly capable of improvement by draining, & that at a reasonable expense. This farm, every thing considered we suppose may be worth a rent of £150. But as observed before, our means of calculating the value were very defective."
In 1829 Sleddale Hall was recorded as: "Sleddale Hall, now a farm-house belonging to C. Wilson, Esq., was long the seat of the ancient family of Sleddale, one of whom was the first Mayor of Kendal, and possessed Gillthwaite-Rigg, and some other estates." 
The Wet Sleddale Reservoir was built below the Hall some time in the 1960s to provide water for Manchester, flooding a small part of the dale.
By the time of the filming of Withnail and I in 1986, Sleddale Hall was derelict and in a state of considerable disrepair.
Filming of Withnail and I
Sleddale Hall stood in as "Crow Crag", the Lake District cottage owned by Uncle Monty in the film Withnail and I. The scenes at Sleddale Hall were filmed in August 1986. Actor Richard E. Grant, who played Withnail, recorded his first impressions of the farmhouse in his published diary:
2nd August. Mini-bus together out to the location in Wet Sleddale, supposedly the wettest corner of the United Kingdom, through numerous gates, up a mountainside to an abandoned cottage on the water board estate. Perfect. Looks exactly like the script suggests.
Filming took place both in the downstairs rooms of the house and in the exterior areas, including the small courtyard. The interior shots of the bedrooms and staircase were not filmed at Sleddale Hall, but at Stockers Farm, Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire.
Sleddale Hall in recent years
Sleddale Hall was owned by United Utilities, formerly North West Water. Following its appearance in Withnail and I, North West Water had planned to renovate the Hall and convert it into a holiday cottage and workshop. However, planning permission was refused on the grounds that it would alter the character of the valley. In 1998 the Hall was placed on the market, but did not sell.
In 2004 a Daily Mail reporter wrote that the house was in danger of demolition and United Utilities was, according to local people, 'open to offers', but wanted planning permission granted by the Lake District National Park Authority in order to gain maximum profit from the building. A United Utilities spokesperson commented: "We continue to explore all options open to us for the future of Sleddale Hall". Locals also stated that United Utilities did not want to sell Sleddale Hall to Withnail fans, due to worries that thousands of visitors would spoil the beauty spot. In 2006 the Hall was re-roofed.
Sleddale Hall is tenanted by a farmer, Mike Harrison, whose suckler herd which produces Blonde d'Aquitaine crossbred calves won the 2008 British Blonde Society’s biannual UK Commercial Herd of the Year Award. A judge said that the award was notable "considering the type of hard farm he is rearing them on": at Sleddale Hall the cows graze at between 980 ft (300 m) to 1,450 ft (440 m) above sea level, on rough grazing. The house itself was still dilapidated and uninhabited as of September 2008.
In January 2009 it was announced that Sleddale Hall had been put up for auction by United Utilities. The auction took place on 16 February 2009, with a guide price of over £145,000. A trust named 'The Crow Crag Collective' was set up on 22 January to try to buy the house at auction and preserve it for the fans of Withnail and I. The house originally sold at auction on 16 February 2009 for £265,000. The prospective purchaser was Sebastian Hindley, owner of the Mardale Inn in Bampton, a nearby village which also featured in the film. Hindley spoke of his purchase: "It's part of our heritage ... I'm very passionate about this area. I would like to transform it back to how it was in the film. It could be a working museum, with self-catering accommodation and maybe a tea room." The house does not currently have planning permission.
However, in May 2009 the sale of Sleddale Hall fell through and Sebastian Hindley is reported to have said that funding problems meant he had missed his deadline. United Utilities "considered its options", and when finances from the original buyer Hindley did not materialise, he was given more time by United Utilities but could not raise the cash.
United Utilities then sold Sleddale Hall to Tim Ellis, an architect from Canterbury in Kent, whose bid at the auction had originally failed. He plans to convert Sleddale Hall into a private home, retaining a "Withnail atmosphere". Ellis specialises in the restoration of historic buildings and said "I am delighted to have had a second chance to buy this beautiful building. I first saw the film about seven years ago and have been a fan ever since. I would like to restore the building in a way that other fans of the film could approve of."
A Certificate of Lawful Use was granted by the Lake District National Park Authority in March 2011. The Certificate confirms the residential status of Sleddale Hall in Planning Law. Building works to restore Sleddale Hall commenced in August 2011 and are due to be completed around August 2012 The works included a partial reconstruction of the courtyard elevation to include features which were added to the house for the film including a doorcase and window surrounds. For the film, these features were copied from a house in Mosedale and created using plaster of Paris. For the reconstruction, red Lazonby sandstone, from Stoneraise quarry North of Penrith, was used; it being a very close match to the sandstone used in the house.
Sleddale Hall is private property with no public right of way, but since the film came out has frequently been visited by fans of the film. An article in The Guardian in 2003 commented on the amount of rubbish (specifically beer cans) left behind at the Hall by the fans. Access to the interior of the house can be arranged by contacting the owner, whose email address can be found on a notice at Sleddale Hall or the Withnail & I Forum.
- "Remote retreats". The Evening Standard. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- "Shap Abbey". Shap Community Website. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- "Wetsleddale". Rawes website. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- Anon, 1802, Lowther Hall Farms (copy in Carlisle Record Office, D/Lons/L8/12, online at http://www.rawes.co.uk/rawes/docs/d001.htm)
- Parson and White, 1829, "Kendal Parish Out-townships" in History, Directory, And Gazetteer, Of The Counties Of Cumberland & Westmorland. With That Part Of The Lake District In Lancashire, Forming The Lordships Of Furness And Cartmel. Alphabetical Lists of the Seats of Nobility, Gentry, and Clergy. A General History and Description of Cumberland and Westmorland, and the whole of the Lake District.
- "Wild rovers". London: Guardian. 2003-05-17. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- Richard E. Grant, 1996, With Nails: The Film Diaries of Richard E. Grant
- A recent report in The Daily Telegraph ("Withnail's 'Horrible little shack' under the hammer" ) mistakenly states that 'only the exterior of the house features in the film; the interior was a stage set.' This is incorrect. All the downstairs shots - the kitchen, dining room and passageway/scullery area - were filmed within Sleddale Hall. Clearly the Telegraph's research is somewhat lacking.
- Thomas Hewitt-McManus, 2006, Withnail & I: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know But Were Too Drunk to Ask online at http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=IYS1iWXH5qcC
- "Bright Future for British Blondes". Stackyard News=. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- "Following in the footsteps of Withnail & I". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- "Farmhouse from cult film for sale". BBC News. 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
- "For sale: iconic piece of British cinematic history". United Utilities. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
- Tyzack, Anna (2009-02-16). "Property update: Withnail wreck sells at auction for £265,000". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- "Sleddale Hall sale falls through". The Westmorland Gazette. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- Pilling, Kim (2009-05-27). "Withnail Farmhouse Sale Falls Through". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2009-05-27.
- "Cumbria's "Withnail" house sold at last". United Utilities. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- Conversation with Tim Ellis at Sleddale Hall 27 Aug 2011
- Richard E. Grant, 1996, With Nails: The Film Diaries of Richard E. Grant Picador
- 2003 Guardian article on Sleddale Hall
- Feature on Sleddale Hall
- A visit to Uncle Monty's holiday cottage Jan 2009
- BBC photos of Sleddale Hall
- Photoset showing interior in September 2007
- Flickr Withnail and I group, many photos of the Hall
- Trust website set up to purchase Sleddale Hall at the 16th February 2009
- Photographs of Sleddale Hall in the 1950s